2 The RenaissanceThis time period was known as a “rebirth” of human creativity.Period of world exploration: Columbus, de Gama, and MagellanRise of individualism and artLeonardo da Vinci and MichelangeloCulture modeled after ancient Greece and Rome
4 Musical Changes in the Renaissance Every educated person was trained in musicChurch choirs grew in sizeMusical activity shifted from churches to courtsComposers began receiving credit for their work
5 Characteristics of Renaissance Music: Texture Mostly polyphonic in nature (multiple melodies of equal importance)Richer harmonies than in the Middle AgesThis period is known as the “Golden Age of A’Capella” (unaccompanied choral music)
6 Sacred Music in the Renaissance Two main forms are the motet and the mass.Mass- choral work set to a specific text called the “ordinary:”Motet- choral work set to any sacred Latin text other than the mass text.1. Kyrie 2. Gloria 3. Credo 4. Sanctus 5. Agnus Dei
7 Ave Maria... Virgo Serena Four-voice motet by Josquin Desprez Varied texture based on how many voices are singing at once.
8 Giovanni Palestrina and the Mass Held several important church music jobsWrote 104 masses and over 450 other sacred choral worksThe simplicity and beauty of his works reflected the church’s desire to be able to focus on the words and not overly ornate singing.
9 Pope Marcellus Mass: Kyrie Palestrina’s most famous massFor six-voice a capella choirAs you listen, focus on the simplicity of the music that enables the words to be heard.
10 Secular Vocal Music in the Renaissance An important form was the madrigal, a piece for several voices set to a short poem.Uses word painting and unusual harmoniesOften about love
11 As Vesta Was From Latmos Hill Descending… 1601 madrigal by Thomas WeelkesWritten to honor Queen Elizabeth I, known as “Oriana.”Listen for word painting, such as:downward motion on “descending.”Voices moving downward on “running down”2 voices on “two by two,” 3 voices on “three by three”, etcOne voice on “all alone”
12 Instrumental Music Instrumental music was gaining importance Most instrumental music was intended for court dancingVery formal, for etiquette and socializationThere was no standardized orchestra- people used what instruments were available.
13 Basse Danse and Branle Gay Two Renaissance dancesListen to the sounds of the instrumentsBoth in triple meterThe first is slow, the second quicker
14 Passamezzo and Galliard 1612 Renaissance Dances by Pierre CaroubelPassamezzo was a stately dance in duple meter (two beats to a measure)Galliard is a quicker dance in triple meter