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Classifying Organisms Classification The process of grouping thing based on similarities. Taxonomy The scientific study of how living things are classified.

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Presentation on theme: "Classifying Organisms Classification The process of grouping thing based on similarities. Taxonomy The scientific study of how living things are classified."— Presentation transcript:

1 Classifying Organisms Classification The process of grouping thing based on similarities. Taxonomy The scientific study of how living things are classified

2 Naming Systems 5AD---1st to Classify Plants VS Animals herbs-shrubs-trees land-air-sea Father of Taxonomy Gave us system we use now Binomial Nomenclature two names Carolus Linnaeus (Carl von Linné)

3 Scientific Name Genus and Species Written in italics. First word is capitalized and the second is not. Homo sapiens If handwriting the scientific name: Underline to show italics.

4 Classification grouping that contains similar, closely related organisms Group of similar organisms that can mate with each other and produce offspring that can also mate and Reproduce.

5 Broad to Specific More levels share more have in common

6 8 Classification Levels Domain Kingdoms Plyla Classes Order Families Genus Species Daily King Phillip Called Orders For General Spivey.

7 Bacteria Archaea Eukarya Found everywhere Autotrophs & Heterotrophs Prokaryotes---lack nucleus Ancient Found in Extreme Environments Unicellular Prokaryotes/no nucleus Found Everywhere Autotrophs & Heterotrophs Eukaryotes---Nucleus Placed into domains and kingdoms based on cell type, ability to make food, number of cells in their bodies.

8 Nucleus D e n s e a r e a i n a c e l l t h a t c o n t a i n s n u c l e i c a c i d s c h e m i c a l i n s t r u c t i o n s t h a t d i r e c t c e l l s a c t i v i t i e s Dense area in cell containing nucleic acids---Chemical instructions that directs cells activities.

9 Domain Eukarya Eukaryotic organism---cannot be classified as animal, plant or fungus---most unicellular---few multicellularsome autotrophs other heterotrophs. Multicellular eukaryotes. All heterotrophs Multicellular eukaryotesmost live on land----autotrophs--- provide food for heterotrophs Multicellular eukaryoteslive everywhere---hetertrophs

10 Homo sapiens

11 YES!!!

12 Eukaryotic Cells U Cells of your body have a nucleus

13

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