Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Chapter 5.3 Egypt’s Empires.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Chapter 5.3 Egypt’s Empires."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 5.3 Egypt’s Empires

2 Golden Age A new dynasty of pharaohs came to power
Moved the capital to Thebes Started a period of peace and order called The Middle Kingdom Lasted from 2055 B.C. to 1650 B.C.

3 Conquests Controlled Nubia Expanded to present-day Syria

4 The Arts Flourish Arts and Architecture thrived during the Middle Kingdom Painters decorated the walls of tombs and temples

5 Sculptors Carved hunting, fishing, and battle scenes on large stone walls

6 Statues of Pharaohs Statues of the Pharaohs, showing them as humans rather than gods

7 Architecture Pharaohs no longer had pyramids built
Tombs were cut into limestone cliffs

8 The Hyksos Hyksos invaded Egypt Had horse drawn chariots
Fought with sturdy weapons made of bronze and iron

9 Ahmose Ahmose formed an army and drove the Hyksos out of Egypt in 1550 B.C.

10 Building an Empire Ahmose founded a new dynasty.
Started the New Kingdom Lasted from 1550 B.C. to 1070 B.C. No longer isolated Benefited from spread of goods, ideas, and cultures

11 A Woman Pharaoh Hatshepsut became pharaoh after husband’s death
Dressed in male pharaoh’s clothes Wore a false beard Built temples Restored monuments Tomb in Valley of the Kings

12 Growth of Trade Hatshepsut was more interested in promoting trade that starting wars

13 Items Traded Egyptian traders exchanged beads, metal tools, and weapons for gold, ivory, ebony wood, and incense

14 Phoenicians Egyptians valued WOOD products Traded with Phoenicians
Lived in present-day Lebanon Invented alphabet Writing system Encouraged the spread of goods and ideas – called cultural diffusion

15 Trade and Politics Egyptians traded wheat, paper, gold, copper, tin and tools to the Phoenicians for purple dye, wood and furniture

16 Political Ties Developed ties with Babylonian Empire in Mesopotamia
Mittani in Syria Hittite Empire in Anatolia

17 Expanding the Empire When Hatshepsut died, Thutmose III became pharaoh
Thutmose was a strong leader and general Expanded Egypt north to the Euphrates River Conquered Nubia Empire was wealthy Captured and enslaved many prisoners of war

18 Two Unusual Pharaohs Amenhotep IV tried to make dramatic changes
Tutankhamen, was very young

19 A Religious Founder Amenhotep IV and wife, Nefertiti tried to change Egypt’s religion Feared priests were becoming too powerful Felt threatened by their power Started a new religion Worship one god, Aton, the sun god Religion was rejected by most Weakened Egypt Lost most of land to invaders

20 Who was “King Tut”? King Tutankhamen Became pharaoh at 10 years old
Restored polytheistic religion of many deities Died unexpectedly History Teachers King Tut

21 King Tut’s Tomb Tomb discovered in 1922 By Howard Carter
Contained the pharaoh’s mummy and many treasures including a gold mask

22 Recovery and Decline Ramses II Most successful of pharaohs
Also called Ramses the Great Conquered Canaan Fought the Hittites Ramses and the Hittite King signed a peace treaty

23 Age of Temples Ramses reigned 66 years
devoted himself to peaceful activities Built the temple of Karnak

24 Why Did Egypt Decline? Pharaohs fought costly wars
Armies from eastern Mediterranean attacked Egypt Libyans conquered Egypt People of Kush seized power In 670 B.C. taken over by the Assyrians From Messopotamia

Download ppt "Chapter 5.3 Egypt’s Empires."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google