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Gothic Architecture Architectural History ACT 322 Doris Kemp.

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Presentation on theme: "Gothic Architecture Architectural History ACT 322 Doris Kemp."— Presentation transcript:

1 Gothic Architecture Architectural History ACT 322 Doris Kemp

2 Topics Gothic Architecture in England Gothic Architecture in England Canterbury Cathedral Canterbury Cathedral Salisbury Cathedral Salisbury Cathedral Lincoln Cathedral Lincoln Cathedral King’s College, Cambridge King’s College, Cambridge Westminster Abbey Westminster Abbey

3 Gothic Architecture in England Although Gothic architecture originated in France, it spread throughout Europe Although Gothic architecture originated in France, it spread throughout Europe Became the predominant style through the 15 th century Became the predominant style through the 15 th century The English would soon form their own Gothic aesthetics The English would soon form their own Gothic aesthetics Within a century they had created Gothic churches that varied considerably from those in France Within a century they had created Gothic churches that varied considerably from those in France

4 Gothic Architecture in England Canterbury Cathedral Canterbury Cathedral First Gothic style church in England First Gothic style church in England The choir was originally intended to house England’s most popular shrine The choir was originally intended to house England’s most popular shrine Thomas Becket Thomas Becket Archbishop of Canterbury who was murdered by Henry VIII’s men Archbishop of Canterbury who was murdered by Henry VIII’s men Became a sacred pilgrimage site Became a sacred pilgrimage site Belief that miracles were performed at the tomb of St. Thomas Belief that miracles were performed at the tomb of St. Thomas

5 Gothic Architecture in England Photo: Sullivan

6 Gothic Architecture in England Photo: Sullivan

7 Gothic Architecture in England Photo: Sullivan

8 Gothic Architecture in England Salisbury Cathedral Salisbury Cathedral Presents the rare example of an English Gothic cathedral built almost entirely in homogenous style (purely English) Presents the rare example of an English Gothic cathedral built almost entirely in homogenous style (purely English) Begun in 1220 and finished by 1258 Begun in 1220 and finished by 1258 Incorporates features from monastic plans into a purely English long angular building Incorporates features from monastic plans into a purely English long angular building Features a tower rising some 404-ft and a spire providing vertical emphasis Features a tower rising some 404-ft and a spire providing vertical emphasis

9 Gothic Architecture in England Photo: Sullivan

10 Gothic Architecture in England Photo: Sullivan

11 Gothic Architecture in England Photo: Sullivan

12 Gothic Architecture in England Lincoln Cathedral Lincoln Cathedral Had a more complicated building history Had a more complicated building history Originally a Norman church that was destroyed by an earthquake in 1185 Originally a Norman church that was destroyed by an earthquake in 1185 The original survives only in lower portions of the western front The original survives only in lower portions of the western front Rebuilding began in 1192 and was completed in 1280 Rebuilding began in 1192 and was completed in 1280 The Angel Choir The Angel Choir Wealth of elaborate trim in the form of Purbeck marble shafts, stiff-leaf capitols, and sculpted angels Wealth of elaborate trim in the form of Purbeck marble shafts, stiff-leaf capitols, and sculpted angels

13 Gothic Architecture in England Photo: Sullivan

14 Gothic Architecture in England Photo: Sullivan

15 Gothic Architecture in England Photo: Sullivan

16 Gothic Architecture in England Wells Cathedral Wells Cathedral Widely regarded as one of the finest English cathedrals Widely regarded as one of the finest English cathedrals Also one of the first English Gothic buildings Also one of the first English Gothic buildings Dates back to at least 1186 and possibly a decade earlier Dates back to at least 1186 and possibly a decade earlier To strengthen the lower piers, scissor-shaped arches were built in 1338 To strengthen the lower piers, scissor-shaped arches were built in 1338 Modest structure Modest structure Vaults are only 67-ft high Vaults are only 67-ft high

17 Gothic Architecture in England Photo: Sullivan

18 Gothic Architecture in England Photo: Sullivan

19 Gothic Architecture in England Photo: Sullivan

20 Gothic Architecture in England Cathedral Chapterhouse, Southwell Cathedral Chapterhouse, Southwell Contains some of the finest carvings of the English Gothic period Contains some of the finest carvings of the English Gothic period Built around 1290 Built around 1290 Plants from the surrounding countryside were used as a model for much of the decorative work Plants from the surrounding countryside were used as a model for much of the decorative work

21 Gothic Architecture in England Photo: Sullivan

22 Gothic Architecture in England Ely Cathedral Ely Cathedral Large scale structure built of timber Large scale structure built of timber One of the few Christian churches in existence were Christ is depicted without a beard One of the few Christian churches in existence were Christ is depicted without a beard In 1322, due to structural problems, the tower was replaced with a wooden lantern In 1322, due to structural problems, the tower was replaced with a wooden lantern Increased the lighting and usable space at the heights Increased the lighting and usable space at the heights

23 Gothic Architecture in England Photo: Sullivan

24 Gothic Architecture in England King’s College, Cambridge King’s College, Cambridge Began about 1446 and finished 1515 Began about 1446 and finished 1515 Built in a time were the sermon served as an important part of church service Built in a time were the sermon served as an important part of church service Built on a simpler plan and smaller area to reduce reverberation time so that speech could be understood Built on a simpler plan and smaller area to reduce reverberation time so that speech could be understood Basically rectangular in plan Basically rectangular in plan Features perpendicular tracery in the large windows and majestic fan vaults overhead Features perpendicular tracery in the large windows and majestic fan vaults overhead

25 Gothic Architecture in England King’s College, Cambridge King’s College, Cambridge The ornate organ loft atop the choir divides the space into two parts The ornate organ loft atop the choir divides the space into two parts One for townspeople One for townspeople One for students One for students Similar style to the High Renaissance Period in Northern Italy Similar style to the High Renaissance Period in Northern Italy

26 Gothic Architecture in England Photo: Sullivan

27 Gothic Architecture in England Photo: Sullivan

28 Gothic Architecture in England Photo: Sullivan

29 Gothic Architecture in England Westminster Abbey Westminster Abbey Building begun in 1245 Building begun in 1245 Located in London Located in London Photo: Sullivan

30 Gothic Architecture in England Photo: Sullivan

31 Gothic Architecture in England Photo: Sullivan

32 Gothic Architecture in England Photo: Sullivan

33 References Sullivan, Mary; Sullivan, Mary; Trachtenburg/Hyman; Architecture: From Prehistory to Postmodernity Trachtenburg/Hyman; Architecture: From Prehistory to Postmodernity Wodehouse/Moffett; A History of Western Architecture Wodehouse/Moffett; A History of Western Architecture

34 Gothic Architecture Architectural History ACT 322 Doris Kemp


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