A TECHNICAL GAP IN LAND SYSTEMS DELIVERING LAND ADMINISTRATION FOR THE POOR Kisumu, Kenya / UN-HABITAT
1.What is the value and practice for pro-poor geospatial LA products? 2.Monetisation vs. value creation 3.Cost and value sharing 4.Purpose, process and product Reality check: o 70% of land rights outside LA systems o Land reform is slow (or very slow!) o Conventional approaches are still the preferred solution! o Need for more innovations The Vision
1.Similar to conventional Land Administration customers! 2.Participatory enumeration - Civil society + slum dwellers 3.Post disaster – Haiti government 4.Watershed and Forestry – Govt. Ministries 5.Climate Change Mitigation – Coastal towns 6.City management – Mayors and local government 7.Planning – Government, private sector, society 8.By poor themselves – rural/urban security of tenure, housing, services (e.g. electricity, roads, health) What are the customer needs of the poor?
1. Group vs. individual 2. Gender issues 3. Power dynamics 4. Legitimacy vs. legality 5. Complexity and ambiguity 6. Context and “Fit for purpose” 7. Appropriate land governance arrangements But poor have unique needs… There is huge demand…but who pays? Who benefits?
The Challenge for Geo-Spatial Professionals How to support various tenure types and systems to enable land reform and secure land and property rights for all at scale? How to make use of geo spatial technologies and solutions in a participatory, affordable and pro- poor way?
1.Continuum of land rights 2.Example innovations As simple as participatory enumeration! STDM concept, model & software Pro-poor land recordation 3.GLTN as a platform + creator of innovative products New Thinking
Continuum of Land Rights Continuum of land rights, GLTN/ UN-HABITAT How to support at scale?
Participatory Enumeration How to integrate technology with community-driven processes?
The Social Tenure Domain Model A Pro Poor Land Tool: Lemmen 2010 A TECHNICAL GAP IN LAND SYSTEMS DELIVERING LAND ADMINISTRATION FOR THE POOR Parcel Person Right The Social Tenure Domain Model
STDM Conceptual Model Party Person/s or group/s Social Tenure Relationship Use rights Occupancy Ownership Informal Tenure Customary tenure Common land Tenancy Hunting Spatial Unit Point, line, polygon Source Document Sketch, audio, video, photos etc. has with supported by
Pro Poor Land Recordation Can land recording be co-managed by government and community?
The Global Land Tool Network Coalition of more than 50 international partners Focuses on tenure security improvement, tools development and capacity development Promotes good land governance and continuum of land rights Works in both urban and rural areas Core Values: Pro-poor Governance Equity Subsidiarity Affordability Systematic large scale approach Gender sensitiveness Sustainability
Choice between conventional LA approach and pro- poor LA innovation? Responsibility by governments, donors, citizens or private sector? Monetization of LA products – For cost recovery? For profit? For public goods? Where is the balance? Government funding for LA – Cost and data sharing? What are the constraints? What are the opportunities? Role of private sector? Business model for monetization? Monetization opportunity or social responsibility? How to apply such model in poor countries or with poor people in a wealthy society? ??? Some Questions