2 Main clauses (Independent Clauses) Main clause: a clause that can form a complete sentence standing alone, having a subject and a predicate.I ate pizza.I = the subject ate= the predicate (or verb)The teddy bear was soft.Teddy bear = the subject was = the predicate (or verb)John and Sara are dating and will soon get married.John and Sara = the subject are dating = the predicate (or verb)Not this Claus!Helping verbs:am, are, is, was, were, be, being, been, have, has, had, shall, will, do, does, did may, must, might, can, could, would, should
3 Subordinate clauses (Dependent Clauses) Subordinate clause: a clause, typically (not always) introduced by a conjunction, that contains a subject and predicate, and forms part of and is dependent on a main clause.She answered the phone when it rang.After lunch, I go to English class.I really like that shirt you are wearing.I had a friend who dyed his hair purple.Even though I made the highest grade in the class, my mom was still upset because I did not make an “A” on the test.Subordinate clauseMain clause
4 How to Recognize a Subordinate Clause (Dependent Clause) Subordinate Conjunctions—a conjunction that introduces a dependent clause.AfterAlthoughAsBecauseBeforeEven ifEven thoughIfIn order thatOnceProvided thatRather thanSinceSo thatThanThoughunlessUntilWhenWheneverWhereWhereasWhereverWhetherWhilewhyRelative pronouns introduce relative clauses, which are a type of dependent clause. ThatWhichWhicheverWhoWhoeverWhomWhoseWhoseverWhomever
5 1. After the storm cleared, the flight took off. Practice—Draw one line under the subordinate clause or clauses in each sentence. For the main clause, put a star above the subject and circle the predicate (or verb).1. After the storm cleared, the flight took off.2. You will learn to speak Spanish if you practice.3. I know a girl who sings in the chorus.4. Although English is my favorite subject, I also like algebra.5. We can go to the mall unless you are too busy.