Washington was elected President and began to create a Government. Judiciary Act of 1789 One of the first laws passed by the new Congress. Why? Created the Supreme Court 1 Chief Justice, 5 associates. Created Lower courts too.
Washington Creates the Cabinet Congress created 3 Departments State Treasury War The leaders of these departments are called the cabinet.
Hamiltons Economic plan Gave The Report on Public Credit 1.Hamilton wanted the federal government to assume state debts from the war. 2.He wanted to create a National Bank and get wealthy investors. They would then want America to succeed. CONTROVERSY- That isnt in the constitution!!! Strict vs. Loose interpretation of the Constitution The Elastic Clause (Necessary and Proper Clause)
In the end… Hamilton wins the Argument The bank is established. But in return the Federalists agreed to move the capital to the South. Washington D.C.
Washingtons Farewell I have already intimated to you the danger of parties in the State, with particular reference to the founding of them on geographical discriminations. Let me now take a more comprehensive view, and warn you in the most solemn manner against the baneful effects of the spirit of party generally.
Whiskey Rebellion How did it end differently than Shays rebellion?
France The U.S. had a treaty with France. (1778) When the French revolution became radical, there was a debate over whether we should still support France. Washington declared American Neutrality.
Securing Our Borders Pinckney Treaty The Jay Treaty
President Adams Sectionalism- Adams tried to avoid war in France. He sent delegates to Meet with a French official named Talleyrand. Three French officials demanded a bribe of $250,000 before they would talk. Called the XYZ affair As a result…
The Alien and Sedition Acts What were they? Who created them? How were they used?
The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions Who wrote them? What did they say?
Jefferson won the Election of 1800 The vice presidential candidate Aaron Burr got the same amount of votes and Congress was forced to decide the winner. Hamilton helped to get Jefferson elected. This led to a duel between the two.
Jefferson cond Jefferson tried to simplify government. Cut costs, reduced the size of the army and lower government expenses. Tried to weaken Hamiltons economic plan. This South begins to dominate American politics during this period.
Marbury v. Madison John Marshall was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. The story… Result- It established the principal of Judicial Review.
The Louisiana Purchase Napoleon decided to sell the Louisiana territory to the U.S. Two American officials agreed to buy it for $15 million. Jefferson was concerned that it was not constitutional, but he approved it, and sent it to the Senate for approval.