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Lifestyle Diseases.

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Presentation on theme: "Lifestyle Diseases."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lifestyle Diseases

2 1. Lifestyle diseases Diseases caused partly by unhealthy behaviors and partly by other factors.

3 2. Controllable Risk Factors
Factors include habits, behaviors, and practices one can change. Diet Body weight Physical activity Sun exposure Smoking Alcohol consumption

4 3. Uncontrollable risk factors
Risk factors that cannot be changed or controlled Age Gender Ethnicity Heredity

5 4. Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)
Diseases and disorders that result from progressive damage to the heart and blood vessels. Leading cause of death in the United States

6 5. Risk Factors for CVD’s Smoking Being overweight High blood pressure
High cholesterol Diabetes

7 6. High Blood Pressure (hypertension)
Increased force exerted against walls of arteries which puts extra strain on the heart. “Silent Killer”; people don’t realize they have it until they have a heart attack. Hypertension can eventually damage the kidneys and eyes.

8 7. Atherosclerosis Disease characterized by the buildup of fatty materials on the walls of the arteries.

9 8. Heart attack The damage and loss of function of an area of the heart muscle. Caused by reduced blood flow to the heart.

10 9. Stroke The damage and loss of function of an area of the brain.
Caused by loss of blood flow to the brain. Blood clot Burst vessel

11 10. Detection of CVD’s Blood pressure Electrocardiogram – ECG or EKG
Ultrasound Angiography

12 11. Treatment of CVD’s Diet and exercise Medications Surgery
Angioplasty Pacemakers Transplants

13 12. Preventing CVD’s Lower fat and salt intake
Keep weight near recommended levels Don’t smoke Exercise regularly Monitor blood pressure Relax!

14 13. Cancer A disease caused by uncontrolled cell growth.

15 14. Tumors Masses of abnormal cells.
Malignant Tumor – mass of cells that invades and destroys healthy tissue. Benign Tumor – non-cancerous mass of cells that develops in the body.

16 15. Causes of Cancer Genetics Carcinogens – cancer causing agents
Certain viruses – HPV (cervical cancer) Radioactivity and ultraviolet radiation. Chemicals found in tobacco smoke. Asbestos Toxic chemicals.

17 16. Detecting Cancer Self-exams Biopsy X-Rays MRI Blood and DNA tests

18 17. Warning signs of Cancer
Change in bowel or bladder habits. A sore that doesn’t heal. Unusual bleeding or discharge. Thickening or lump in breast or elsewhere. Indigestion or difficulty swallowing. Obvious change in a wart or mole Nagging cough or hoarseness.

19 18. Treating Cancer Surgery Chemotherapy Radiation therapy
Usually, a combination of the above mentioned treatments are used.

20 19. Preventing Cancer Don’t smoke Protect your skin
Eat more vegetables and decrease fat Stay active and maintain a healthy weight Get regular medical check-ups.

21 20. Diabetes The body’s inability to produce sufficient amounts of insulin resulting in an inability to metabolize glucose.

22 21. Insulin A hormone produced in the pancreas that causes cells to remove glucose from the bloodstream.

23 22. Diabetic coma Loss of consciousness due to a high concentration of blood sugar in the bloodstream.

24 23. Insulin Shock Disorder caused by high concentration of insulin and a low concentration of blood sugar.

25 24. Types of diabetes Type 1 Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes
Insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes. Body doesn’t make insulin Type 2 Diabetes Non-insulin dependent diabetes. Commonly occurs in people over 40 and people who are obese. Gestational Diabetes Diabetes that occurs during pregnancy.

26 25. Treating Diabetes Type 1: monitoring of blood-sugar levels and insulin injections Type 2: diet and exercise. Weight control. Gestational: diet and exercise.

27 26. Preventing Diabetes No way to prevent Type 1 Diabetes.
Reducing risk of Type 2 Diabetes. Maintain healthy weight. Avoid tobacco products. Monitor sugar intake. Reduce stress in your life.

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