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DISASTER RISK REDUCTION, AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY: FAO GOOD PRACTICE DRM Working Group FAO Rome.

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Presentation on theme: "DISASTER RISK REDUCTION, AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY: FAO GOOD PRACTICE DRM Working Group FAO Rome."— Presentation transcript:

1 DISASTER RISK REDUCTION, AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY: FAO GOOD PRACTICE DRM Working Group FAO Rome

2 Overview Context Context Food security and systems in the hazard context Food security and systems in the hazard context FAO and Climate Risk Management FAO and Climate Risk Management Good Practice Good Practice Lessons Lessons

3 Increasing populations/urbanization Increased demand for food and dietary convergence Limited areas to enhance food production Many hazard prone countries are LIFDCs Climate change CONTEXT

4 FOOD SECURITY Exists when all people at all times have physical or economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active healthy life. Four dimension of food security: Availability, Access, Stability and Utilization

5 HAZARD IMPACTS ON FOOD SYSTEMS HAZARD IMPACTS ON FOOD SYSTEMS Food production losses Infrastructure damage Asset losses Increased livelihood risks More food emergencies Health risks

6 Development & disaster risk reduction (DRR) Development & disaster risk reduction (DRR) Emergency response period Emergency response period Recovery & Rehabilitation Media response Risk assessment Mitigation/prevention Warning/ evacuation Preparedness Search & rescue Search & rescue Re-establish logistic routes Recontruction Economic/social recovery Restoration of infrastructural services Coordination Ongoing development activities Ongoing development activities Provide ongoing assistance Damage assessment Normal economic/social growth pattern Major hazard/disaster Emergency initiatives Recovery initiatives DRR initiatives Normal economic/social growth pattern How does FAO address DRR? Mainstreaming DRR into ongoing development processes

7 FAO Technical Support FAO Technical Support Risk reducing technologies Sectoral policies and institutions Infrastructure improvement Climate and weather information Emergency response and rehabilitation Livelihoods support, promotion and diversification

8 Policy and local support: DRR and adaptation in agriculture ENHANCING CAPACITIES TECHNOLOGICAL INSTITUTIONAL AND BEHAVIOURAL Policy-based measures CREATING INCENTIVES FOR DRR and ADAPTATION AT FARM-LEVEL DRR and ADAPTATION MEASURES IMPLEMENTED BY GOVERNMENT Local processes of risk reduction and adaptation Key message: need to act on both levels (local processes plus policies) by institutionalizing support for CBDRM/CBA

9 DRR/CAA Implementation Assess current vulnerability, risks and local livelihoods by agro-ecological zone/socioeconomic setting Assess future climate risks & overlay to current Identify, validate and test adaptation options Design location-specific risk reduction strategies Stakeholder Engagement Enhance inst & technical capacities for adaptation Up-scaling and mainstreaming in annual (sectoral) development plans Guiding principles Building on what already exists Focus on poor & small holders Linking top down & bottom up perspectives linking DRR & CCA; action research Cross-sectoral livelihood perspective Source: FAO-LACC (2008) http://www.fao.org/forestry/47375/en/ Approach

10 GOOD PRACTICE Cuba, Grenada, Haiti and Jamaica GOOD PRACTICE Cuba, Grenada, Haiti and Jamaica Impact mitigation of climatic hazards in agriculture DRR integrated into sectoral planning in agriculture and DRR integrated into sectoral planning in agriculture and livestock sector livestock sector Pilot interventions at community level Pilot interventions at community level Knowledge exchange on DRR among countries Knowledge exchange on DRR among countries Documentation of good practices for local risk reduction in AG: Documentation of good practices for local risk reduction in AG: diversified cropping diversified cropping control soil erosion control soil erosion tree management tree management

11 GOOD PRACTICE - Indonesia: Building back better after the tsunami GOOD PRACTICE - Indonesia: Building back better after the tsunami Building capacities of local and provincial authorities as well as vulnerable fishing communities to jointly manage coastal fisheries in a sustainable way Building capacities of local and provincial authorities as well as vulnerable fishing communities to jointly manage coastal fisheries in a sustainable way Model of post-disaster rehabilitation and transition project – demonstrates how development practices can be applied in relief settings and emergency projects Model of post-disaster rehabilitation and transition project – demonstrates how development practices can be applied in relief settings and emergency projects Good practice for longer-term sustainable development in fisheries Good practice for longer-term sustainable development in fisheries

12 Lessons Food security perspective: DRR and CCA go together Address DRR/CCA within broader vulnerability context No single approach or practice: use option menus by AEZ; systematic documentation; farmers take only what benefits; framework conditions may change Push for doing better on known sustainable land and water management practices (no-regret) Cross-sectoral perspective is essential: need to better catalyze sectoral buy-in as partners in DRR/CCA Re-think the role of research: R&D linkages and extension services (for poor) as vehicles for DRR/CCA implementation


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