English 9 Academic 2012 Ms. Brooks
The Language of Poetry English 9 Academic 2012 Ms. Brooks
Lyric Poem Express the speakers emotions or thoughts
Does NOT tell a story Most will be short
Free Verse Poetry that does not have a regular meter or line scheme.
Poets use free verse in order to capture the natural rhythms of ordinary speech
Haiku A 3 line poem with 17 syllables
Lines 1 & 3 have 5 syllables each Line 2 has 7 syllables A haiku usually contrasts 2 images from nature or daily life.
Sonnet A 14 line lyric poem
They are written in iambic pentameter and have a regular rhyme scheme.
Catalog Poem A poem which presents a list of many different images
Ballad A song that tells a story
They usually include a steady rhythm, strong rhymes, and repetition.
Image A word or phrase that appeals to one of our five senses
It is one of a poets strongest tools.
Sensory details Elements or words that help you imagine how something looks, sounds, tastes, or feels. Sensory details combine to form images.
Figures of Speech Comparisons that are not literarily true.
Figurative Language Expressions that put aside literal meanings in favor of imaginative connections. It is used by poets to convey an idea that might otherwise take many words to express.
Similes Two unlike things are compared using a word such as like, as, than, or resembles.
Metaphor A comparison of two unlike things in which one thing is said to be another. Does not use the words like or as.
Personification Human qualities are given to something that is not human, such as an animal, object, force of nature, or even idea.
Synecdoche A figure of speech in which a part is substituted for the whole.
Rhyme The repetitions of a stressed vowel sound and any sounds that follow.
End Rhyme Rhymes in poetry which occur at the ends of lines.
Rhyme Scheme A regular pattern of end rhymes.
Rhyme scheme is described using letter, for example: Abab Aabb
Internal Rhyme A rhyme in which at least one of the rhymed words falls within a line.
Approximate Rhyme Rhyming words which repeat some sounds but are not exact echoes. Also referred to as: Half rhymes Near rhymes Slant rhymes
Rhythm A musical quality based on repetition
This is the “beat” you hear when reading a poem.
Meter A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables that in the lines of a poem. Stressed syllables are marked Unstressed syllables are marked
Foot One stressed and one or more unstressed syllables.
Iamb A foot that has an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
Trochee A foot that contains a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable.
Anapest A foot with two unstressed syllables, then a stressed syllable
Dactyl A foot with one stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables
Spondee A foot with two stressed syllables
Blank Verse A line of poetry or prose in unrhymed iambic pentameter.
Free Verse Poetry without a regular pattern of meter or rhyme.
The verse is "free" in not being bound by earlier poetic conventions requiring poems to adhere to an explicit and identifiable meter and rhyme scheme in a form such as the sonnet or ballad.
Onomatopoeia Using words that sound like what they mean
Alliteration Repetition of the same consonant sound in several words
Assonance The repetition of vowel sounds in several words
Author’s Purpose The reason an author decides to write about a specific topic The way in which an author uses words to achieve that purpose
Theme The idea of a literary work abstracted from its details of language, character, and action, and cast in the form of a generalization.
Tone The implied attitude of a writer toward the subject and characters of a work.
Style The way an author chooses words, arranges them in sentences or in lines of dialogue or verse, and develops ideas and actions with description, imagery, and other literary techniques.
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