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Ancient Egyptians OBJECTIVE: Analyze the cultural achievements of the Ancient Egyptians.

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Presentation on theme: "Ancient Egyptians OBJECTIVE: Analyze the cultural achievements of the Ancient Egyptians."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ancient Egyptians OBJECTIVE: Analyze the cultural achievements of the Ancient Egyptians.

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3 Environment Nile River –flows north –longest in world –flooding provides silt predictable –farming wheat barley –irrigation –travel & trade

4 Environment Nile River –worshipped by Egyptians as god who gave them life East – land of living –sunrise –cities, temples West – land of dead –sunset –tombs

5 Environment Deserts –lack of rain –Arabian east of Nile –Libyan west of Nile –both are part of Sahara –Villages & cities built along Nile River first farming villages about 5000 BCE

6 Quick Write What are some geographical similarities between Egypt and Mesopotamia?

7 Egypt Unites Menes (Narmer) –King who united Upper & Lower Egypt into one kingdom –Double crown around 3000 BCE –Capital at Memphis Deshret of Lower EgyptHedjet of Upper Egypt Pschent

8 Ptolemy VI

9 Pharaohs: God Kings Theocracy –government in which rule is based on religious authority Pharaohs –fully responsible for kingdom religion military run government promote justice & truth –believed to make sun rise

10 Pharaohs: God Kings Ka –eternal life force of king –continued after death –needs & pleasures must continue to be met

11 Pharaohs: God Kings Pyramids –final resting place –represent economic strength, technology & leadership of Egyptian civilization

12 Religion Polytheistic –more than 2000 gods & goddesses –believed in afterlife Anubis –weighed each dead persons heart all classes prepared for burials upper classes had great tombs –filled with clothes, gems, tools, art

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14 Ancient Egyptians Part II OBJECTIVE: Analyze the cultural achievements of the Ancient Egyptians.

15 Pyramids built by peasants Giza –completed about 2556 BCE

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17 Pyramid of Khufu an almost perfect square (deviation.05%) Orientation is exactly North, South, East, West 2,300,000 blocks, almost 500 ft high 20 years to build Average block weighs 2.5 tons –Some weigh 9 tons!

18 Social Classes 1.king, queen, family 2.wealthy landowners, govt officials, priests, army commanders 3.artisans & merchants 4.peasant farmers & laborers –largest 5.slaves from war

19 Writing Hieroglyphics –sacred carving –started with pictures –grew to resemble an alphabet –first on stone & clay later papyrus

20 Writing The Rosetta Stone –discovered by Napoleons troops 1799

21 Calendar Features: –365 days –12 months –30 days each –5 holidays –tracked: flooding planting harvesting

22 Artwork

23 Art

24 History Old Kingdom – BCE –ends with decline of pharaohs influence civil wars

25 History Middle Kingdom – BCE –strong pharaohs restored order –improved irrigation, trade, transportation with canal from Nile to Red Sea –Hyksos invade from Palestine rule from BCE

26 History New Kingdom – BCE –Ahmose I expelled the invading Hyksos and reunited Egypt –Known as the Empire period

27 History New Kingdom –Militaristic & imperialistic nature –incorporated chariot, bronze, horses –development of a professional army –became a slave based economy fueled by war and expansion

28 History Ramses II – BCE –greatest New Kingdom ruler –military leader of Egypt –expanded into southern Turkey –built many monuments to himself –last gasp of Egyptian power

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