9 Pharaohs: God Kings Theocracy Pharaohs government in which rule is based on religious authorityPharaohsfully responsible for kingdomreligionmilitaryrun governmentpromote justice & truthbelieved to make sun rise
10 Pharaohs: God Kings Ka eternal life force of king continued after deathneeds & pleasures must continue to be met
11 Pharaohs: God Kings Pyramids final resting place represent economic strength, technology & leadership of Egyptian civilization
12 Religion Polytheistic more than 2000 gods & goddesses believed in afterlifeAnubisweighed each dead person’s heartall classes prepared for burialsupper classes had great tombsfilled with clothes, gems, tools, art
17 Pyramid of Khufu an almost perfect square (deviation .05%) Orientation is exactly North, South, East, West2,300,000 blocks, almost 500 ft high20 years to buildAverage block weighs 2.5 tonsSome weigh 9 tons!
18 Social Classes king, queen, family wealthy landowners, gov’t officials, priests, army commandersartisans & merchantspeasant farmers & laborerslargestslaves from war
19 Writing Hieroglyphics “sacred carving” started with pictures grew to resemble an alphabetfirst on stone & claylater papyrus
20 WritingThe Rosetta Stonediscovered by Napoleon’s troops1799
21 Calendar Features: 365 days 12 months 30 days each 5 holidays tracked: floodingplantingharvesting
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