Presentation on theme: "Chapter 23 Section A French Revolution The Old Regime Old Regime – System of feudalism, in France, Left over from the Middle Ages First Estate Made-up."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 23 Section A French Revolution The Old Regime Old Regime – System of feudalism, in France, Left over from the Middle Ages First Estate Made-up of the Roman Catholic Church They Scorned the Enlightenment
French Revolution Second Estate Made-up of rich nobles Held offices in government Disagreed about Enlightenment ideas
French Revolution Third Estate Included the bourgeoisie, urban lower class, and peasant farmer Had no power to influence government Embraced Enlightenment ideas Peasants formed the largest group within the Third Estate (80%) Paid the highest taxes within the Old Regime
French Revolution The Forces of Change Enlightenment ideas of “equality, liberty and democracy” Economic woes: 1.High Taxes 2.Rising cost of living 3.Crop failures due to bad weather caused a shortage of grain 4.Louis XVI’s excessive spending
French Revolution Weak Leader 1.King was indecisive 2.Unpopular queen (Marie Antoinette) because she was Austrian, nicknamed Madame Deficit 3.Louis attempts to tax the aristocracy and is forced to call a meeting of the Estates- General
French Revolution Revolution Dawns First and Second Estates could always out vote the Third Estate National Assembly Bourgeoisie wants all Estates to meet in the same hall and ALL delegated to have one vote King upholds Medieval Rules National Assembly (Third Estate) passes laws and reforms in the name of the French People National Assembly in effect proclaims the end of absolute monarchy and the beginning of representative government in France. This is the first act of revolution.
French Revolution Locked out of their meeting hall they met at an indoor tennis court and pledge to stay until they had drawn up a new constitution Rumors of foreign troop coming to massacre French citizens cause a mob to storm the Bastille (July 14, 1789) GREAT FEAR – Attack against the nobility. Women rioted over the price of bread, and captured Louis XVI and his family