Presentation on theme: "CANCER What is it? Cancer is a complex disease that affects many different cells/tissues in the body. What is Uncontrolled cell division? Because it spread."— Presentation transcript:
CANCER What is it? Cancer is a complex disease that affects many different cells/tissues in the body. What is Uncontrolled cell division? Because it spread quickly to other sites in the body.
CANCER Tumor-Mass of new tissue growth Tumor-Mass of new tissue growth Benign-non-cancerous growthBenign-non-cancerous growth Malignant-cancerous growthMalignant-cancerous growth Metastasis-cancer cells that break away from the malignant tumor to other parts of the bodyMetastasis-cancer cells that break away from the malignant tumor to other parts of the body Carcinogens-cancer causing agentsCarcinogens-cancer causing agents
CANCER TERMS Sarcoma-cancer of muscle tissue and or connective tissues.Sarcoma-cancer of muscle tissue and or connective tissues. Carcinoma-cancer of the skin or tissue that lines body organs.Carcinoma-cancer of the skin or tissue that lines body organs. Leukemia-cancer of blood forming organs.Leukemia-cancer of blood forming organs. Lymphoma-cancer of the lymphatic systemLymphoma-cancer of the lymphatic system Melanoma-most serious form of skin cancer, associated with moles on the skin which contain excessive melanin.Melanoma-most serious form of skin cancer, associated with moles on the skin which contain excessive melanin.
CANCER CATEGORIES Sun Chemicals Smokeless tobacco Smoke tobacco Pesticides Asbestos Food additives Stress Virus Heredity
7 warning signs of cancer Mistake in the DNA replication Mutation may lead to cancer Change in bladder or bowel habits A sore that does not heal Unusual bleeding or discharge Thickening of lump Difficulty swallowing & or Constant indigestion Change in mole or wart Nagging / constant cough or hoarseness
Types of Cancer Lung cancer Skin cancer Prostate cancer Colon cancer Pancreas cancer Breast cancer
Tests & Exam Blood test Colonoscopy Pap test Biopsy Cat scan MRI X-Ray
Treatments Breast exam Testicle exam Scopes Mammography X-Ray Surgery Radiation therapy Chemotherapy Hormone therapy Immunotherapy Positive Attitude Vitamin therapy
How to reduce cancer risk Know your body Go for yearly check ups Reduce stress Limit use of alcohol and tobacco Eat properly, balanced diet, fiber, limit fat Sleep Limit exposure to the sun & use sunscreen with SPF 25+
Where to go to find out about cancer AMA: American Medical Association Oncologist American cancer society National Cancer Institute Medline Plus Various other societies 1-800-4-cancer