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Workshop on Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change Adaptation Washington DC, September 2010 An Introduction to Disaster Risk Management Michel Matera,

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Presentation on theme: "Workshop on Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change Adaptation Washington DC, September 2010 An Introduction to Disaster Risk Management Michel Matera,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Workshop on Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change Adaptation Washington DC, September 2010 An Introduction to Disaster Risk Management Michel Matera, Sr. DRM Specialist |Track II Team Leader Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR)

2 Workshop on Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change Adaptation Washington DC, September 2010 Some terminology…. Hazards, Exposure, Vulnerability and Risks – why disasters are not natural Disaster Risk Management or Disaster Risk Reduction Corrective Disaster Risk Management and Prospective Disaster Risk Management Disaster Risk Management and Adaptation to Climate Change

3 Workshop on Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change Adaptation Washington DC, September 2010 Disasters cause adverse impact on human and economic development Average loss of GDP : 2-15% Average loss of employment: 2-10% Disasters cause vicious poverty traps pushing millions into extreme poverty each year Incidence of poverty higher in hazard-prone areas 2-4% increase in extreme poverty due to disasters

4 Workshop on Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change Adaptation Washington DC, September 2010 Disasters need both short-term humanitarian and longer term development responses. Increasing the coping capacity of the vulnerable in crisis situations Disaster risk reduction links humanitarian and development agendas for vulnerability reduction Fully integrate disaster risk reduction in disaster recovery and reconstruction Humanitarian relief responses meet survival needs Build back better addresses building resilient lives and livelihoods

5 Workshop on Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change Adaptation Washington DC, September 2010 Main drivers of underlying disaster risks are also the major development challenges. Weak urban governance, vulnerable rural livelihoods, and declining ecosystems, are the main drivers of disaster risks. [2009 ISDR Global Assessment Report] Changing mean state of climate causing increased incidence of hazard and declining resilience There can be no sustainable development without disaster risk reduction Systematically integrate disaster risk reduction into sustainable development planning in all sectors Establish robust policy framework all levels for disaster risk reduction planning and implementation Fully integrate disaster risk reduction in disaster recovery and reconstruction

6 Workshop on Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change Adaptation Washington DC, September 2010 Disaster Risk Management Framework Risk Assessment Risk Reduction Risk Financing Disaster Preparedness and Recovery Risk Governance

7 Workshop on Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change Adaptation Washington DC, September 2010 Understand disaster risks and improve access to information Develop innovative tools and implement pilot interventions Engage key actors and organize government structures Creating the conditions for DRR and CCA Mainstreaming

8 Workshop on Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change Adaptation Washington DC, September 2010 Historic Perspective WB Disaster Reduction and Recovery Operations (FY84-FY10) Since 1984, the Bank has participated in 725 disaster related lending projects, representing total commitments of US$ 56.3 billion. The number of projects related to natural disasters has risen gradually with sharp peaks in lending about every five years.

9 Workshop on Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change Adaptation Washington DC, September 2010 The Bank engaged in both projects anticipating foreseeable disasters in the future (ex-ante) and projects directly triggered by a disaster (ex-post). The 143 disaster related ex-ante projects represented total commitments of US$ 10.7 billion, while the 49 ex-post disaster related project represent US$ 2.9 billion. Most countries requested Bank support to prevent disasters of hydrological origin (319 projects representing total disaster related lending of US$ 29.0 billion)

10 Workshop on Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change Adaptation Washington DC, September 2010 The Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery Established in 2006, as a global partnership of 25 countries and international organizations for collective action in disaster risk reduction and climate adaptation to extreme events GFDRR mission is to mainstream disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation in country development strategies 54 countries have benefitted from this global fund, with deepened engagement on 31 disaster prone countries More than US$ 80M committed during GFDRR Business Lines: Track I – Global and Regional Cooperation Program; Track II – Disaster Risk Reduction Mainstreaming Program; Track III – Sustainable Recovery Program

11 Workshop on Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change Adaptation Washington DC, September 2010 More information on our website: Thanks


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