Presentation on theme: "Carolingian and Ottonian Architecture Early Medieval to Carolingian Architecture Early medieval architecture was characterized by plain exteriors. Entrances."— Presentation transcript:
Early Medieval to Carolingian Architecture Early medieval architecture was characterized by plain exteriors. Entrances became increasingly impressive and elaborate in the Carolingian period and beyond. The elaborate entrances - westworks - set the tone for later Romanesque and Gothic facades.
Monasticism In a dangerous age, even monks lived in fortified communities.
Monasticism The abbey church and the cloisters were the centers of prayer. The work center of every monastery was the scriptoria, where manuscripts were written and copied.
The Palatine Chapel - Aachen During his trip to Rome, where he was crowned Holy Roman Emperor, Charlemagne was impressed by the Byzantine church of San Vitale. He had his own version of it built in his capital.
Charlemagne’s Palatine Chapel This is the best preserved Carolingian building. It was designed by Otto of Metz, based on the octagonal plan of San Vitale. It is a much more vertical space, however.
St. Michael, Hildesheim The church was designed by St. Bernward, the Bishop of Hildesheim. Interior space is divided up into chancels, transepts and apses, all based on equal squares. Towers also cover the crossings.
Ottonian Architecture St. Michael Hildesheim 1010-1033