8 StanzaTwo or more lines of poetry that together form one of the divisions of a poem. The stanzas of a poem are usually of the same length and follow the same pattern of meter and rhyme and are used like paragraphs in a story.
9 MoodThe overall feeling of a poem; the emotion a poet is trying to conveyMood can be sad, humorous, silly, dramatic, romantic, lighthearted, nostalgic, etc..
10 Simile The comparison of two things using the words “like” or “as” Examples:Your room looks like a pig pen!This room is as dirty as a pig pen.
11 MetaphorThe comparison of two things without using the words “like” or “as”Examples:Your room is a pig pen! Your friends are animals.
12 PersonificationA figure of speech in which nonhuman things or abstract ideas are given human attributesExample: The leaves danced in the wind.
13 AlliterationThe repetition of the same starting sound in several words.Examples: Parkside PanthersShe sells sea shells by the sea shore.
14 Assonance The repetition of the same vowel sound in several words. Examples: The rain in Spain stays mainly on the plains.
15 ThemeThe abstract concept explored in a literary work; the poet’s message to his/her reader
16 HyperboleExaggeration. It may be used for serious or for comic effect.Example: “I had so much homework, I needed a pickup truck to haul my books home!”
17 Lyric PoemA poem that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet. A lyric poem may resemble a song in form or style.Note: This is NOT the same as song LYRICS.
18 Narrative Poem A poem that tells a story. Ballads and Epics are two types of narrative poems.
19 Epic PoemA long, serious poem that tells the story of a heroic figure.The Odyssey is an example of an epic poem.
20 BalladA poem that tells a story similar to a folk tale or legend and often has a repeated refrain
21 RefrainA line or group of lines that is repeated throughout a poem, usually after every stanza.
22 HaikuA Japanese poem composed of three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables. Haiku often reflect on some aspect of nature.
23 LimerickA humorous poem of five lines. Usually has the rhyme scheme AABBA
24 Free VersePoetry written in rhymed or unrhymed lines that have no set meter.
25 Iambic PentameterA strict form of poetry with 10 syllables per line with a meter of stressed syllable, unstressed syllable“But soft!/ What light/ through yon/der win/dow breaks?” (From Romeo & Juliet)
26 Blank Verse Poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter Shakespeare’s plays were written in blank verse.
27 SonnetA lyric poem that is 14 lines long, with a specific rhyme scheme and meter. English sonnets are written in iambic pentameter and have the rhyme scheme abab cdcd efef gg.
28 Couplet Two lines of poetry that rhyme Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall Humpty Dumpty had a great fall.
29 OdeA lyric poem written to a specific person or thing, usually in praise. It has a rhyme scheme, but that is usually left up to the poet.Some odes are meant to be sung.
30 OnomatopoeiaA word that imitates or suggests the source of the sound it makes.Examples: Buzz, Beep, Hiccup, Boom, Zap