Presentation on theme: "DRM Working Group FAO Rome"— Presentation transcript:
1DRM Working Group FAO Rome DISASTER RISK REDUCTION, AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY: FAO GOOD PRACTICEDRM Working GroupFAO Rome
2Overview Context Food security and systems in the hazard context FAO and Climate Risk ManagementGood PracticeLessons
3CONTEXT Increasing populations/urbanization Increased demand for food and dietary convergenceLimited areas to enhance food productionMany hazard prone countries are LIFDCsClimate change
4FOOD SECURITYExists when all people at all times have physical or economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active healthy life.Four dimension of food security: Availability, Access, Stability and UtilizationThis is the definition of food security as agreed upon at the World Food Summit 1996 in Rome
5HAZARD IMPACTS ON FOOD SYSTEMS Food production lossesInfrastructure damageAsset lossesIncreased livelihood risksMore food emergenciesHealth risksThe climate impacts of disasters on food systems are various.The most immediate risks arise from triggered extreme events. They already affect food systems adversely, and require immediate response..Gradual changes in temperature and precipitation require different responses.
6How does FAO address DRR? Development & disaster riskreduction (DRR)EmergencyresponseperiodRecovery & RehabilitationNormal economic/social growth patternNormal economic/social growth patternOngoingdevelopmentactivitiesRisk assessmentMitigation/preventionWarning/ evacuationRecontructionSearch& rescuePreparednessEconomic/social recoveryRe-establish logistic routesRestoration of infrastructural servicesMajor hazard/disasterCoordinationFor Agriculture climate induced hazard and disasters are of paramount importance.We address the vulnerability of people to disasters within the ovweral context of food security and povertyFAO;s approach to DRR is build on the foundations that we areAddressing and linking all phases of risk management before, during and after extreme events, focusing particularly on hazard and hunger hotspotsLinking DRR and CCA and embedding both into sustainable development frameworkKey messagesLinking Short & long term perspectives: Climate risk management is more than managing extreme events; BUT in any caseDisaster Risk Management is the first line of risk coping and adaptive actionProvide ongoing assistanceEmergency initiativesDamage assessmentRecovery initiativesDRR initiativesMedia responseMainstreaming DRR into ongoing development processes
7FAO Technical Support Risk reducing technologies Sectoral policies and institutionsInfrastructure improvementClimate and weather informationEmergency response and rehabilitationLivelihoods support, promotion and diversificationnew crop varieties, farming systems or water management technologies, etcsparing use of water in drought times, reduce energy useimproved irrigation and/or forest fire management (water users association) etc.
8Policy and local support: DRR and adaptation in agriculture Local processes of risk reduction and adaptationPolicy-based measuresENHANCING CAPACITIESTECHNOLOGICALINSTITUTIONAL ANDBEHAVIOURALCREATING INCENTIVES FOR DRR and ADAPTATION AT FARM-LEVELDRR and ADAPTATION MEASURES IMPLEMENTED BY GOVERNMENTmodification of farm support services (e.g. seed supply systems for hazard resistant crops)payments for environmental services including soil carbon sequestration in AGmodification of crop insurance supportInvestments in public irrigation infrastructurePrograms & funding for research and extension on CCA (technology development/dissemination) etc.Key message: need to act on both levels (local processes plus policies) by institutionalizing support for CBDRM/CBA
9DRR/CAA Implementation Stakeholder Engagement ApproachAssess current vulnerability, risks and local livelihoods by agro-ecological zone/socioeconomic settingAssess future climate risks & overlay to currentStakeholder EngagementEnhance inst & technical capacities for adaptationIdentify, validate and test adaptation optionsDesign location-specific risk reduction strategiesUp-scaling and mainstreaming in annual (sectoral) development plansGuiding principlesBuilding on what already existsFocus on poor & small holdersLinking top down & bottom up perspectiveslinking DRR & CCA; action researchCross-sectoral livelihood perspectiveAEZ as basis to describe adaptation optionS and guide their replication; equally important is the diffentiation of vulnerable groups within AEZ’- adapttaion option differ by groups/WEALTH.Promoting local options Blending local & scientific knowledge - farmers and national research institutions as key partnersSource: FAO-LACC (2008)
10GOOD PRACTICE Cuba, Grenada, Haiti and Jamaica Impact mitigation of climatic hazards in agricultureDRR integrated into sectoral planning in agriculture andlivestock sectorPilot interventions at community levelKnowledge exchange on DRR among countriesDocumentation of good practices for local risk reduction in AG:diversified croppingcontrol soil erosiontree management
11GOOD PRACTICE - Indonesia: Building back better after the tsunami Building capacities of local and provincial authorities as well as vulnerable fishing communities to jointly manage coastal fisheries in a sustainable wayModel of post-disaster rehabilitation and transition project – demonstrates how development practices can be applied in relief settings and emergency projectsGood practice for longer-term sustainable development in fisheries
12Lessons Food security perspective: DRR and CCA go together Address DRR/CCA within broader vulnerability contextNo single approach or practice: use option menus by AEZ; systematic documentation; farmers take only what benefits; framework conditions may changePush for doing better on known sustainable land and water management practices (no-regret)Cross-sectoral perspective is essential: need to better catalyze sectoral buy-in as partners in DRR/CCARe-think the role of research: R&D linkages and extension services (for poor) as vehicles for DRR/CCA implementationembedded into ongoing poverty alleviation & development processes