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Renaissance and Baroque Architecture Architectural History ACT 322 Doris Kemp.

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Presentation on theme: "Renaissance and Baroque Architecture Architectural History ACT 322 Doris Kemp."— Presentation transcript:

1 Renaissance and Baroque Architecture Architectural History ACT 322 Doris Kemp

2 Topics The Spread of Baroque Architecture The Spread of Baroque Architecture The Baroque of Central Europe The Baroque of Central Europe The Baroque of France The Baroque of France

3 The Spread of Baroque Architecture Guarino Guarini (1624 – 1683) Guarino Guarini (1624 – 1683) A designer whose buildings in Turin represented the northern extension of Baroque Rome A designer whose buildings in Turin represented the northern extension of Baroque Rome Important structures and work Important structures and work Chapel of the Holy Shroud, Turin Chapel of the Holy Shroud, Turin S. Lorenzo Turin S. Lorenzo Turin

4 The Spread of Baroque Architecture Chapel of the Holy Shroud, Turin Chapel of the Holy Shroud, Turin Added to the east end of the Cathedral of Turin Added to the east end of the Cathedral of Turin Built to house the Shroud of Turin Built to house the Shroud of Turin Some believe this to be the shroud of Christ Some believe this to be the shroud of Christ Circular plan Circular plan

5 The Spread of Baroque Architecture http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

6 S. Lorenzo, Turin S. Lorenzo, Turin Very geometrically complex structure Very geometrically complex structure Squares, octagons, a Greek cross, and circles are involved along with ovals Squares, octagons, a Greek cross, and circles are involved along with ovals The dome is not a solid structure but more of a series of ribbed structure with eight-interlacing arches The dome is not a solid structure but more of a series of ribbed structure with eight-interlacing arches

7 The Spread of Baroque Architecture http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

8 http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

9 The Baroque of Central Europe The artistic ideals of Baroque Italy soon spread north and eastward through Switzerland, Austria, and southern Germany The artistic ideals of Baroque Italy soon spread north and eastward through Switzerland, Austria, and southern Germany Italian influences merged with local tastes and traditions to create a version of Baroque unique to central Europe Italian influences merged with local tastes and traditions to create a version of Baroque unique to central Europe Important structures Important structures Abbey Church, Melk, Austria Abbey Church, Melk, Austria Abbey Church, St. Gallen Abbey Church, St. Gallen Wurzburg Residenz, Germany Wurzburg Residenz, Germany

10 The Baroque of Central Europe Abbey Church, Melk, Austria Abbey Church, Melk, Austria Set atop a rocky ridge rising 200-ft. above the Danube River Set atop a rocky ridge rising 200-ft. above the Danube River A monastery whose buildings are set in a horseshoe plan A monastery whose buildings are set in a horseshoe plan Features stunning depictions of the heavens in its décor and sculpture Features stunning depictions of the heavens in its décor and sculpture

11 The Baroque of Central Europe http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

12 http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

13 Abbey Church, St. Gallen Abbey Church, St. Gallen Features a rotunda space inserted into a longitudinal basilica Features a rotunda space inserted into a longitudinal basilica Accommodated the needs of pilgrims while still reserving the choir for monastic practices Accommodated the needs of pilgrims while still reserving the choir for monastic practices The present day church still preserves the double- ended apse of the original basilica The present day church still preserves the double- ended apse of the original basilica

14 The Baroque of Central Europe http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

15 Wurzburg Residenz, Germany Wurzburg Residenz, Germany The grandest of the Baroque residences The grandest of the Baroque residences Designed by johann Balthasar Neumann (1687 – 1753) Designed by johann Balthasar Neumann (1687 – 1753) Generally regarded as the master of the German Baroque Generally regarded as the master of the German Baroque Symmetrically disposed around a deep entrance court, with four interior courts dividing the side wings Symmetrically disposed around a deep entrance court, with four interior courts dividing the side wings

16 The Baroque of Central Europe http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

17 http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

18 The Baroque of France The French embraced Italian Baroque but infused their own culture into the style The French embraced Italian Baroque but infused their own culture into the style Muted the most elaborate excesses of the Roman Baroque Muted the most elaborate excesses of the Roman Baroque Wanted a more classical, refined style Wanted a more classical, refined style Key structures Key structures Le Vau, Lebrun, and Le Notre Chateau Le Vau, Lebrun, and Le Notre Chateau Le Vau, Le Notre, and Mansart Palace, Versailles Le Vau, Le Notre, and Mansart Palace, Versailles

19 The Baroque of France Le Vau, Lebrun, and Le Notre Chateau Le Vau, Lebrun, and Le Notre Chateau A grand chataeu designed by a trio of people A grand chataeu designed by a trio of people Le Vau, architect Le Vau, architect Charles Lebrun, painter Charles Lebrun, painter Andre Le Notre, landscaper Andre Le Notre, landscaper Built for Nicolas Fouquet Built for Nicolas Fouquet Attorney general for Louis XIV Attorney general for Louis XIV Was imprisoned three weeks after showing his home by the jealous Louis XIV Was imprisoned three weeks after showing his home by the jealous Louis XIV

20 The Baroque of France http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

21 http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

22 Le Vau, Le Notre, and Mansart Palace, Versailles Le Vau, Le Notre, and Mansart Palace, Versailles The main palace of royalty in France The main palace of royalty in France Designed by a trio of people Designed by a trio of people Le Vau, architect Le Vau, architect Le Notre, landscaper Le Notre, landscaper Mansart, oversaw the project Mansart, oversaw the project

23 The Baroque of France http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

24 http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

25 http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

26 http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html

27 References Sullivan, Mary; http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/ Sullivan, Mary; http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/ http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html Trachtenburg/Hyman; Architecture: From Prehistory to Postmodernity Trachtenburg/Hyman; Architecture: From Prehistory to Postmodernity Wodehouse/Moffett; A History of Western Architecture Wodehouse/Moffett; A History of Western Architecture

28 Renaissance and Baroque Architecture Architectural History ACT 322 Doris Kemp


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