Presentation on theme: "ASSESSMENT & PLANNING FOR POST-DISASTER RECOVERY OF COMMUNITY INFRASTRUCTURE United Nations Development Programme Bureau for Crisis Prevention & Recovery."— Presentation transcript:
ASSESSMENT & PLANNING FOR POST-DISASTER RECOVERY OF COMMUNITY INFRASTRUCTURE United Nations Development Programme Bureau for Crisis Prevention & Recovery November 2010 Bangkok, Thailand
Presentation Order Scoping Community Infrastructure (CI) for Recovery Data Management for Community Infrastructure Data Analysis Estimation of Damage and Losses Estimation of Human recovery Needs Recovery Planning for CI
Scoping CI Recovery within PDNA Common understanding of CI within the PDNA Team “Critical community lifelines”: essential to sustain community life and support livelihoods; built and managed by communities Positioning CI with other PDNA sectors Identification of CI components, coordination/links with major national infrastructure, inter linkages with other sectors, e.g., agriculture, health, culture, etc. Identification of key thematic areas Design consideration, community mobilization, long-term maintenance, etc.
Data Management for CI Recovery Identification of source of information Baseline Impact assessment Field verification Standard format for data collection Matrix for DaLA Questionnaires for HRNA Consistency with IM strategy of PDNA Determination of sampling approach Managing human resources for assessment
Information Management for CI Recovery Data/ Information Management Process: Data collection, processing, analysis, interpretation, storage, dissemination, monitoring, etc. Consultative process: Key users of CI and key actors in recovery including: affected communities (men, women, youth, elderly, leaders, etc.) national and local authorities, CBOs, private sector, NGOs, donors, international agencies, etc.
Data Analysis: Damage and Loss assessment CI damages will be determined by repair or replacement cost (expressed in current values). Replacement cost will include environmental and social (e.g. gender, age, disability) considerations, DRR, technological innovations, etc. Indirect effects or losses will be assessed by the disruption of goods and services (expressed in current values). Indirect losses will include the additional cost of interim arrangements/temporary solutions.
Data Analysis: Assessment of Human Recovery Needs Community participation & empowerment Community engagement in recovery stages Community perspectives on recovery needs Linkages to other sectors and cross- cutting themes Linkages to governance networks
Data Analysis: Assessment of Recovery Needs A consultative & participatory process to capture traditional & local knowledge, wisdom & perspectives. Recovery needs of the affected community assessed with linkages to: Livelihoods systems Technical &environmental considerations Socio-political considerations Human development aspects Gender & diversity Disaster Risk Reduction Skill development Local governance
Recovery Planning for Community Infrastructure CI recovery is an integral part of livelihood restoration process Conformity with existing plans, policies and strategies Linkages with recovery planning of other sectors Integrating cross-cutting issues (e.g., Gender, Environment, Protection) Capacity building of affected communities Risk reduction emphasis (disaster and/or conflict risks)
Examples of Assistance for CI Recovery Clearance of debris & opening up access & community sites Restoration & upgrading access road networks, including secondary & tertiary roads Restoration of drainage & small scale water resource infrastructure Restoration and strengthening of ICT and community Early Warning System Assistance for recovery of local enterprises, especially communally- managed Repair of religious spaces Capacity building & training for community & local government institutions
Objective To restore community accessibility & support livelihood recovery of affected populations. To create short-term opportunities for poor/ unemployed people in affected communities To promote ‘ build back better ’ concept by adopting risk reduction measures Strategic Interventions Identification of community roads & structures to be restored urgently for community livelihood recovery Selection of labour-intensive methods & techniques taking into account local practices & resources Establishment of appropriate CFW for repair, upgrade and reconstruction of community roads & structures Affirmative actions to promote greater participation of women Environmental measures e.g. tree plantation, slope stabilization & drainage clearage Conduct training for local masons & workers on methods for resilient construction Institute mechanism for community-based monitoring Duration 6-9 months Partners Local Government Authority, NGOs/CBOs Determination of Recovery Costs Example - Project Profile : Community Access Roads
Phased Strategy for Full Recovery of CI Short-term Medium-term Long-term Facilitate rescue & relief operations Support spontaneous recovery Restore essential facilities & infrastructure Mitigate health hazards Livelihood system restoration Repair & reconstruct local infrastructure Support self- recovery & local enterprise recovery Prepare conditions for long-term development Build community capacity Strengthen local institutions Promote resilience & safety standards Sustainable maintenance