5 More developed regions 7% Less developed regions 93% PERCENTAGE GROWTH OF URBAN POPULATION BY REGION (2005-2020) URBAN POPULATION BY REGION (2005) More developed regions 29% Less developed regions 71%
6 WHAT IS UN-HABITAT? Programme of the United Nations, based in Nairobi 300 staff based at headquarters in Nairobi 2,200 active in field projects
7 WHAT WE DO We advocate for Sustainable Urban Development
8 WHAT WE DO: Sustainable… Sustainability addresses environmental factors dealing with Cities and climate change Greening the urban economy Decrease energy intensity in cities (Energy consumption per unit of GDP) OIL PRICE FLUCTUATION 1861-2011 (Brent prices)
9 WHAT WE DO: Urban… This is the political dimension concerned with; Basic urban services and infrastructure Common goods – public spaces, streets Planning in advance, at scale, by phases, and prioritizing public space. Institutions and legislation
10 WHAT WE DO: Development Urban economic growth and prosperity Local economic development and decent jobs Sound urban finance
12 ANNUAL BUDGET BUDGET BY KEY ELEMENTS IN USD’MILLION (2009)
13 CURRENT AREAS OF WORK (1) 1.Urban Reconstruction. Field projects (USD 60.8m p.a) 2.Slum Prevention and Upgrading (USD 36m p.a) UN-HABITAT is the focal point for the Millennium Development Goal of for improving the lives of 100 million slum dwellers
14 CURRENT AREAS OF WORK (2) 3.Water Supply and Sanitation (USD 33.4m p.a) UN-HABITAT is a key agency for implementation the Millennium Development Goal on Water and Sanitation. Funding is channelled through the Water Supply and Sanitation Trust Fund Lake Victoria Mekong River Latin America
15 CURRENT AREAS OF WORK (3) 4.Research (USD 13.7m p.a) Flagship Publications – State of the Worlds Cities Report and Global Report on Human Settlements Global Urban Observatory – collection of key data on urban trends 5.Urban Planning and Housing (USD 8.4m p.a) Housing Policy Advocacy Against Forced Evictions 6.Urban Land Legislation and Management (USD 5.6m p.a) UN-HABITAT has pioneered a Global Land Tools Network working on innovative concepts
16 THE FUTURE OF UN-HABITAT New Urban Planning Basic Urban Services and Infrastructure Urban Economy Institution Building and Good Urban Governance Post Conflict and Post Crisis Reconstruction
17 THE FUTURE OF UN-HABITAT New Urban Planning Planning in advance of population growth. Planning at scale Provision of public space. Priority to the street. Planning in phases. Pragmatic and evolutionary.
18 THE FUTURE OF UN-HABITAT Basic Urban Services and Infrastructure These are the building blocks of the two Millennium Development Goals on water supply and sanitation and improving living conditions in slums. Public transport and improved urban mobility Increased energy efficiency - decreasing the demand for mobility is key. Improved telecommunications and connectivity provides for increased urban efficiency and improved environment.
19 THE FUTURE OF UN-HABITAT Urban Economy Urban economic development is the driver of national economic growth. Supporting cities and towns in the creation of decent jobs Urban economic development to encompass city regions and development corridors Promoting industrial growth in the developing world Encouraging sustainable and transparent municipal finance systems to provide urban services and infrastructure.
20 THE FUTURE OF UN-HABITAT Institution Building and Good Urban Governance Creation of global knowledge base concerning urban legislation. Advising cities and building capacity on appropriate legislative frameworks. Sound land administration is key to institution building and urban governance – importance of the Global Land Tool Network.
21 THE FUTURE OF UN-HABITAT Post Conflict and Post Crisis Reconstruction Urban areas are increasingly the locus of natural disasters and conflicts Crisis prevention and mitigation approaches will be researched, tested and disseminated. Recorded disaster events and world urban population (1950–2006)
22 THE FUTURE OF UN-HABITAT Post Conflict and Post Crisis Reconstruction UN-HABITAT will be present from the earliest onset of crises to ensure sound policy foundation for later reconstruction. Reconstruction activities focusing on integrated urban planning and people’s participation. Crises are an opportunity for improved community and building back better.