6 Environmental Challenges Egyptian farmers more fortunate than SumerianNile was regular unlike Tigris and EuphratesHowever, other risks:Lower water level= less silt= less crops= starvationHigher water level= destruction of houses, granaries and seeds plantedDeserts on sides= less farmable/livable land and less interaction w/ other people
7 Upper and Lower EgyptUpper Egypt- river area in the south from First Cataract to point where river branches outElevation is higherCataract – churning rapids
8 Lower Egypt- to the north near the Mediterranean Sea. Delta region- broad, marshy, triangular area of land formed by deposits of silt at the mouth of the river.
9 3200 BC Villages of Egypt were under the rule of 2 separate kingdoms ~Lower and upperEventually they united – unsure who did it though?
10 Egypt Unites into a Kingdom Conflicting evidenceKing Scorpion orKing Narmer (more evidence)King of Lower EgyptRed crownKing of Upper Egyptwhite crownNarmer created a double crownSymbolized a unified kingdomAround 3000 B.C.
12 Pharaohs Rule as Gods In Egypt, kings were Gods Pharaohs Center of religion, govt., and army –almost as powerful as the gods.Caused the sun to rise, the Nile to floodTheocracyrule based on religious authority
13 Pyramids King ruled even after death Ka- eternal life forceReigned foreverTombs in pyramids – needed a very important resting placePyramids represented strength of EgyptiansEconomic strength, tech. meansLeadership and govt. organization
14 Pyramids at Giza – each block about 2 ½ tons – some 15 2 million blocks stacked made one pyramid
15 Egyptians polytheistic – Re- the sun godOsiris – god of the deadIsis – the most important! Mother and wife god2000 godsMummification – For Royal Egyptians
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