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Global Perspectives on Richard Clifford, Ivo Imparato & André Herzog The World Bank Group Informal Settlements Affordable Housing and Housing Finance Conference.

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Presentation on theme: "Global Perspectives on Richard Clifford, Ivo Imparato & André Herzog The World Bank Group Informal Settlements Affordable Housing and Housing Finance Conference."— Presentation transcript:

1 Global Perspectives on Richard Clifford, Ivo Imparato & André Herzog The World Bank Group Informal Settlements Affordable Housing and Housing Finance Conference New Delhi, January 27, 2010 Affordable Housing and Housing Finance Conference New Delhi, January 27, 2010

2 Port-au-Prince, Haiti URGENCE TO ADDRESS A GLOBAL CRISIS

3 Population World Population in Billions Rural Urban Slums Urban Other Total Population Urban Population Source: ONU-Habitat Urbanization and slum growth

4 Urban Share of Total Poor ($2/day poverty line) Percent EAPECALACSARMNASSA 60 Source: Ravallion, Chen, and Sangraula, 2008 and World Bank World Development Indicators Poverty is urbanizing

5 Nairobi, Kenya Africa: 62% of urban residents in slums

6 Percentage EAPECALACSARMNASSA Share of urban population with access to improved sanitation(%) Access to sanitation in cities Source: World Development Indicators, 2008

7 Kibera, Kenya Africas largest slum in Nairobi, Kenya

8 BAD POLICIES MAKE THINGS WORSE

9 OVERVIEW OF FAILED POLICIES The Rural Bias The Policy of Doing-Nothing Failure of Forced Eviction and Relocation The Affordability Trap

10 Eviction Every year 5 million people suffer this cruel fate - Center on Housing Rights and Evictions (Switzerland)

11 After Before May 2005 Operation Murambatsvina - Zimbabwe

12 Alagados, Bahia, Brazil A lack of viable alternatives

13 Alagados, Bahia, Brazil One of the worlds largest slums on water

14 We have learned many lessons

15 Bangkok, Thailand Ingenuity in the face of hardship

16 $ Billions World Bank Urban Financing Other Urban Projects Urban Poverty & Slum Upgrading

17 17 Impact Bahia Urban Development Project Commitment needs to be multi-year and on-budget

18 Resident participation is key to impact and sustainability Mauritania Urban Development Program

19 Dar es Salaam Community Infrastructure Project No one-size-fits-all: knowledge of local reality is essential

20 World Bank Urban and Local Government Unit World Bank Institute Slum Upgrading Sourcebook Cities Alliance UN-HABITAT Slum/Shack Dwellers International Resources for further learning

21 Thank you!


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