2 Mediterranean Sea Nile Delta Lower Egypt Libyan Desert Nile River Sinai PeninsulaNile RiverNubian DesertThe Red SeaUpper Egypt
3 Found by Napoleon's army in 1799 The Rosetta StoneFound by Napoleon's army in 1799The Rosetta Stone had the same message written in hieroglyphics, demotic, and Greek.
4 PharaohNobles and PriestsScribesCraftsmen and MerchantsPeasantsSlaves
5 Ancient Egypt Experienced Three Time Periods : The Old Kingdom2700 BC BCThe Middle Kingdom2050 BC BCThe New Kingdom1550 BC BC
6 The Old Kingdom (2700-2200BC) Monarchy Menes This was the Pyramid Age. (Over 80 were built)The ruler was called the Pharaoh (King). This form of government is called aMonarchyThe Pharaoh was considered a god. A nation ruled by the religious leaders is called aTheocracyAgricultureThe basis of the economy wasThe Main crops wereWheat & BarleyThere were few slaves in this kingdom since there were few wars.Capital city:MemphisMenesThe ruler who united Egypt:
7 Why did the Pharaoh wear a double crown? To represent that the Pharaoh was ruler of both the Upper & Lower Kingdoms.
8 The Middle Kingdom (2050-1800BC) Faced many problems:Nile did not flood as muchFood shortagesRebellionsInvasionsThey were invaded by the Hyksos from Asia. The Hyksos had a weapon the Egyptians lacked,The Chariot
9 The New Kingdom (1550-1100BC) Thebes King Tutankhamen (Tut) Ramses II Used chariots to become stronger.Conquered Nubia, Palestine, and Syria.Began to use captives as slaves.ThebesCapital city:Two famous rulers from this period:King Tutankhamen (Tut)Ramses II
10 The Great Pyramids at Giza What was the purpose of the pyramids?They were tombs of the Pharaohs.
11 The pyramid of Zoser, also known as the step pyramid.
12 The great pyramid of Cheops. It is 484 feet high and had 2 The great pyramid of Cheops. It is 484 feet high and had 2.3 million blocks of stone each weighing over 2 tons. The base covers 13 acres.
16 If the Egyptians had many gods, what kind of religion did they have? Sobek- crocodile headed god Kheper- god of rising sun Maat- Goddess of truthof the Nile and justicePolytheisticOsiris- god of the dead Isis- wife of Osiris, Amon-Re- the sun god.protector of children