4 June 21,, 2002 APAN was born in 1996 Formation of APAN started at APEC Symposium in Tsukuba, Japan on Mar. 28, 1996. Dr. Steve Goldstein@NSF showed his plan to renew the program on the international Internet Services. Professor Kilnam Chon@KAIST started to take the lead for the application to the new program. Professor Michael McRobbie@ANU made the proposal on APAN at APEC APII Testbed Forum in Seoul on June 18, 1996.
5 June 21,, 2002 Features of APAN 13 countries connected in Asia Consortium of the international link owners Governance by Researchers Funded by governments NGO activities by network, middleware & application researchers Coordination or match-making for the joint projects over multiple countries.
6 June 21,, 2002 Primary Member Australia, China, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan Associate Member Thailand, USA Affiliate Member CGIAR (Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research) Liaison Member Canada, Europe Others Hong Kong, Indonesia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Vietnam http://www.cgiar.org/ Members
7 June 21,, 2002 Members Meeting 1996Aug. 23-24 KR| Nov.8-9 JP 1997June 2-3 JP| Oct.20-21 SG 1998Mar. 2-3 JP| Jul. 1-3 KR 1999 Feb. 19-21 JP| Sep 21-24 AU 2000Feb. 15-18 JP| Aug 22-25 CN 2001Feb. 1-2 H.I.| Aug 20-22 MY 2002Jan. 22-26 TH| Aug 25-28 CN 2003Jan 22-24 JP| Summer KR/AU 2004Jan/Feb H.I.
8 June 21,, 2002 Natural Resource Area Agriculture, Earth Monitoring, BioInformatics Technology Area IPv6, P2P, Measurement, Satellite Internet, Television, Multimedia, H.323, QoS User Community Area Digital Library, Education, Global Design & Manufacturing, GRID, Medical Informatics Activities
9 June 21,, 2002 Features of Asia Huge population & market Original culture(library, religions, history, etc.) Intensive education for children Varied GNP countries Regional developments might pollute the globe.
10 June 21,, 2002 Internet was born in USA, but.. APAN would like to contribute to the globe through Asia-Pacific based technologies. What can we contribute to the globe? –Features of Asia give us the hints: Scalable : Deployment technologies (IPv6,..) Culture: Library, Multilingual Names,.. Education: Distance Learning, Library GNP: Regional hubs/collaborations Pollution: Environments, Natural Resources,..
12 June 21,, 2002 CJK Hub is critical in Asia - China is emerging - Asia North America Europe TEIN TransPAC 622 Mbps x 2 CJK Hub 45Mbps
13 June 21,, 2002 Regional Endorsement APAN was founded by AU, JP, KR & SG. NSF is funding TransPAC for connecting APAN. TEIN was proposed by KR with the endorsement of APII/APAN. EU is funding TEIN for connecting APAN countries. CJK hub will play the key role for Intra- Asia Community.
14 June 21,, 2002 How can we develop CJK hub? Difficulty: Distance Independent Price so far 36,000 km C2C: 17,000 km
15 June 21,, 2002 Repeater/Repeaterless System System Length [km] Maximum Number of Wavelength 10Gbit/s per wavelength Repeaterless System Repeater System KJCN
16 June 21,, 2002 Ohmuta Kurume Nogata Iizuka Tagawa Fukuoka Kitakyushu Kitakyushu City High-speed LAN QGPOP (ISIT) To Tokyo Research Network in Korea Korean Partner Carrier KJCN Japanese Partner Carriers Fukuoka Gigabit Highway GENKAI Project QGPOP part KJCN Korea Pusan Taejon Seoul GENKAI/Hyunhae Project APAN Internet2 GbE 2.4Gbps 150Mbps Shimonoseki Univ. of Fishery FGH AP Japan Submarine cable landing station Network equipment (Routers etc.) 250 km Repeaterless
17 June 21,, 2002 CKC2 cable system expected CKC APCN2 C2C KJCN Beijing Seoul Pusan Taean Qingdao Chongming 0.56Gbit/s x 1WDM x 2FP 10Gbit/s x 64WDM x 4FP 10Gbit/s x 96WDM x 8FP 10Gbit/s x 24WDM x 12FP CKC2 should be constructed !! 560 km
18 June 21,, 2002 Comparison of Cable Systems Long loop (ex. APCN2) P2P (ex. KJCN, CKC2) Initial Capacity 1-5 Gbps10-40 Gbps Initial Investment $ 10-50 M$ 10 M Expected Users 155M-2.4G ISP1 – 40 G ISP Final Capacity 30-150 Gbps200-1000 Gbps Final Capacity 2-3 Tbps2-10 Tbps Initial Investment $ 0.8-1.2 billion$ 50 – 100 M Single CarrierCarriers in total Length 10,000 km >250 - 560 km
19 June 21,, 2002 CJK Cable Systems CJK collaboration is critical for Asia. Point to Point (P2P) undersea cable system connecting terrestrial backbone networks is a rational solution for CJK Hub. High-capacity & Low-cost solution! CJK lambda networks will be constructed over KJCN & CKC2.
20 June 21,, 2002 Lambda Backbone expected in 2004-5
21 June 21,, 2002 IT Strategies of Japanese Government
22 June 21,, 2002 Two Councils Council for Science and Technology Policy, Cabinet Office Basic Science: ex. Grid IT Strategy Headquarter Internet-based Projects (e-Japan Program) : ex. APAN Jun Murai is a member of the Headquarter.
23 June 21,, 2002 Asia Broadband Committee The Committee will report the plan for the Asia Broadband Network Plan to IT Headquarter. Shigeki Goto will be the chair, and key persons for Asia Network Projects will be invited. International Policy Div. of MPHPT will serve the Committee as a Secretariat. The committee will discuss on –Intra-Asia Lambda networks –Intra-Asia Satellite links –Trans-Pacific/Eurasia links –Internet Hub in Asia
24 June 21,, 2002 Schedule of the Committee 6/18 Preparatory Meeting 7/end 1 st meeting 12 Final Report to IT Headquarter 2003/1-2Q Construction/Operation of Asia Backbones
27 June 21,, 2002 APAN-JP Consortium Members –Governments & NPO Research Networks Objectives –Internetworking of point-to-point links –Joint Efforts for the workshops & Resource Management –Information exchanges
28 June 21,, 2002 24 demos of 14 countries were executed over TransPAC at the venue of INET2000. (Virtual Reality, High quality DV, Earth Monitoring, Astronomy, etc.)
29 June 21,, 2002 ApGrid workshop Japan –AIST Grid Technology Research Center Tsukuba Advanced Computing Center –Universities Titech, Kyushu, Kyoto, Waseda, Osaka, Computing Center, labs –KEK (Gfarm) –Real World Computing Partnership –NEC, Fujitsu, SunMicro, IBM, Compaq Australia –ANU/APAC, Monash U United States –PNNL, (other labs and centers?) –SDSC, ANL –PRAGMA, iVDGL, TeraGrid Canada Korea –KISTI:Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information –Grid Forum Korea http://www.GridForumKorea.org/ –TEIN: a link to Europe and Japan Thailand –NECTEC: National Electronics and Computer Technology Center –Kasetsart University Taiwan –NCHC: National Center for High- Performance Computing –Academic Sinica Singapore (Singaren/iHPC/Sun) Malaysia (USM) Potential Asian Partners –ROC –Hong Kong –Other A-P countries Indonesia, Vietnam, India, NZ, etc By Satoshi Sekiguchi
30 June 21,, 2002 APAN Network – today & near future Hawaii * KDDI will start to provide TransPAC North circuit on June 21. * Hawaii-Japan & Japan-Korea links will be up within this year. GTRN / GTRN
31 June 21,, 2002 PHnet Seoul XP TransPAC StarLIGHT Chicago Gigabit Ethernet Switch NRENESnetGenuityvBNS+ CA*Net Abilene NORDUnet SURFnet AARNet Gigabit Ethernet Switch StarTAP AADS ATM OC12 ATM Southern Route Pacific GigaPOP OC12 POP Northern Route ATM Switch Tokyo XPd Pacific Wave CERNET IMnet WIDE Policy Router Osaka U
32 June 21,, 2002 Super SINET Sapporo Sendai 1 Sendai 2 Sendai 3 KEK Tsukuba TITWaseda Toyko 3 Tokyo 2 Tokyo 1 NAOISAS Okazaki NIG NIFS Nagoya Kanazawa Kyoto 1 Kyoto 2 Osaka Kobe Hiroshima NII 2 NII 1 Fukuoka Tokyo OXC Osaka OXC Nagoya OXC APAN-JP
35 June 21,, 2002 TCP Performance Tuning Local buffer RHIC Compuring Facility (RCF) at BNL Transfer to Japan(200 TB/year) Socket buffer size Multiple TCP streams Congestion avoidance algorithm Delayed ACK DUP threshold to absorb re-ordering Initial window size and initial slow start threshold Local analysis ~ 100 Mbit/s
36 June 21,, 2002 Diffserv over JP-KR link The 8Mbps link is fully utilized. Bandwidth reservations –10% for QGPOP-CNU video conferencing Assigned to high priority queue (Cisco low latency queuing) –80% for the link owners traffic (CRL) –5% for NOC traffic –5% for other traffic can be up to 100% if no other traffic exists NREN-APAN link over TransPAC will also adopt Diffserv soon.
37 June 21,, 2002 PC based measurement system for PoS Katsushi Kobayashi (email@example.com) –ITRC measurement WG –http://www.itrc.net PoS Interface and PC based hardware None-interruption approach for capturing packets Application will access the reception buffer directly. Timestamp will be added at the interface with using GPS. Application will capture all packets without filtering. oc48c is ready. This boxes will be set at TransPAC NOCs. –Discussion will soon start. By Yasuichi Kitamura
38 June 21,, 2002 Collaboration for Measurement Activities surveyor –One way delay measurement box –Internet2/IETF(ippm) skitter –Round trip time measurement and AS paths –CAIDA IxTraffic –BGP session collection and export flow collection –IXIA NetOps AMP –Under discussion –NLANR/MOAT
40 June 21,, 2002 Multicast Protocols PIM-SM –Protocol Independent Multicast-Sparse Mode –No flood, Loop free –Native multicast was deployed Topology between unicast and multicast was unified MBGP and MSDP –Multicast BGP and Multicast Source Discovery Protocol –Enable scalable Inter-domain multicast –Enable to segment the policies between Unicast and Multicast SSM –Source Specific Multicast –Allows a node to select sources –Reduce unnecessary multicast traffic
41 June 21,, 2002 Current IPv6 Infrastructure 6TAP KOREN/APAN-KR Tokyo XP NSPIXP6 Research organizations Commercial ISPs 155Mbps ATM TransPAC Southern Route 8Mbps ATM 100Base-TX Native IPv6 link over TransPAC Southern Route to 6TAP Native IPv6 link to KOREN/APAN-KR Connect to NSPIXP6, and establish BGP4+ peer with many Japanese ISPs and research organizations (e.g. WIDE, NTT communications, … ) Install various network monitoring tools at Tokyo XP - ping6/traceroute6 server, looking glass, traffic monitoring by MRTG, BGP4+ operational reports - These are opened at http://www.jp.apan.net/v6/
42 June 21,, 2002 IPv6 Deployment OC12 POS Northern Route Pacific GigaPOP Tokyo XP OC12 ATM Sourhern Route Abilene/6TAP Korea China Taiwan Australia Japanese ISPs Research Organizations TransPAC will adopt IPv4/IPv6 dual stack link with Juniper routers in a few weeks. Tele-microscope experiments between Osaka Univ. and SDSC requires HDTV over IPv6. IPv4/IPv6 dual stack link
43 June 21,, 2002 Applications Tele-microscope Telemedicine Biomedical Database High Energy Physics Astronomy Earth Monitoring Agriculture Grid
44 June 21,, 2002 Tele-microscope By Shinji Shimojo
45 June 21,, 2002 Tele-microscope Network Japan JGN Tokyo SDSC U.S. TransPAC Non-DiffServ Domain DiffServ Domain DiffServ Domain Osaka UCSD IPv6 Network By Shinji Shimojo
46 June 21,, 2002 Laser Micro Dissection Method to cut out only cancer cells under microscope Most of the cancer tissues contain normal cells Getting only cancer cells are required for Cancer Genome Research Pathological decision is required for distinguishing cancer cells Little number of Pathologist are available in Japan. High definition image transfer and remote robotics are required for remote control by pathologists. By Hiroshi Mizushima
47 June 21,, 2002 Heavy Ion Medical Accelerator Heavy Ion Medical Accelerator for cancer treatment is installed only in NIRS. http://www.nirs.go.jp/ENG/nirs.htm Main accelerator Linear accelerator Ion Source Radiation room By Masahiro Endo
48 June 21,, 2002 Simulator for Radiation Planning NIES High Performance Experimental Network Server Hospital Client Image database By Masahiro Endo
49 June 21,, 2002 Terabyte Biomedical Databases By Hiroshi Mizushima
50 June 21,, 2002 BNL RHIC (Relativistic Heavy Ion Accelerator) By Tadashi Ichihara
51 June 21,, 2002 PHENIX Computing Center - Japan BNL By Takashi Ichihara
52 June 21,, 2002 Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) (http://www.sdss.org) International project to make the largest map of the universe. (USA, Japan, Germany) Major Products Images of ¼ of the entire sky in five color bands (raw data ~12TB; processed data ~8TB) Parameter list of detected astronomical objects (~10 8 objects; ~25GB) Atlas images of the detected objects (~250GB) Low-resolution sky map without objects (~500GB) Construction: 1991-2000 Survey Operation: 2001-2005 Apache Point Observatory, New Mexico, USA. The 2.5m telescope dedicated to the SDSS is seen at the left. By Sadanori Okamura
53 June 21,, 2002 SkyServer (http://SkyServer.sdss.org) Web Navigator pan-zoom over images Explorer: look at objects in detail –From navigator –By position or object ID, plate, stripe,…. Query Tool: Data Mining –Web or Java download or Python –A web service (xml based) –30 second & 1,000 record limit Outreach –100 hours of online education. EDR only at the moment –Step-by-step data release (next release planned: Jan., 2003) By Sadanori Okamura
54 June 21,, 2002 Earth Monitoring and Disaster Warning –Earth Monitoring and disaster warning to implement remote sensing applications within APAN / Transpac which promote sustainable economic development, preservation of the region's biotic resources, and early identification of events or conditions which may lead to disasters. n Reference http://eos.nasda.go.jp/Apan/charter5.htm http://www.ceos.org http://wgiss.ceos.org By Shinichi Sobue & Chris Elvidge
55 June 21,, 2002 Kyoto Intl Conf. Center Demo Site SInet Bangkok ESRIN Frascati, IT EOLI NISN DANTE (TEN-155) NASA GSFC Greenbelt, MD IDN, DIAL Milan IMNet Chicago STAR TAP TransPac CA*NET3 CCRS Ottawa, CA OGC-WMT Abilene MD MAX UMD College Park, MD MOCHA vBNS+ EDC Sioux Falls, SD Earth Explorer MichNet Mich State E. Lansing, MI TRFIC DC Tokyo NY Osaka GISTDA/RFD Bangkok, TH Browse, DIAL NASDA HEOC, EORC, JP IDN, DIAL MAFF/ FPPRI, JP ANDES UUNet Milan JRC Ispra, IT WFW OpenTransit CNES Toulouse, FR SPOT KDDNet LAX NGDC Boulder, CO DMSP FRGP DEN GARR International Transit Netwok Renater CEOS Plenary Kyoto Demos for Earth observation data: November 2001 Network Configuration CEOS Plenary Kyoto Demos for Earth observation data: November 2001 Network Configuration NECTEC AIT Bangkok, TH WFW By Shinichi Sobue & Chris Elvidge
56 June 21,, 2002 Prototype Diagram for on-line spacecraft checkout in 2005-2008 Spacecraft Integration Facility IP Wrapper Prototype D-ECL Data Clock D-ECL Data Clock Instrument A Support Team #1 Instrument B Support Team #1 Instrument C Support Team #1 Ground System Interface (GSIF) Instrument D Support Team #1 Ground Support Equip (GSE) Ground Support Equip (GSE) Ground Support Equip (GSE) Ground Support Equip (GSE) Router/switch Ground Support Equip (GSE) Router/switch Intl HPREN Domestic HPREN Domestic HPREN Domestic HPREN QoS and Multicast technology for 120- 240Mbps data stream and video and voice By Shinichi Sobue & Chris Elvidge
57 June 21,, 2002 NOAA-NGDC NCAR vBNS NREN STARTAP TransPAC APAN IMnet MAFFIN TRMM DMSP-OLS Asia Pacific region ANDES (Asia- Pacific Network for Disaster Mitigation using Earth Observation Satellite) AIT/TH NOAA NASA - Processing - Archiving - Distribution By Akira Mizushima
58 June 21,, 2002 Enquiry Answer Agriculture-Grid Info-Broker Multi-Lingual - Ontology - Translation system - Dictionary/Thesaurus User Diversity: Language/Character/Culture Different: Structure/Data set/DB system Sharing Anywhere Satoshi By Akira Mizushima
59 June 21,, 2002 Collaborations with NGI Networks in North America
60 June 21,, 2002 ICMTransPACPost-TransPAC OfficialSteve Goldstein ?? Kick-off1989, end1996.32002? Solicitation1990, Spring1997.52002-3? Apply1990, Summer1997.82003? Grant1991.11998.92003-4? End planned1996.92003.102008? Real End1997.9??? Initial rate128 kbps35 Mbps10 Gbps ? Final rate34 Mbps1244 Mbps300 Gbps ? NSF International Internet
61 June 21,, 2002 Research Cycle APAN1 APAN2 APAN3 Prep Exec Prep Exec PrepExec 25years 2 2 52003 1998 We are here! 2003.9 End of NSFs Grant 1996
62 June 21,, 2002 Role of APAN-JP Primary hub in Asia Gateway to USA Deployment of Asia-Oriented Technologies Promotion of Global/AP-Regional Applications Promotion of Projects funded by governments Collaborations based on the friendship of NGO
63 June 21,, 2002 10Gbps >USA 2 GbpsKR, EU 155MbpsAU, CN, TW, Hawaii 45MbpsSG, MY, TH, (Russia) 2-10 MbpsPH SatelliteLA, MM, ID, LK, VN, (BN, KH, IN, BD,,,,) APAN Links expected in 2004