Presentation on theme: "UNDP RBA MDG-Based National Development Planning Workshop MDG-Based Urban Development Strategy Gonzalo Pizarro UN Millennium Project February 27-March."— Presentation transcript:
UNDP RBA MDG-Based National Development Planning Workshop MDG-Based Urban Development Strategy Gonzalo Pizarro UN Millennium Project February 27-March 3, 2006
2 Introduction The urban development investment cluster includes interventions that are crucial for: slum upgrading and providing alternatives to the formation of new slums urban infrastructure urban services creating a productive urban environment and fostering private sector development
3 Key Actors local authorities organizations of the urban poor private sector (formal and informal) central government district/state/provincial authorities line ministries
4 Slum Upgrading and Alternatives to Slum Formation Interventions: Provision of land where necessary & land management systems. New housing. Development of new settlement areas. Global Targets: Improve the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers by 2020 Provide alternatives to the formation of new slums and stop the growth of slums by 2006
5 Urban Infrastructure Water Supply and Sanitation Interventions: Infrastructure for water supply, including trunk infrastructure and water treatment. Private sanitation facilities and public sewers, including emptying of pits and safe disposal of sullage. Public education on water, waste, sanitation and hygiene Storm drainage infrastructure Targets: Halve proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water by Halve the proportion of people without sustainable access to basic sanitation by 2015, aiming for an end to the practice of open defecation. Provide adequate storm water drainage by 2015.
6 Urban Infrastructure Energy Interventions: Modern cooking fuels and modern cooking devices Electrification with a priority on schools and health facilities Bill collection and monitoring Targets: By 2008, ensure reliable access to electricity to all schools and health centers. By 2015, ensure reliable access to modern energy services (including electricity services and improved fuels and devices) to all households
7 Urban Infrastructure Transport Interventions: Infrastructure for mass transport Roads and footpaths, including curbing, streetlights, and other interventions to improve both road and pedestrian safety Transport services for emergency health care and other critical social services. Possible Targets: By 2015 connect all settlements by paved roads and footpaths. By 2015 reach all settlements with reliable means of mass transit. Adequate transport services to access emergency health care during for childbirth complications
8 Urban Infrastructure Resource Needs Key Points In comparison to rural areas: –Higher emphasis on networked infrastructure (e.g. electricity and sewers) –Higher ability to pay among users requiring – among other – improved financial services Include costs of trunk infrastructure Include resources needed to facilitate cost-recovery where appropriate (staff, financing mechanisms, infrastructure) Scope for cost-recovery and co-financing should be defined in light of TOTAL household needs Needs assessment tools available for domestic water supply, sanitation, energy, and slum upgrading.