Presentation on theme: "Classifying Organisms Classification The process of grouping thing based on similarities. Taxonomy The scientific study of how living things are classified."— Presentation transcript:
Classifying Organisms Classification The process of grouping thing based on similarities. Taxonomy The scientific study of how living things are classified
Naming Systems 5AD---1st to Classify Plants VS Animals herbs-shrubs-trees land-air-sea Father of Taxonomy Gave us system we use now Binomial Nomenclature two names Carolus Linnaeus (Carl von Linné)
Scientific Name Genus and Species Written in italics. First word is capitalized and the second is not. Homo sapiens If handwriting the scientific name: Underline to show italics.
Classification grouping that contains similar, closely related organisms Group of similar organisms that can mate with each other and produce offspring that can also mate and Reproduce.
Broad to Specific More levels share more have in common
8 Classification Levels Domain Kingdoms Plyla Classes Order Families Genus Species Daily King Phillip Called Orders For General Spivey.
Bacteria Archaea Eukarya Found everywhere Autotrophs & Heterotrophs Prokaryotes---lack nucleus Ancient Found in Extreme Environments Unicellular Prokaryotes/no nucleus Found Everywhere Autotrophs & Heterotrophs Eukaryotes---Nucleus Placed into domains and kingdoms based on cell type, ability to make food, number of cells in their bodies.
Nucleus D e n s e a r e a i n a c e l l t h a t c o n t a i n s n u c l e i c a c i d s c h e m i c a l i n s t r u c t i o n s t h a t d i r e c t c e l l s a c t i v i t i e s Dense area in cell containing nucleic acids---Chemical instructions that directs cells activities.
Domain Eukarya Eukaryotic organism---cannot be classified as animal, plant or fungus---most unicellular---few multicellularsome autotrophs other heterotrophs. Multicellular eukaryotes. All heterotrophs Multicellular eukaryotesmost live on land----autotrophs--- provide food for heterotrophs Multicellular eukaryoteslive everywhere---hetertrophs
Eukaryotic Cells U Cells of your body have a nucleus