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Pyramids on the Nile. Egypt Unlike Sumerian culture – Egypt had one united Kingdom No city states which created a stable environment for over 3000 years.

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Presentation on theme: "Pyramids on the Nile. Egypt Unlike Sumerian culture – Egypt had one united Kingdom No city states which created a stable environment for over 3000 years."— Presentation transcript:

1 Pyramids on the Nile

2 Egypt Unlike Sumerian culture – Egypt had one united Kingdom No city states which created a stable environment for over 3000 years

3 Geography of Egypt Nile River- 4,100 miles long- longest river in world Settlements arose along the Nile 7000 B.C. Land made fertile by flooding of river Black Land (fertile) vs. Red Land (desert)

4 The Gift of the Nile Rain and melting snow caused the Nile to flood (July) When it receded it left silt (October) Water highway- unified villages and promoted trade Nile was a god to Egyptians Gave life

5

6 Environmental Challenges Egyptian farmers more fortunate than Sumerian Nile was regular unlike Tigris and Euphrates However, other risks: Lower water level= less silt= less crops= starvation Higher water level= destruction of houses, granaries and seeds planted Deserts on sides= less farmable/livable land and less interaction w/ other people

7 Upper and Lower Egypt Upper Egypt- river area in the south from First Cataract to point where river branches out Elevation is higher Cataract – churning rapids

8 Lower Egypt- to the north near the Mediterranean Sea. Delta region- broad, marshy, triangular area of land formed by deposits of silt at the mouth of the river.Delta region-

9 3200 BC Villages of Egypt were under the rule of 2 separate kingdoms ~Lower and upper Eventually they united – unsure who did it though?

10 Egypt Unites into a Kingdom Conflicting evidence King Scorpion or King Narmer (more evidence) King of Lower Egypt Red crown King of Upper Egypt white crown Narmer created a double crown Symbolized a unified kingdom Around 3000 B.C.

11 Narmer made his capital city Memphis

12 Pharaohs Rule as Gods In Egypt, kings were Gods Pharaohs Center of religion, govt., and army – almost as powerful as the gods. Caused the sun to rise, the Nile to flood Theocracy rule based on religious authority

13 Pyramids King ruled even after death Ka- eternal life force Reigned forever Tombs in pyramids – needed a very important resting place Pyramids represented strength of Egyptians Economic strength, tech. means Leadership and govt. organization

14 Pyramids at Giza – each block about 2 ½ tons – some 15 2 million blocks stacked made one pyramid

15 Egyptians polytheistic – Re- the sun god Osiris – god of the dead Isis – the most important! Mother and wife god 2000 gods Mummification – For Royal Egyptians

16 Society

17 Science and Technology Calendar – came up with 365 ¼ days in a year System of written numbers Assess and collect taxes Geometry Architecture Medicine Pulse Splints surgery


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