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Urban populations in Solomon Islands: women, markets and in/security Dr Anita Lacey Department of Political Studies University of Auckland

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Presentation on theme: "Urban populations in Solomon Islands: women, markets and in/security Dr Anita Lacey Department of Political Studies University of Auckland"— Presentation transcript:

1 Urban populations in Solomon Islands: women, markets and in/security Dr Anita Lacey Department of Political Studies University of Auckland UN-HABITAT World Urban Forum 5 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, March 2010

2 Locating Solomon Islands

3 Solomon Islands context Currently ranked 129 in HDI Linked to own positioning as researcher in Pacific Apt example of a global security/development nexus (Duffield) and the contemporary governance of security and aid Apt example of danger of loss of development initiatives to geo-strategic security and market agendas

4 Honiara as an urban site massive growth in the last fifteen years growth + concurrent and interlinked livelihood, resource, security, access and sustainability challenges linked to a violent and turbulent civil conflict – known locally as ‘the tensions’ – between

5 Globally small but key features of urban vulnerabilities –access to clean water; –a lack of access to adequate shelter; –food insecurity; –personal insecurity, particularly for women facing gender-based violence; –a lack of access to healthcare; poor nutrition standards; –unsustainable urban growth patterns.

6 The development gaze and urban populations +88% live rural subsistence livelihood What does this rural/urban divide mean? Does the increasingly international development community and regional security community recognise these dual and coexisting populations?

7 Honiara Central Market Honiara’s urban issues in context: –Informal livelihoods and food security –Rural-urban population shifts –Sanitation –Shelter –Women’s spaces and violence against women

8 Potential for change? Potential for development aid actors: –City of Honiara Council improvement project –Market improvement project –New Violence Against Women Office at national government level

9 Need for recognition of intersecting vulnerabilities Need for dialogue

10 WHERE TO FIND OUT MORE: Dr Anita Lacey, Senior Lecturer, International Relations, Department of Political Studies, University of Auckland, Auckland, Aotearoa New Zealand, Tel: extn ; Fax: Web: cfm?S=STAFF_alac003


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