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Global Perspectives on Richard Clifford, Ivo Imparato & André Herzog The World Bank Group Informal Settlements Affordable Housing and Housing Finance Conference.

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Presentation on theme: "Global Perspectives on Richard Clifford, Ivo Imparato & André Herzog The World Bank Group Informal Settlements Affordable Housing and Housing Finance Conference."— Presentation transcript:

1 Global Perspectives on Richard Clifford, Ivo Imparato & André Herzog The World Bank Group Informal Settlements Affordable Housing and Housing Finance Conference New Delhi, January 27, 2010 Affordable Housing and Housing Finance Conference New Delhi, January 27, 2010

2 Port-au-Prince, Haiti URGENCE TO ADDRESS A GLOBAL CRISIS

3 Population World Population in Billions 9 5 7 4 3 2 1 0 6 8 180018501900195020002050 Rural Urban Slums Urban Other Total Population Urban Population Source: ONU-Habitat Urbanization and slum growth

4 Urban Share of Total Poor ($2/day poverty line) Percent 50 30 40 20 10 0 EAPECALACSARMNASSA 60 Source: Ravallion, Chen, and Sangraula, 2008 and World Bank World Development Indicators 1993 1996 1999 2002 Poverty is urbanizing

5 Nairobi, Kenya Africa: 62% of urban residents in slums

6 Percentage 75 100 50 25 0 EAPECALACSARMNASSA Share of urban population with access to improved sanitation(%) Access to sanitation in cities Source: World Development Indicators, 2008

7 Kibera, Kenya Africas largest slum in Nairobi, Kenya

8 BAD POLICIES MAKE THINGS WORSE

9 OVERVIEW OF FAILED POLICIES The Rural Bias The Policy of Doing-Nothing Failure of Forced Eviction and Relocation The Affordability Trap

10 Eviction Every year 5 million people suffer this cruel fate - Center on Housing Rights and Evictions (Switzerland)

11 After Before May 2005 Operation Murambatsvina - Zimbabwe

12 Alagados, Bahia, Brazil A lack of viable alternatives

13 Alagados, Bahia, Brazil One of the worlds largest slums on water

14 We have learned many lessons

15 Bangkok, Thailand Ingenuity in the face of hardship

16 $ Billions 10 6 8 4 2 0 12 World Bank Urban Financing 1990-1994 1995-1999 2000-2004 2005-2009 Other Urban Projects Urban Poverty & Slum Upgrading

17 17 Impact Bahia Urban Development Project Commitment needs to be multi-year and on-budget

18 Resident participation is key to impact and sustainability Mauritania Urban Development Program

19 Dar es Salaam Community Infrastructure Project No one-size-fits-all: knowledge of local reality is essential

20 World Bank Urban and Local Government Unit www.worldbank.org/urban World Bank Institute Slum Upgrading Sourcebook www.wbi.worldbank.org Cities Alliance www.citiesalliance.orgwww.citiesalliance.org UN-HABITAT www.unhabitat.orgwww.unhabitat.org Slum/Shack Dwellers International www.sdinet.co.zawww.sdinet.co.za Resources for further learning

21 Thank you!


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