2 Rhyme / Rhythm Rhyme Scheme: pattern of rhyming lines Slant / Near RhymesPerfect / Exact RhymesRhythm: the beat created by the meter and rhyme of a poem
3 Poetic Structure: The planned framework of a text: Number of lines, syllables in each line, shape, ect.
4 Narrative Tells a story. Does not have to have a rhyme scheme or rhythm but can if the author chooses.No set number of lines, stanzas, or syllables.
5 Lyric Expresses the thoughts and feelings of the author. Does not have to rhyme but HAS TO have a musical quality.No rules about length or lines.
6 SONNET Expresses the thoughts and emotions of the author. *Specific Rhyme Schemes.Always 14 lines long.
7 * Shakespearean Sonnet 14 lines longThree quatrains followed by a rhyming coupletRhyme Scheme:ABAB CDCD EFEF GG
8 * Italian Sonnet 14 lines long Consists of an octane followed by a sestet.Rhyme Scheme:Octane: ABBAABBASestet: CDECDE or CDCDCD
9 * Petrarchan Sonnet Octane: ABBAABBA Sestet: CDDCEE or CDECDE 14 lines long.An octave followed by a sestet.Rhyme scheme:Octane: ABBAABBASestet: CDDCEE or CDECDE
10 EpicAn extensive, narrative poem that tells the story about a heroic figure.No rhyme required.Takes place over long periods of time so they are usually lengthy. (Longer than a short story.)
11 BalladA long, narrative poem that tells a story similar to a folk tale or legend.Rhyme is not required.Contains repeated refrains because it is a song.(refrain: lines that repeat for added emphasis)
12 and drips its dew to the ground. HaikuA Japanese poem about nature or the seasons.Does not rhyme.3 lines:5 syllables7 syllablesThe red blossom bendsand drips its dew to the ground.Like a tear it falls
13 Concrete Poem about any subject. Rhyme scheme is not required. Must take the structure orshape of its topic.
14 Blank Verse Any unrhymed poem that is written in iambic pentameter. Shakespeare’s plays are blank verse.
15 Free Form (Free Verse)A poem that does not conform to any rules regarding rhyme, rhythm, or structure.Free form poems can rhyme if author chooses to make them rhyme, but they are not required to rhyme.
16 Fixed Form Any poem that conforms to a specific pattern. Has a rhyme scheme, and/or specific rhythm or meter.Poems that require a specific structure (haiku, concrete, sonnet)