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( · ). Grammar and usage Unit 3 Past perfect tense.

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Presentation on theme: "( · ). Grammar and usage Unit 3 Past perfect tense."— Presentation transcript:

1 ( · )

2 Grammar and usage Unit 3 Past perfect tense

3 Unit 3

4 Lead-in Whats the topic of Unit 3? How many amazing people have we read about in this unit? Who are they? Can you tell me something about Howard Carter?

5 Lead-in Upon their entering the tomb, Carters lucky pet bird, which he had left in Cairo, was swallowed by a snake. What verb tenses are used in the sentence?

6 Past perfect tense How can we form the past perfect? Reread The curse of the mummy and underline the sentences in which the past perfect tense is used. had + verb-ed

7 By the 1920s, he had become an … Upon their entering the tomb, Carters lucky pet bird, which he had left in Cairo, was swallowed by a snake. A few months after Carter had opened the tomb,... … Past perfect tense

8 The usage of the past perfect Upon their entering the tomb, Carters lucky pet bird, which he had left in Cairo, was swallowed by a snake. Carter left his lucky pet bird in Cairo. Carters lucky pet bird was swallowed by a snake. Past Present

9 The usage of the past perfect Past Present The past perfect tense shows us. Past Summary: The past perfect tense is often used with the simple past tense. If one action happens before another in the past, the past perfect tense is used.

10 The usage of the past perfect We hid the entrance to the tomb, said Carter. Carter said that they had hidden the entrance to the tomb. Past Present They hid the entrance to the tomb. Carter said that they had hidden the entrance to the tomb. Summary: The past perfect tense is often used to refer to an action that had already happened at the time of speaking.

11 The usage of the past perfect I had done my homework this morning before I went to the museum. Past Present I had done my homework this morning. I went to the museum. Summary: The use of the past perfect tense simply indicates that an action comes before another past action. It does not mean that the past action happened a long time ago.

12 The usage of the past perfect By the 1920s, he had become an explorer, searching for the tombs of the Egyptian kings. Past Present He had become an explorer.The 1920s Summary: The past perfect tense is often used with time expressions such as when, after, before, as soon as, until, by, for and already.

13 Another amazing person Amelia Earhart What happened to her? Read the notes about Amelia Earhart on Page 49.

14 Practice Complete the story on Page 49.

15 Amelia Earhart was born on 24 July She had an exciting childhood. Before she moved to Des Moines, she _____already _____ her first airplane. She _____ to Chicago, six years later. She worked as a nurse in the First World War and became interested in flying. She ______ already _______ flying lessons before she bought her first plane. Then her interest in flying really began to grow. In 1929, she organized an air race for women. A year earlier, she ______________ the first woman air passenger to fly across the Atlantic. hadseen moved had taken had become

16 She married George Putnam in They _________ three years before when he interviewed her in New York. In 1932, she became the first woman to fly alone across the Atlantic. On 1 June 1937, she ____________ her round-the-world flight. The flight went well in June. She reached New Guinea on the 29th. She _____________ flying nearly a month earlier. When the base tried to get in touch with Amelia at 9.30 p.m. 0n 2 July 1937, she _____ already ________ missing. had met began had started hadgone

17 The simple past tense or the past perfect tense?

18 When the Titanic was built, people assumed it would never sink. So, when it sank on its first journey the news (1)__________(surprise) everyone greatly. The Titanic was built in Belfast, Ireland. Its makers (2)_________(spend) a great deal of money building the extraordinary ship. When it was finished, it was the largest and most comfortable ship ever built. The Titanic set sail on 10 April I (3) _________ (want) to set foot on the Titanic ever since it was built, said Molly Brown, a Titanic survivor. I never imagined it would sink! On 13 April, the Titanic was sailing at full speed towards New York. surprised spent had wanted

19 The captain, who (4)_____________(receive) warnings about icebergs all day, had missed the warnings as they (5)__________(arrive). At 2.20 a.m., the Titanic sank into the sea. It (6) __________(hit) an iceberg just over two hours before. Of the 2,208 people aboard the ship, only 705 (7)___________(survive). Explorer Robert Ballard (8) __________(search) for the Titanic for more than 20 year before he found it. When new technology was developed, we (9)________(use) it to send cameras down into sea. Finally, we found the ship. With his cameras, he was able to find the hole along the side of the ship which (10) __________(cause) it to fill with water and sink. had received arrived had hit had searched used had caused survived

20 Summary: Whether to use the simple past tense or the past perfect tense depends on the sequence of the events.

21 The present perfect or the past perfect? Howard Carter is one of the most famous explorers the world has ever known. Past Present Future Howard Carter became famous. Summary: The present perfect tense is used when we are talking about a past event in connection with the present time.

22 The present perfect or the past perfect? Past Present George Gould had been to the tomb. He caught a high fever and died. George Gould had been to the tomb before he caught a high fever and died. Summary: The Past Perfect tense is used when we are discussing the past and want to talk about an even earlier event.

23 Another amazing person Cai Lun What did he say? And what did he do? Read the sentences on Page 51 and then complete the article.

24 The inventor of paper Cai Lun is a famous Chinese inventor, known for inventing paper. Cai invented paper in AD 105, but _____________ many other times. Before his invention worked, Cai ___________ using many different parts of trees and plants, and old fishing nets to make paper! After Cai invented paper, people all over Asia used it. At that time in the West, no one ___________ of Cai or paper. They did not learn how to make paper until AD751. Westerners who _____________ several Chinese paper makers during a war told people in the West about Cai's invention. Once the paper makers ___________ people how to make paper, it was used all over the world. had failed had tried had heard had caught had shown

25 Homework 1. Finish Part C1 and Part C2 on Page 104 in Workbook. 2. Preview the next part of this unit: Task.


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