Presentation on theme: "Dr. Anna Kajumulo Tibaijuka"— Presentation transcript:
1 Dr. Anna Kajumulo Tibaijuka SUSTAINABLE URBANIZATION: THE CHALLENGE OF RAPID AND CHAOTIC URBANIZATION IN THE FACE OF CLIMATE CHANGETAKING ACTION ON TH E CAUSES OF URBAN CHAOS AND THE DIVIDED CITYByDr. Anna Kajumulo TibaijukaUnder-Seceretary-General of United NationsExecutive Director of UN-HABITATDirector General of the United Nations Office at Nairobi
2 The Challenge: Rapid and Chaotic Urbanization GLOBAL POPULATION RURAL/URBANRURAL63%URBAN37%RURAL53%URBAN47%RURAL40%URBAN60%Currently, rigorous transformations on the urban landscape are occurring basically all over the word. This planet is no longer a rural planet. Today more than half of mankind lives in cities or in urban conglomerations.The urbanisation trend is remarkably strong and every day the population of a city like Helsingborg or Bergen is added to the urban list. Globally, approximately 150,000 people become new urban citizens every day. Most of these are not migrants, but are born in the city.So 30 years ago every third person was urban, now every second and in only 30 years, two-thirds will be urban. This is the largest demographic change in the history of humankind, and that is not an overstatement.The urbanisation is not uniform. Urbanisation in Europe and much of the Americas is already fact, whereas Africa and large tracts of Asia are still predominantly rural. But not for long, as urbaisation increase can be measured to be 5 -6 % a year, wheras rural growth has come to a stand-still.We don't know how to deal with it. It has never happened before. We need to invent the urban future, its concept, human relations, and its environmental systems. "Business as usual" will not be good enough.1970200020302
3 The Challenge: Rapid Growth of Slums Population of The World87Billion people65432The 2-3 billion people that are going to become urban over the coming 20 years, the slum dwellers out of them will increase from 1 billion – we have 1 billion slum dwellers today – ito some 1.4 billion with "business as usual", in 20 years. That is an increase of slum population corresponding to a Växjö a day.The governments of the world have committed themselves to reduce this increase speed, maybe to reduce it or keep it at the 1 billion level in 20 years, and that means we add another 800 million to the modern sector of the future cities. So if we are successful in reducing the growth of slums, we will have to deal with an unprecedented urban planning and construction boom.1185019001950200020202050YearRural populationUrban populationUrban slum populationREF: UN-HABITAT, Global Urban Observatory3
4 Total Number of the World’s Slum Dwellers: Distribution of Slum Population by Region (2001)
5 Slum Dwellers as a percentage of the Urban Population: By Region (2001)
6 The Rising Incidence of Disasters The number of recorded natural and human-made disaster events has increased dramatically in recent decades with much of this rise taking place in developing parts of the world, especially Asia and Africa.Cities are particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, as this is where much of the population growth over the next two decades will take place. Moreover, cities and human settlements continue to expand in coastal locations exposed to extreme weather related disasters.Within cities, slum dwellers are especially vulnerable to disasters as most live in more accessible (cheaper) yet hazardous locations in cities such as industrial waste sites, floodplains, riverbanks and steep slopes. Income generation is a more immediate concern for the urban poor than disaster risk as they chose to live in hazardous locations in order to access livelihood opportunities.
12 UN-HABITAT’s strategy Short term –Slum upgradingLong term –Sustainable urban planningMDGMedium term –Pro-poor serviced land
13 MDG UN-HABITAT’s Strategy on Sustainable Urbanization Investments Adequate ShelterWomen’s inheritance/ownershipAG on forced evictionsCites Without Slums ProgramTenure/property/rental rightsLand Donor CoordinationLegal reformMDGInvestmentsSUF - The Slum Upgrading FacilityUrban GovernanceCreditsEconomicsUrban Water & SanitationUrban EnvironmentUrban SafetySustainable ReliefHIV/AIDSDesigned to link normativequalities to large-scaleurban investmentsTraining of LA’s
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