Presentation on theme: "Taxonomy Study of classification Classifying critters into their specific Kingdom, Phylum…etc."— Presentation transcript:
Taxonomy Study of classification Classifying critters into their specific Kingdom, Phylum…etc.
Classification Grouping organisms based on similar characteristics ACTIVITY: Find an item that belongs to you, and place it on the pile on the floor. As a class, we are going to divide these items up based on similarities and differences.
HOW DO WE CLASSIFY A NEW ORGANISM? The type of cell (prokaryote or eukaryote) Cell Walls (do the cells have a cell wall) Cell number (unicellular or multicellular) Source of food (Autotroph or Heterotroph) ACTIVITY: Making flashcards Take 3 note cards. Cut the cards in half Use the 6 underlined terms above to write the term on one side and the definition on the other.
Prokaryote vs. Eukaryote Prokaryote –Cell that does NOT have a nucleus - Example: ALL BACTERIA Eukaryote –Cell that does have a nucleus –Examples: Us, Plants, Animals, Protists, Fungi
Unicellular vs. Multicellular Unicellular –ONE cell - Example: ALL BACTERIA, most algae Multicellular –Many cells –Examples: Us, Plants, Animals, Protists, Fungi
Autotroph vs. Heterotroph Autotroph –Makes their own food through Photosynthesis - Example: ALL plants, algae, and some bacteria Heterotroph –Can not make own food through photosynthesis –Examples: Us, Animals, Fungi, some bacteria https://www.youtube.com/watch?v =eDalQv7d2cs&feature=relmfu
8 Major Groups Domain Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species Activity: In your groups, create a pneumonic phrase Did King Philip Come Over For Grape Soda
Where do humans fit in? Which domain? Which kingdom? LIFE PROKARYOTE – NO Nucleus in cell EUKARYOTE – HAS A Nucleus in cells ARCHAEABACTERIA 3 DOMAINS EUKARYA 6 KINGDOMS ARCHAEBACTERIA EUBACTERIA (MONERANS) PROTISTS FUNGI PLANTAE ANIMALIA https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gSuRoDGpKWw&list=PLP7ck8m OqD4w9ZHnLBSynEh1A22UfMsS4&index=1&feature=plpp_video
Activity: Name that domain… I will show you a series of pictures. Your stations job is to figure out the correct domain. Record your answers on the whiteboards at your lab station.
The 6 Kingdoms Domain: Archaea Archaeabacteria Unicellular – Contains only 1 cell Prokaryotes – lack a nucleus Wacky bacteria – found in the most extreme places Oldest of all bacteria
The 6 Kingdoms Domain: Bacteria Eubacteria (Monerans) Unicellular – Contains only 1 cell Prokaryotes – lack a nucleus Autotrophs – produce their own food Heterotrophs – Cannot make their own food CYANOBACTERIA – blue green algae BACTERIA
The 6 Kingdoms Domain: Eukarya Protista Unicellular Eukaryotes – Contains a nucleus Similar to plants, but move like animals Both Autotroph and Heterotroph
The 6 Kingdoms Domain: Eukarya Fungi Multicellular – Contains many cells Heterotrophs Includes mushrooms, molds, mildews MushroomsApple leaf Rust Fungus Yeast Cells
Carolus Linnaeus Swedish scientist that developed the system of classification
Binomial nomenclature Bi = 2 ; nomenclature = name : 2 Names System of classification where each organism is given 2 names A Genus name and a s pecies name Both names are printed in italics The Genus name is capitalized and the species is lower case Handwritten these names are underlined
Practice Which of the organisms above is the most closely related? How many classification groups do the dog and the fur seal have in common? Which of the organisms can make their own food? True or False: Organisms in Kingdom Animalia are Heterotrophs.