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Published byAntonia Phelps Modified over 7 years ago
The Struggle Over Foreign Policy
Foreign Policy Issues Jay’s Treaty Chief Justice John Jay sent to London to negotiate a number of disagreements left from the Revolutionary War
Foreign Policy Issues Wanted removal of British forces in US Payment for ships taken in the West Indies Accept American definition of neutrality
Foreign Policy Issues British agreed to leave the forts and some small ship alone Rejected the US position on neutral rights Will continue to search American ships on the high seas
Washington Says Farewell September 1796 Washington warned against all political factions Avoid making permanent alliances with distant nations that had no intention in promoting American security
The Election of 1796 Washington completes his second term and announced he would not seek a third term
The Election of 1796 Jefferson (Republican) and Adams (Federalists) run for Pres
The Election of 1796 John Adams won the election, with Jefferson to serve as his Vice President
John Adams as President 61 years old Harvard educated lawyer Short, bald, overweight, and vain “His Rotundity”
John Adams as President Adam’s first issue as President was the interference of American shipping by French naval vessels An American delegation was sent to Paris
The XYZ Affair The French, postponed official negotiations. Meanwhile, three French emissaries (known later simply as X, Y, and Z) demanded that the Americans pay a bribe of $250,000 and provide a $10 million loan.
The XYZ Affair Adams recalled his delegation and condemn the French government
The XYZ Affair The Federalist-controlled Congress prepared for war by authorizing a 20,000 man army and calling George Washington out of retirement as commander in chief During the winter of 1798, an undeclared naval war took place between France and the United States.
The Alien and Sedition Acts Federalist dominated Congress passed the Alien and Sedition Acts
The Alien and Sedition Acts Alien Enemies Law: gave the president the power to imprison or deport any foreigner believed to be dangerous to the United States
The Alien and Sedition Acts Alien Law: made it a crime to attack the government with "false, scandalous, or malicious" statements or writings.
The Alien and Sedition Acts Naturalization Law: lengthened the period necessary before immigrants could become citizens from 5 to 14 years
The Alien and Sedition Acts Federalist prosecutors used the Sedition Act to convict ten editors and printers.
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions Kentucky and Virginia adopted resolutions written by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison denouncing the Alien and Sedition Acts Kentucky Resolutions declared the federal government had violated the Bill of Rights
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions Virginia Resolution Advanced the idea that the states had a right to declare federal laws null and void Election of 1800 would decide this…
Death George Washington December 13 th, 1799 George Washington woke his wife, complaining of severe pain Over the course of that day doctors attempted to ease the pain of the former president
Death George Washington December 14 th, 1799 the former president died Richard Henry Lee delivered the most famous eulogy Proclaimed Washington was “First in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen”
The Election of 1800 Candidates Thomas Jefferson, Republican vs. John Adams, Federalist
The Election of 1800 Jefferson defeated Adams by 8 electoral votes, so did Aaron Burr (Jefferson’s running mate) House of Representatives called on to settle tie Took 6 days and 35 ballots
The Election of 1800 Alexander Hamilton intervened, persuaded Federalists to cast votes for Jefferson Hamilton thought Jefferson was more qualified to lead than Burr
The Election of 1800 36 ballot Rep James Bayard of Delaware announced he no longer supported Burr
The Election of 1800 12 th Amendment passed to eliminate problem again Electors cast separate vote for President and Vice President Election of 1800, Showed the world that the American republic could withstand political change Federalists step down and allow the Republicans to take over
Why was Jefferson not automatically named President after he won the popular vote in 1800? Jefferson did not have a majority of electoral college votes.
The election of 1800 showed both Americans and Europeans that political power could be transferred peacefully.
Which laws allowed the President to jail any alien considered undesirable? Alien and Sedition Acts
Name the incident in which the French demanded $250,000 to speak with their foreign minister. XYZ Affair
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