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Ecology Review Questions Multiple Choice The natural world that surrounds an organism is called the organisms: a. energy b. environment c. lodgings d.

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Presentation on theme: "Ecology Review Questions Multiple Choice The natural world that surrounds an organism is called the organisms: a. energy b. environment c. lodgings d."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Ecology Review Questions

3 Multiple Choice The natural world that surrounds an organism is called the organisms: a. energy b. environment c. lodgings d. nutrients

4 Multiple Choice The study of how living things interact is called: a. ecosystems b. abiotic factors c. ecology d. the energy pyramid

5 Multiple Choice The source of energy for almost all life on Earth is: a. fungi b. animals c. water d. sunlight

6 Multiple Choice An example of a biotic factor in a forest ecosystem is: a. waterfall b. cliff c. a tree d. a rock

7 Multiple Choice An ecosystem is made up of: a. living things only b. physical environment only c. living things and the physical environment d. living things and decaying matter

8 Multiple Choice In an energy pyramid, the bottom level represents: a. consumers b. producers c. scavengers d. decomposers

9 Multiple Choice An example of a consumer in a pond ecosystem is: a. a water lily b. algae c. a reed d. a frog

10 Multiple Choice Which of these food chains is in the correct order? a. caterpillar, cattail, frog, water snake b. cattail, caterpillar, frog, water snake c. water snake, frog, caterpillar, cattail d. cattail, frog, caterpillar, water snake

11 Multiple Choice Ecology is the study of how: a. the physical environment changes over time b. biotic factors change over time c. matter interacts with energy in our environment d. living things interact with each other and their environment

12 Multiple Choice An example of a biotic factor in a pond ecosystem is: a. temperature b. water c. fish d. sunlight

13 Multiple Choice An example of a producer is a: a. fungus b. caterpillar c. bird d. moss

14 Multiple Choice Both consumers and producers are a source of food for: a. scavengers b. decomposers c. carnivores d. herbivores

15 Multiple Choice In an energy pyramid, the lowest level has: a. less energy than the top level b. less energy than the second level c. more energy than the top level d. the same amount of energy as the second level

16 Multiple Choice A scientist who studies the interactions of plants and animals is called: a. a physicist b. a botanist c. a geologist d. an ecologist

17 Multiple Choice A food chains shows: a. one possible pathway for energy b. many possible pathways for energy c. the amount of energy available to a producer d. the amount of energy available to a consumer

18 Multiple Choice Decomposers are important to ecosystems because they: a. are at the highest level of the energy pyramid b. change simple compounds into more complex ones c. make nutrients available for producers to reuse d. convert light energy into sugars through photosynthesis

19 Multiple Choice Which of the following factors in an ecosystem is biotic? a. insects b. soil c. water d. sunlight

20 Multiple Choice Two abiotic factors that affect an ecosystem are: a. temperature and animals b. plants and animals c. water and bacteria d. soil and water

21 Multiple Choice Two examples of decomposers are: a. fungi and bacteria b. algae and marine mammals c. carnivores and herbivores d. ferns and mosses

22 Multiple Choice A caterpillar eats a leaf, and a bird eats the caterpillar. In this interaction, the bird is a: a. producer b. herbivore c. primary consumer d. secondary consumer

23 Multiple Choice How is a food web model different from a food chain? a. In a web, energy moves from an organism to only one other. b. In a web, energy may move to many organisms from one. c. In a web, an organism gets energy from one source. d. In a web, an organism receives less energy than in a chain.

24 Multiple Choice When a rabbit population in a meadow cannot grow any larger, it has reached the: a. climax community b. carrying capacity c. limiting factor d. minimum size

25 Multiple Choice Which list of terms is in the correct order, from simplest to most complex? a. organism, community, population, ecosystem, biome b. organism, population, community, biome, ecosystem c. organism, population, community, ecosystem, biome d. organism, community, ecosystem, population, biome

26 Multiple Choice A population of rabbits is at its carrying capacity when the population: a. reproduces b. becomes extinct c. stops growing d. cant survive

27 Multiple Choice An unusually cold winter causes the squirrel population to decrease. This is an example of temperature as a: a. carrying capacity b. limiting factor c. climax community d. pattern in space

28 Multiple Choice All the living things in a meadow and the physical environment around them make up the meadows: a. community b. population c. ecosystem d. niche

29 Multiple Choice A crab lives on a beach where it gets food, shelter, and space to live. The beach is the crabs: a. niche b. community c. habitat d. home

30 Multiple Choice All the leopard frogs in a pond make up the ponds leopard frog: a. population b. niche c. habitat d. ecosystem

31 Multiple Choice Biodiversity is a measure of the: a. variety of nonliving things within an ecosystem b. amount of resources shared by the human population. c. Variety of species within an ecosystem. d. Amount of renewable resources within an ecosystem.

32 Multiple Choice Biotic factors in an ecosystem may include: a. bacteria, soil, and water b. plants, animals, and bacteria c. temperature, water, and soil d. animals, fungi, and temperature

33 Multiple Choice An animal that eats only plants is a: a. primary consumer b. secondary consumer c. tertiary consumer d. primary producer

34 Multiple Choice An example of a biotic factor is: a. soil b. a rock c. water d. a tree

35 Multiple Choice A snake that eats an insect-eating frog is a: a. primary consumer b. secondary consumer c. tertiary consumer d. primary producer

36 Multiple Choice Which group shown in the energy pyramid is most immediately affected by the decomposition of other organisms? a. primary consumer b. secondary consumer c. tertiary consumer d. primary producer

37 Multiple Choice Knowing the type of food consumed by an organism helps to identify the role of the organism in the community. This role is known as its_________ a nesting site b. habitat c. Biomass d. niche

38 Multiple Choice Which of these organisms would most likely be found at the top of an energy pyramid? a.Shrimp b.Salmon c.Sharks d.Seaweed

39 Multiple Choice Which of these organisms would most likely be found at the bottom of an energy pyramid? a.Shrimp b.Salmon c.Sharks d.Seaweed

40 Fill in the Blank A(n) ___________________________ is made up of both living things and the physical environment. An ecosystem is made up of both living things and the physical environment.

41 Fill in the Blank __________________________ is the study of how living things interact with each other and their environment. Ecology is the study of how living things interact with each other and their environment.

42 Fill in the Blank Living things in an ecosystem are ________________________ factors. Living things in an ecosystem are biotoic factors.

43 Fill in the Blank Nonliving things in an ecosystem are __________________________ factors. Nonliving things in an ecosystem are abiotic factors.

44 Fill in the Blank The __________________________ of an environment is the maximum population that it can support. The carrying capacity of an environment is the maximum population that it can support.

45 True or False? Organisms in soil are an example of abiotic factors. FALSE

46 True or False? The amount of light available in an ecosystem affects the types and amount of plant life that will grow there. TRUE

47 True or False? Plants use energy to make sugars through photosynthesis. TRUE

48 True or False? An ecosystem is composed of biotic factors. FALSE Biotic factors AND abiotic factors.

49 True or False? In a species, the organisms offspring must be able to breed. TRUE

50 True or False? The same niche in a habitat may be occupied by more than one species. TRUE

51 Matching _____ Producera. made up of many overlapping food chains _____Consumerb. organism that converts heat or light energy into chemical energy _____Decomposerc. shows how energy is lost as it is transferred up the food chain _____Food Chaind. organism that gets its energy by eating plants or animals _____Food Webe. shows one set of feeding relationships between a producer and several consumers _____Energy Pyramidf. organism that breaks down dead plants and animals into simpler compounds

52 Matching __B__ Producera. made up of many overlapping food chains _____Consumerb. organism that converts heat or light energy into chemical energy _____Decomposerc. shows how energy is lost as it is transferred up the food chain _____Food Chaind. organism that gets its energy by eating plants or animals _____Food Webe. shows one set of feeding relationships between a producer and several consumers _____Energy Pyramidf. organism that breaks down dead plants and animals into simpler compounds A producer is an organism that converts heat or light energy into chemical energy.

53 Matching __B__ Producera. made up of many overlapping food chains __D__ Consumerb. organism that converts heat or light energy into chemical energy _____ Decomposerc. shows how energy is lost as it is transferred up the food chain _____ Food Chaind. organism that gets its energy by eating plants or animals _____ Food Webe. shows one set of feeding relationships between a producer and several consumers _____ Energy Pyramidf. organism that breaks down dead plants and animals into simpler compounds A consumer is an organism that gets its energy by eating plants or animals.

54 Matching __B__ Producera. made up of many overlapping food chains __D__ Consumerb. organism that converts heat or light energy into chemical energy __F__ Decomposerc. shows how energy is lost as it is transferred up the food chain _____ Food Chaind. organism that gets its energy by eating plants or animals _____ Food Webe. shows one set of feeding relationships between a producer and several consumers _____ Energy Pyramidf. organism that breaks down dead plants and animals into simpler compounds A decomposer is an organism that breaks down dead plants and animals into simpler compounds.

55 Matching __B__ Producera. made up of many overlapping food chains __D__ Consumerb. organism that converts heat or light energy into chemical energy __F__ Decomposerc. shows how energy is lost as it is transferred up the food chain __E__ Food Chaind. organism that gets its energy by eating plants or animals _____ Food Webe. shows one set of feeding relationships between a producer and several consumers _____ Energy Pyramidf. organism that breaks down dead plants and animals into simpler compounds A food chain shows one set of feeding relationships between a producer and several consumers..

56 Matching __B__ Producera. made up of many overlapping food chains __D__ Consumerb. organism that converts heat or light energy into chemical energy __F__ Decomposerc. shows how energy is lost as it is transferred up the food chain __E__ Food Chaind. organism that gets its energy by eating plants or animals __A__ Food Webe. shows one set of feeding relationships between a producer and several consumers _____ Energy Pyramidf. organism that breaks down dead plants and animals into simpler compounds A food web is made up of many overlapping food chains.

57 Matching __B__ Producera. made up of many overlapping food chains __D__ Consumerb. organism that converts heat or light energy into chemical energy __F__ Decomposerc. shows how energy is lost as it is transferred up the food chain __E__ Food Chaind. organism that gets its energy by eating plants or animals __A__ Food Webe. shows one set of feeding relationships between a producer and several consumers __C__ Energy Pyramidf. organism that breaks down dead plants and animals into simpler compounds An energy pyramid shows how energy is lost as it is transferred up the food chain.

58 Matching _____ It surrounds all living things _____All living organisms need it _____It gives Earth most of its energy a.organism b.Energy c.The ocean d.Environment e.The Sun

59 Matching __D__ It surrounds all living things _____All living organisms need it _____It gives Earth most of its energy a.organism b.Energy c.The ocean d.Environment e.The Sun

60 Matching __D__ It surrounds all living things __B__All living organisms need it _____It gives Earth most of its energy a.organism b.Energy c.The ocean d.Environment e.The Sun

61 Matching __D__ It surrounds all living things __B__All living organisms need it __E__It gives Earth most of its energy a.organism b.Energy c.The ocean d.Environment e.The Sun

62 Matching _____ Two organisms try to get the same thing in a relation _____ Two organisms benefit in a relationship _____ The role a species fills in a habitat a. niche b. habitat c. parasitism d. competition e. mutualism

63 Matching __D__ Two organisms try to get the same thing in a relation _____ Two organisms benefit in a relationship _____ The role a species fills in a habitat a. niche b. habitat c. parasitism d. competition e. mutualism

64 Matching __D__ Two organisms try to get the same thing in a relation __E__ Two organisms benefit in a relationship _____ The role a species fills in a habitat a. niche b. habitat c. parasitism d. competition e. mutualism

65 Matching __D__ Two organisms try to get the same thing in a relation __E__ Two organisms benefit in a relationship __A__ The role a species fills in a habitat a. niche b. habitat c. parasitism d. competition e. mutualism

66 Matching _____ A substance that degrades the environment _____ An introduced species _____ The variety of life in an ecosystem a. pollution b. population density c. natural resource d. Invasive species e. biodiversity

67 Matching __C__ Something from the environment that humans use _____ Number of people in a given area _____ The variety of life in an ecosystem a. pollution b. population density c. natural resource d. Invasive species e. biodiversity

68 Matching __C__ Something from the environment that humans use __B__ Number of people in a given area _____ The variety of life in an ecosystem a. pollution b. population density c. natural resource d. Invasive species e. biodiversity C C

69 Matching ____ Something from the environment that humans use ____ Number of people in a given area ____ The variety of life in an ecosystem a. pollution b. population density c. natural resource d. Invasive species e. biodiversity C D E

70 What do the arrows in the food web represent? The flow of energy within the food web.

71 List two producers and three consumers in the food web. Producers = rosebush, oak tree, grass Consumers = deer, wolf, rabbit, squirrel caterpillar, frog, sparrow, snake, hawk

72 Draw one food chain that includes the sparrow. rose bush –> caterpillar –> sparrow -> hawk rose bush -> caterpillar -> sparrow -> snake oak tree -> caterpillar -> sparrow -> hawk oak tree -> caterpillar -> sparrow -> snake grass -> caterpillar -> sparrow -> hawk grass -> caterpillar -> sparrow -> snake

73 Good Luck on the Test! Remember to Study!


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