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Published byBethany Gordon
Modified over 4 years ago
Skeletal System Diseases & Disorders
Osteoporosis bone mass reduced; hormone-related; need calcium and Vitamin D when young; leads to spontaneous fractures; curvature of spine
Osteomalacia “soft bones”; bones are inadequately mineralized; bone pain; aka Rickets in children; need for sunlight - Vit. D; calcium needs to be absorbed
age >40 excessive bone formation and breakdown usually spine, pelvis, femur, skull virus?
Osteomyelitis -bacterial infection -area is tender and swells -need for antibiotics
Scoliosis “twisted disease”; abnormal lateral curvature in thoracic vertebrae; treat with surgery or body braces
Kyphosis “hunchback”; exaggerated curvature of thoracic vertebrae; common in osteoporosis, rickets, osteomalacia
Lordosis “swayback”; accentuated curvature of lumbar vertebrae common in spinal tuberculosis, osteomalacia, men with potbellies or pregnant women
Cleft Palate congenital right and left halves of palate fail to fuse interferes with sucking & inhalation surgery at 6 months & speech therapy
Bursitis inflammation of a bursa from blow or friction “student’s elbow” anti-inflammatory drugs or removal of fluid
Osteoarthritis AKA degenerative joint disease (DJD) MOST COMMON CHRONIC ARTHRITIS articular cartilage deteriorates leads to stiffness no known cause more common in women joint replacement
Disorders. Broken Bones Terms: Closed vs open Closed vs open Simple vs Comminuted Simple vs Comminuted.
The Skeletal System.
Skeletal System Review. Which bone is known as the kneecap? Patella Which condition is abnormal softening of bones due to disease? osteomalacia.
Copyright 2003 by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. CHAPTER 13 SKELETAL SYSTEM.
Vertebral Column Aka Spine or backbone
Skeletal System Diseases and Disorders. Arthritis Rheumatoid Rheumatoid Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis Juvenile Rheumatoid.
Skeletal Disorders May Occur with Bone, Cartilage, Ligaments, Joints.
Clinical Disorders and Diseases of the Skeletal System.
Anatomy and Physiology Bones and Joints Bones provide framework and support; classified by shape and composition Joints: where two or more bones.
The Vertebral Column.
1.03 Understand the functions and disorders of the skeletal system.
SKELETAL DISEASES NOTES. Osteoporosis: What is it? Loss of bone density and mass Bones become more porous, increasing risk of fractures.
Bones Structure, Remodeling, Homeostatic Imbalances.
SKELETAL DISORDERS. Objectives: Copyright 2003 by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Skeletal System Diseases & Disorders. Osteoporosis.
Physiological Diseases of the human Skeleton. Inflammatory Disorders of joints Joint pain and discomfort can be caused by many factors Bursitis Arthritis.
Chapter 5 The Skeletal System: Pathology
CONGENITAL ABNORMALITIES OF M/S SYSTEM Developmental dysplasia of hip Scoliosis.
kyphosis lordosis and scoliosis
Skeletal System Characteristics and Treatment of Common Skeletal Disorders.
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