Presentation on theme: "From Disaster to Resilience Challenges and Opportunities for Disaster Prevention and Recovery In Namibia Hon. Prof. Peter Katjavivi, Director General National."— Presentation transcript:
From Disaster to Resilience Challenges and Opportunities for Disaster Prevention and Recovery In Namibia Hon. Prof. Peter Katjavivi, Director General National Planning Commission Office of the President, Namibia
Namibia has always been a Dry Country Year Round Wet Rivers only occur at its international borders Historically, the only national disasters known to our young nation have been droughts and wildfires
The Memory of Living with Floods had been Lost… In the Caprivi and Kavango border regions, the last big floods occurred in the s After a 20-year calm, the North and Northeastern Namibia were hit by alternating flood and drought events. The 2009 Floods were a 40-year event… In many areas, there was no living memory of so much water. This was an abnormal event! People were unprepared for the disaster…
The 2009 Disaster In February and March 2009, torrential rains increased water levels in the Zambezi, Okavango, Cunene and Chobe Rivers. This led to a 40-year flood in the Caprivi, Kavango and Cuvelai basins, affecting some 750,000 people (37.5% of the population of Namibia) Whole villages were cut off and had to be relocated into camps. Some 50,000 people were displaced Livestock were stranded and died of hunger 102 people died
In April 2009, the Government requested a Post Disaster Needs Assessment The PDNA was carried out by the Government of Namibia, UN, World Bank, EC, Luxembourg, and USAID About 70 experts participated in the assessment All six affected regions and 11 economic sectors were assessed
The Total Damages and Losses of the 2009 Disaster Amounted to US$214 million Million N$Million US$ Damages1,111, Losses Economic losses were also incurred mostly by private households Private sector sustained more destruction of assets
Summary of Damages and Losses
Most damages occurred in socio-productive sectors such as housing and trade Losses were concentrated in agriculture, manufacture and trade
The Disaster Further Compounded the Impact of the Financial Crisis 0.6% Economic growth for 2009 which was predicted at a modest 1.1%, will now be 0.5% due to the disaster, a 0.6% decline
More Important Still was the Impact at the Personal Level In Caprivi and Ohangwena, people lost over 12 percent of their annual income In Kavango, a region where 93% of the people are poor or severely poor, they lost 6% of their annual income.
The Floods Compounded the Impacts of Previous Shocks Households in North and Northeast Namibia were already fragile due to previous floods and droughts in the mid-2000s, foot-and-mouth disease and a drop in construction contracts
Strategy for Recovery and Reconstruction Phase 1. Back to Pre-Disaster Reconstruction (US$136 million). Early recovery Reconstruction of damaged assets to their pre-disaster conditions Phase 2. Build Back Smarter (US$463 million). Spatial risk management planning to relocate in safer grounds Climate resilient infrastructure More efficient water use for agriculture and flood protection Long-term Disaster Risk Management Clearly,Namiba does not want to repeat the mistakes of the past.
The Build Back Smarter Strategy Sector ActivityNeeds (U$ Million) Disaster Risk Management Strengthened Disaster Risk Management (DRM) Committees, Risk Assessment, Community Awareness, Preparedness and Response 5.2 Education Reconstruction of Schools and Access Roads with Disaster-Resilient Standards 13.2 Agriculture Small-scale reservoirs for irrigation and flood protection in 10,000 ha and diversification of agriculture production 49.4 Transport Climate proofing of critical roads and access to critical services and markets Water and Sanitation Reconstruction of essential systems using disaster resilient standards 94.3 Housing Reconstruction with disaster resilient standards66.6 Total463.7
From Business As Usual to Building Back Smarter Disaster Risk Management Meeting the Hyogo Framework Main Priorities Estimated Needs (US$ Million) DRM Legislation Strengthening DRM Committees Mainstreaming DRM into Economic Planning US$0.8 Climate Variability and Risk Hazard Modeling Participatory Flood Mapping Stronger Early Warning System US$2.1 Living with Floods CampaignUS$0.4 Disaster Contingency Plans A Stronger Local Relief and Emergency System US$1.95 TOTAL ESTIMATED NEEDSUS$5.2 Million Our nation is only 19 years old. DRM institutions are still incipient and need considerable strengthening
From Business As Usual to Building Back Smarter Water and Sanitation Recovery and Back to Pre- Disaster Reconstruction Building Back Smarter Emergency provision of drinking water Rehabilitation of water and wastewater systems: US$6.1 million Reconstruction of systems using disaster-resilient standards: US$94.3 million Emergency solution of waste water problems
From Business As Usual to Building Back Smarter Agriculture Recovery Building Back Smarter Food imports (Grains and meat): US$5.4 million Develop small-scale reservoirs for irrigation and downstream flood protection in has: US$49.4 million Provision of seeds and inputs for next crop: US$4.1 million Crop diversification through private sector participation Assistance for land preparation: US$3.5 million
Estimated Funding Commitments to the Namibian Floods (to Date) DonorsEngagements (Millions of US$) Government of Namibia44.8 US Government0.7 Central Emergency Response Fund (UN)1.2 Germany0.065 China0.1 France0.052 Italy0.4 Finland0.28 Spain0.70* Austria0.12 Estonia0.31 Botswana0.06 GFDRR0.2 Total Engagements49.3 Total Needs Phase 1 (Back to Pre-Disaster Conditions)136 Total Needs Phase 2 (Building Back Smarter)463 * Expected engagements
Remaining Challenges and Opportunities We Need Stronger Regional Cooperation Prior to the 2009 disaster, Namibia received insufficient early warning information from the Zambezi River Basin Authority and from the Okavango River Basin Commission Collaboration with these two Regional Commissions should be strengthened in the future
Namibia is Hindered by its Status as a Middle Income Country RegionPoor and Severely Poor (%) Namibia41.4 Caprivi41.1 Kavango93.2 Ohangwena64.0 Omusati43.8 Oshana27.4 Oshikoto57.4 This seems to hinders its capacity to access concessionary funds for disaster relief Yet the floods affected the poorest and most vulnerable regions of Namibia
Reconstruction will Require Participatory Hazard Zoning We will need to choose a flood safety level that is acceptable to our people Based on that, we will have to conduct participatory zoning to determine which structures should remain in place (and be climate-proofed) and which should be relocated to safer areas. This is an important part of the DRM support that we are seeking from GFDRR donors for the reconstruction of Namibia
And… Flooding has Started Again… On Friday, Kwando River in Southeastern Caprivi reached 4.04 m, the highest levels on record (highest even than 1969) The rainfall in June has been the highest on record and unprecedented for the dry season Is this climate change?
Acknowledgments We want to thank GFDRR, the UN, the World Bank, the EC, Luxembourg, and USAID for their financial and technical support to the Namibian flood assessment The full assessment results are expected by July 2009 at