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Human Development Recovery Needs Assessments (HRNA) United Nations Development Programme Bureau for Crisis Prevention & Recovery Bangkok, Thailand November.

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Presentation on theme: "Human Development Recovery Needs Assessments (HRNA) United Nations Development Programme Bureau for Crisis Prevention & Recovery Bangkok, Thailand November."— Presentation transcript:

1 Human Development Recovery Needs Assessments (HRNA) United Nations Development Programme Bureau for Crisis Prevention & Recovery Bangkok, Thailand November 2010

2 Presentation Aim To introduce and justify Human Development Recovery Needs Assessments (HRNA) as a key element of PDNAs To provide examples from Asia of recent approaches to HRNA

3 Presentation Order What is HRNA and why is it important? Who does HRNAs and how are they done? Where can I find resources on HRNA? What are examples of HRNA in Asia? What are the lessons and challenges from recent experiences with HRNA?

4 What is HRNA? HRNA is shorthand for Human Development Recovery Needs Assessments HRNA are assessments that determine the requirements for the full resilient recovery of human development for affected populations, including the restoration of governance systems Resilient recovery means that disaster risks are reduced (Sometimes called holistic recovery or sustainable recovery)

5 Recovery of Human Development: Definition Measures to restore peoples abilities to recover their full potential to lead productive, creative lives in accordance with their needs and interests. In reference to Human Development

6 Recovery and Human Development Paths

7 Why recovery of human development? Development experts have learned importance of multi- disciplinary approaches to twin pillars of economic development and human development. Neither approach replaces the other; two complimentary streams of analysis (DaLA and HRNA) HRNA reflects concerns/priorities of individuals and stakeholders viz DaLAs orientation to national accounts Relationship between DaLA and actual recovery needs not straightforward; governments requesting more analysis to ensure recovery of human development

8 Why? continued... The needs and priorities identified by the affected communities themselves are neglected Insufficient attention is often given to the social impacts of disasters Local knowledge, resources and experience are not adequately addressed While macro-level socio-economic data is often collected, much information is missed at the meso- and micro-levels Important opportunities may be missed

9 Who does HRNA? Government led; Government sectoral specialists; Line ministries/departments/offices PDNA sector teams Supported by specialised UN agencies as per mandates, global conventions, etc. Informed by and builds on humanitarian institutions and processes And, disaster-affected key stakeholders…

10 What is the focus of HRNAs? Effects of disaster on social/community/ household functions & processes Priorities for recovery interventions, sequencing and focus areas Needs for resources for interventions in monetary terms Capacities required to meet recovery objectives (& measures to address gaps) Risk reduction measures to ensure resilient recovery

11 HRNA for each sector: Should estimates impacts and requirements for: Restoration of governance systems Measures to ensure access for all to reconstructed infrastructure Approaches to fully restore livelihood systems Pressing basic needs and services Re-establishment of community functioning Support spontaneous recovery Post disaster capacity building Enhancing resilience against & reducing disaster risks

12 Where to find resources? Guidance is found in Sectoral and Thematic Methodologies for Assessing Human Impacts and Recovery Needs (coming soon!) Chapters can be found here: For example: Agriculture; Community Infrastructure; Culture; Disaster Risk Reduction; Education; Environment; Gender; Governance; Health; Housing, Land, Property and Human Settlements; Information Management; Livelihoods, Employment and Income; Use of Geospatial Information and Satellite Derived Products…and more…


14 Country example, HRNA - Indonesia HRNA embedded in legal framework Linked to financing facility Adapting global guidance for country context Improved through application and post-crisis learning Committed government leadership UN-supported

15 Country example, HRNA - Myanmar 2008 Cyclone Nargis Focus on affected communities perspectives through Village Tract Assessment Part of the Post-Nargis Joint Assessment (PONJA) coordinated by ASEAN * Perceptions of why the disaster was so bad. * Proportion of deaths by age and gender. * Support needed by communities. * Priorities for repairing infrastructure. * Household expenditure priorities.

16 VTA: 30 most affected townships Loss of food stocks agricultural income fisheries income livestock income seed stocks shelter Levels of destruction Changing nature of temporary shelter Salination of ponds Sanitation situation Damage to schools Access to credit Levels of psychological stress Reach of humanitarian efforts

17 Country example, Pakistan 2010 Monsoon Floods No PDNA…but Damage and Needs Assessment led by IFIs… UN: Focus on impact of floods on human development, using MDGs as proxies

18 Gross and Net Primary Enrollment

19 MDG 2: Survival Rate (Primary Education)

20 Lessons & Challenges of HRNA Best to prepare for recovery planning before disasters Methodologies evolving rapidly, limited dissemination An approach versus a single methodology Different institutions have different expectations/uses of PDNA materials, including DaLA and HRNA; can be challenging to reconcile and prioritise DaLA can consume most of the available PDNA technical resources; experts must be dedicated to HRNA Without champions, voices of disaster-affected communities do not inform recovery processes Without HRNA leaders, PDNAs can be limited to DaLA Timing is challenging, given humanitarian imperatives

21 Thank you Questions, Observations or Comments?

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