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1 Feb. 21, 2002 APANs Status & Plan Feb. 21, 2002 S. Goto, K. Konishi APAN-JP Consortium

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Presentation on theme: "1 Feb. 21, 2002 APANs Status & Plan Feb. 21, 2002 S. Goto, K. Konishi APAN-JP Consortium"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Feb. 21, 2002 APANs Status & Plan Feb. 21, 2002 S. Goto, K. Konishi APAN-JP Consortium

2 2 Feb. 21, 2002 NSF is the Godfather Formation of APAN started at APEC Symposium in Tsukuba, Japan on Mar. 28, 1996. Dr. Steve Goldstein@NSF showed his plan to renew the program on the international Internet Services. Professor Kilnam Chon@KAIST started to take the lead for the application to the new program. Professor Michael McRobbie@ANU made the proposal on APAN at APEC APII Testbed Forum in Seoul on June 18, 2002.

3 3 Feb. 21, 2002 Features of APAN Governance by Researchers Funded by governments NGO organization for multiple networks and middleware/application researchers Coordination or match-making is an important role.

4 4 Feb. 21, 2002 Primary Member Australia, China, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan Associate Member Thailand, USA Affiliate Member CGIAR (Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research) Liaison Member Canada, Europe Others Hong Kong, Indonesia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Members

5 5 Feb. 21, 2002 Members Meeting 1996Aug. 23-24 KR| Nov.8-9 JP 1997June 2-3 JP| Oct.20-21 SG 1998Mar. 2-3 JP| Jul. 1-3 KR 1999 Feb. 19-21 JP| Sep 21-24 AU 2000Feb. 15-18 JP| Aug 22-25 CN 2001Feb. 1-2 H.I.| Aug 20-22 MY 2002Jan. 22-26 TH| Aug 26-28 CN 2003Jan 22-24 JP| Summer KR/AU 2004Jan/Feb H.I.

6 6 Feb. 21, 2002 Natural Resource Area Agriculture, Earth Monitoring Technology Area IPv6, P2P, Measurement, Satellite Internet, Television, Multimedia, H.323, QoS User Community Area BioInformatics, Digital Library, Education, Global Design & Manufacturing, GRID, Medical Informatics Activities

7 7 Feb. 21, 2002 Features of Asia Huge population & market Original culture(library, religions, history, etc.) Intensive education for children Varied GNP countries Regional developments might pollute the globe.

8 8 Feb. 21, 2002 Internet was born in USA, but.. APAN would like to contribute to the globe through Asia-Pacific based technologies. What can we contribute to the globe? –Features of Asia give us the hints: Scalable : Deployment technologies (IPv6,..) Culture: Library, Multilingual Names,.. Education: Distance Learning, Library GNP: Regional hubs/collaborations Pollution: Environments, Natural Resources,..

9 9 Feb. 21, 2002 APAN-JP Consortium Members –Governments & Research Networks Objectives –Internetworking with point-to-point links –Joint Efforts for the workshops & Resource Management –Information exchanges

10 10 Feb. 21, 2002 24 demos of 14 countries were executed over TransPAC at the venue of INET2000. (Virtual Reality, High quality DV, Earth Monitoring, Astronomy, etc.)

11 11 Feb. 21, 2002 ApGrid workshop Japan –AIST Grid Technology Research Center Tsukuba Advanced Computing Center –Universities Titech, Kyushu, Kyoto, Waseda, Osaka, Computing Center, labs –KEK (Gfarm) –Real World Computing Partnership –NEC, Fujitsu, SunMicro, IBM, Compaq Australia –ANU/APAC, Monash U United States –PNNL, (other labs and centers?) –SDSC, ANL –PRAGMA, iVDGL, TeraGrid Canada Korea –KISTI:Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information –Grid Forum Korea –TEIN: a link to Europe and Japan Thailand –NECTEC: National Electronics and Computer Technology Center –Kasetsart University Taiwan –NCHC: National Center for High- Performance Computing –Academic Sinica Singapore (Singaren/iHPC/Sun) Malaysia (USM) Potential Asian Partners –ROC –Hong Kong –Other A-P countries Indonesia, Vietnam, India, NZ, etc By Satoshi Sekiguchi

12 12 Feb. 21, 2002 APAN Network – today & near future Hawaii

13 13 Feb. 21, 2002 PHnet Seoul XP TransPAC StarLIGHT Chicago Gigabit Ethernet Switch NRENESnetGenuityvBNS+ CA*Net Abilene NORDUnet SURFnet AARNet Gigabit Ethernet Switch StarTAP AADS ATM OC12 ATM Southern Route Pacific GigaPOP OC12 POP Northern Route ATM Switch Tokyo XPd Pacific Wave CERNET IMnet WIDE Policy Router Osaka U

14 14 Feb. 21, 2002 250 Korea Seoul GbE Fukuoka Prefecture in Kyushu, Japan Genkai/Hyunhae KJCN (Korea-Japan Cable Network) –Starting in 2002.3 –12 fiber pairs with no relays –Starting from 50Gbps 2.88Terabit (current traffic volume between KR and JP : about 500Mbps) Busan By Koji Okamura

15 15 Feb. 21, 2002 Lambda Backbone in 2004

16 16 Feb. 21, 2002 Technologies TCP performance tuning Diffserv Measurement Multicast IPv6

17 17 Feb. 21, 2002 TCP Performance Tuning Local buffer RHIC Compuring Facility (RCF) at BNL Transfer to Japan(200 TB/year) Socket buffer size Multiple TCP streams Congestion avoidance algorithm Delayed ACK DUP threshold to absorb re-ordering Initial window size and initial slow start threshold Local analysis

18 18 Feb. 21, 2002 Diffserv over JP-KR link The 8Mbps link is fully utilized. Bandwidth reservations –10% for QGPOP-CNU video conferencing Assigned to high priority queue (Cisco low latency queuing) –80% for the link owners traffic (CRL) –5% for NOC traffic –5% for other traffic can be up to 100% if no other traffic exists NREN-APAN link over TransPAC will adopt Diffserv soon.

19 19 Feb. 21, 2002 PC based measurement system for PoS Katsushi Kobayashi ( –ITRC measurement WG – PoS Interface and PC based hardware None-interruption approach for capturing packets Application will access the reception buffer directly. Timestamp will be added at the interface with using GPS. Application will capture all packets without filtering. oc48c is ready. This boxes will be set at TransPAC NOCs. –Discussion will soon start. By Yasuichi Kitamura

20 20 Feb. 21, 2002 Collaboration with IXIA Tracie Monk ( IxTraffic is running at Tokyo XP. –BGP session information of the main router at Tokyo XP is opened. –Other routers information is protected with password. Starlight TransPAC Seattle Router KOREN Router, Korea Imnet (Inter Ministry NETwork), Japan –Flow measurement data will be used for DDoS attack detection. IxEdge (aka skitter) is planning to be installed. By Yasuichi Kitamura

21 21 Feb. 21, 2002 Multicast Backbone over APAN

22 22 Feb. 21, 2002 Multicast Protocols PIM-SM –Protocol Independent Multicast-Sparse Mode –No flood, Loop free –Native multicast was deployed Topology between unicast and multicast was unified MBGP and MSDP –Multicast BGP and Multicast Source Discovery Protocol –Enable scalable Inter-domain multicast –Enable to segment the policies between Unicast and Multicast SSM –Source Specific Multicast –Allows a node to select sources –Reduce unnecessary multicast traffic

23 23 Feb. 21, 2002 Current IPv6 Infrastructure 6TAP KOREN/APAN-KR Tokyo XP NSPIXP6 Research organizations Commercial ISPs 155Mbps ATM TransPAC Southern Route 8Mbps ATM 100Base-TX Native IPv6 link over TransPAC Southern Route to 6TAP Native IPv6 link to KOREN/APAN-KR Connect to NSPIXP6, and establish BGP4+ peer with many Japanese ISPs and research organizations (e.g. WIDE, NTT communications, … ) Install various network monitoring tools at Tokyo XP - ping6/traceroute6 server, looking glass, traffic monitoring by MRTG, BGP4+ operational reports - These are opened at

24 24 Feb. 21, 2002 IPv6 Deployment OC12 POS Northern Route Pacific GigaPOP Tokyo XP 155Mbps ATM Sourhern Route 6TAP Korea China Taiwan Australia Japanese ISPs Research Organizations Use TransPAC Northern Route as an IPv4/IPv6 dual link. (we regard Northern Route as a more experimental route) Expand IPv6 network in cooperation with our friend of U.S and Asia-Pacific. IPv4/IPv6 dual link

25 25 Feb. 21, 2002 Applications Tele-microscope Telemedicine Biomedical Database High Energy Physics Astronomy Earth Monitoring Agriculture Grid

26 26 Feb. 21, 2002 Tele-microscope By Shinji Shimojo

27 27 Feb. 21, 2002 Tele-microscope Network Japan JGN Tokyo SDSC U.S. TransPAC Non-DiffServ Domain DiffServ Domain DiffServ Domain Osaka UCSD IPv6 Network By Shinji Shimojo

28 28 Feb. 21, 2002 Laser Micro Dissection Method to cut out only cancer cells under microscope Most of the cancer tissues contain normal cells Getting only cancer cells are required for Cancer Genome Research Pathological decision is required for distinguishing cancer cells Little number of Pathologist are available in Japan. High definition image transfer and remote robotics are required for remote control by pathologists. By Hiroshi Mizushima

29 29 Feb. 21, 2002 Heavy Ion Medical Accelerator Heavy Ion Medical Accelerator for cancer treatment is installed only in NIRS. Main accelerator Linear accelerator Ion Source Radiation room By Masahiro Endo

30 30 Feb. 21, 2002 Simulator for Radiation Planning NIES High Performance Experimental Network Server Hospital Client Image database By Masahiro Endo

31 31 Feb. 21, 2002 Terabyte Biomedical Databases By Hiroshi Mizushima

32 32 Feb. 21, 2002 BNL RHIC (Relativistic Heavy Ion Accelerator) By Tadashi Ichihara

33 33 Feb. 21, 2002 PHENIX Computing Center - Japan BNL By Takashi Ichihara

34 34 Feb. 21, 2002 Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) ( International project to make the largest map of the universe. (USA, Japan, Germany) Major Products Images of ¼ of the entire sky in five color bands (raw data ~12TB; processed data ~8TB) Parameter list of detected astronomical objects (~10 8 objects; ~25GB) Atlas images of the detected objects (~250GB) Low-resolution sky map without objects (~500GB) Construction: 1991-2000 Survey Operation: 2001-2005 Apache Point Observatory, New Mexico, USA. The 2.5m telescope dedicated to the SDSS is seen at the left. By Sadanori Okamura

35 35 Feb. 21, 2002 SkyServer ( Web Navigator pan-zoom over images Explorer: look at objects in detail –From navigator –By position or object ID, plate, stripe,…. Query Tool: Data Mining –Web or Java download or Python –A web service (xml based) –30 second & 1,000 record limit Outreach –100 hours of online education. EDR only at the moment –Step-by-step data release (next release planned: Jan., 2003) By Sadanori Okamura

36 36 Feb. 21, 2002 Earth Monitoring and Disaster Warning –Earth Monitoring and disaster warning to implement remote sensing applications within APAN / Transpac which promote sustainable economic development, preservation of the region's biotic resources, and early identification of events or conditions which may lead to disasters. n Reference By Shinichi Sobue & Chris Elvidge

37 37 Feb. 21, 2002 Kyoto Intl Conf. Center Demo Site SInet Bangkok ESRIN Frascati, IT EOLI NISN DANTE (TEN-155) NASA GSFC Greenbelt, MD IDN, DIAL Milan IMNet Chicago STAR TAP TransPac CA*NET3 CCRS Ottawa, CA OGC-WMT Abilene MD MAX UMD College Park, MD MOCHA vBNS+ EDC Sioux Falls, SD Earth Explorer MichNet Mich State E. Lansing, MI TRFIC DC Tokyo NY Osaka GISTDA/RFD Bangkok, TH Browse, DIAL NASDA HEOC, EORC, JP IDN, DIAL MAFF/ FPPRI, JP ANDES UUNet Milan JRC Ispra, IT WFW OpenTransit CNES Toulouse, FR SPOT KDDNet LAX NGDC Boulder, CO DMSP FRGP DEN GARR International Transit Netwok Renater CEOS Plenary Kyoto Demos for Earth observation data: November 2001 Network Configuration CEOS Plenary Kyoto Demos for Earth observation data: November 2001 Network Configuration NECTEC AIT Bangkok, TH WFW By Shinichi Sobue & Chris Elvidge

38 38 Feb. 21, 2002 Prototype Diagram for on-line spacecraft checkout in 2005-2008 Spacecraft Integration Facility IP Wrapper Prototype D-ECL Data Clock D-ECL Data Clock Instrument A Support Team #1 Instrument B Support Team #1 Instrument C Support Team #1 Ground System Interface (GSIF) Instrument D Support Team #1 Ground Support Equip (GSE) Ground Support Equip (GSE) Ground Support Equip (GSE) Ground Support Equip (GSE) Router/switch Ground Support Equip (GSE) Router/switch Intl HPREN Domestic HPREN Domestic HPREN Domestic HPREN QoS and Multicast technology for 120- 240Mbps data stream and video and voice By Shinichi Sobue & Chris Elvidge

39 39 Feb. 21, 2002 NOAA-NGDC NCAR vBNS NREN STARTAP TransPAC APAN IMnet MAFFIN TRMM DMSP-OLS Asia Pacific region ANDES (Asia- Pacific Network for Disaster Mitigation using Earth Observation Satellite) AIT/TH NOAA NASA - Processing - Archiving - Distribution By Akira Mizushima

40 40 Feb. 21, 2002 Enquiry Answer Agriculture-Grid Info-Broker Multi-Lingual - Ontology - Translation system - Dictionary/Thesaurus User Diversity: Language/Character/Culture Different: Structure/Data set/DB system Sharing Anywhere Satoshi By Akira Mizushima

41 41 Feb. 21, 2002 ICMTransPACPost-TransPAC OfficialSteve Goldstein Chip Cox? Kick-off1989, end1996.32001, fall Solicitation1990, Spring1997.52002.10 ?? Apply1990, Summer1997.82003.1 ?? Grant1991.11998.92003.10 ?? End planned1996.92003.102008.10 ?? Real End1997.9??? Initial rate128 kbps34 Mbps5-10 Gbps ? Final rate34 Mbps1244 Mbps100-300 Gbps ? NSF International Internet

42 42 Feb. 21, 2002 Research Cycle APAN1 APAN2 APAN3 Prep Exec Prep Exec PrepExec 25years 2 2 52003 1998 We are here! 2003.9 End of NSFs Grant 1996

43 43 Feb. 21, 2002 Role of APAN-JP Primary hub in Asia Gateway to USA Deployment of Asia-Oriented Technologies Promotion of Global/AP-Regional Applications Promotion of Projects funded by governments Collaborations based on the friendship of NGO

44 44 Feb. 21, 2002 Thanks to Satoshi Sekiguchi: ApGrid Yasuichi Kitamura: Measurement Yoshinori Kitatsuji: Network Configurations Ayumu Kubota: TCP Performance & Diffserv Yuichiro Hei: IPv6 Koji Okamura: Genkai/Hyunhae Project Shinji Shimojo: Tele-microscope Hiroshi Mizushima: Telemedicine & Bio-medical Database Takashi Ichihara: High Energy Physics Sadanori Okamura: Astronomy Shinichi Sobue: Earth Monitoring Chris Elvidge: Earth Monitoring Akira Mizushima: Earth Monitoring & Agriculture

45 45 Feb. 21, 2002 References APAN: Genkai: http://www, ApGrid:

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