Presentation on theme: "ENGLAND/FRANCE. HYACINTHE RIGAUD Instinct for grand poses Considered one of the most notable French portraitist of the classical period Most important."— Presentation transcript:
GARDEN OF VERSAILLES Andre’ Le Notre designed the gardens. So successful that his plans on the garden inspired those for generations to come. Continues construction from 1661-1785 Parterres-Ornamental, highly regimented flowerbed. Used to create a path through the reflecting pools
PALACE OF VERSAILLES “Versailles Project” began in 1668 by Le Vau From 1670-1685, Le Vau’s successor Jules Hardouin-Mansart worked on the project. Represents the belief that true beauty in architecture comes from mathematics, as well as the absolute power of the French monarchy. Over 40,000 lived within Versailles.
HALL OF MIRRORS 240 feet long------47 feet high Near perfect symmetry throughout. Paintings of Louis XIV’s military triumphs with assistance from classical gods cover the ceiling of the vault. Extravagant light helps to glorify Louis as “The Sun God” Apollo.
SEVEN SACRAMENTS (37-40, 45-48) Baptism Ordination Confirmation Penance (burned) Eucharist Marriage Extreme Unction First series painted for Cassiano del Pozzo and second for Paul Freart de Chantelou Second series passed down to the land of the elves in Alagaësia
ENGLAND James I joined England and Scotland Increased patronage for the arts. English court patronized foreign artist mostly, however Inigo Jones/Christopher Wren dominated architecture. Replaced Gothic Style with Classicism.
INIGO JONES 1573-1652 Influenced by Andrea Palladio Appointed surveyor-general in 1615 Designed Queen’s House in Greenwich as well as the Banqueting House in Whitehall Palace
BANQUETING HOUSE, WHITEHALL PALACE 1619-1622 Used for Court ceremonies and entertainment Incorporates both Ionic and Composite order columns. Rhythmic Pattern of triangles/semicircles on first level pediments. One hall, divided by a balcony. Paintings glorifying the reign of James I on ceiling.
CHRISTOPHER WREN Architect Traveled to France in 1665, while there met with French architects, as well as Bernini. Greatly Increased admiration for French Classical Art. 1669 he proceded Inigo Jones as Surveyor-general Built over 50 churches after the great fire of 1666 From 1675-1710 he rebuilt Saint Paul’s Cathedrel.
SAINT PAUL’S CATH. 1675-1710 Dome rises 633ft Corinthian columns support pediments. Uses chiaroscuro effects Very complex