Presentation on theme: "Socio-cultural studies relating to participation in physical activity: Participation to excellence: the relevant organisations and their policies 3.3.15."— Presentation transcript:
1 Socio-cultural studies relating to participation in physical activity: Participation to excellence: the relevant organisations and their policies3.3.15
2 Lesson objectives Know the terms opportunity, provision and esteem. Understand the sports development pyramidBe able to explain the roles of the leading sports organisations and their policies (DCMS, local authorities, UK Sport, UKSI, Sport England and all other home nations, NGB’s)
3 IntroductionThis section looks at the links between politics and sports. It examines how sport is organised and administered. How the government views sport has a major influence on its organisation.
4 ParticipationParticipation in the UK is generally low and has not changed in recent years.Only 30% of adults participate in the recommended PA in the UKYoung, white males are the most common group, with many disadvantaged groupsParticipation falls after leaving school dramaticallyUK has good success on the global stage but not always in our MAIN sports.Host major games; Olympics, Wimbledon, Cup finalsEstimated 2 billion is spent on PA in the UK.Sport is deliver through 4 sectors;Local government (local councils)Educations (schools)Voluntary sector (clubs and NGB’s)Private sector (e.g private golf clubs)
5 Funding Public: from the government and lottery (taxes, sales) Voluntary: funding from donations and private clubs (grants, fundraising)Private: from businesses and often through sponsorship
6 Participation pyramid Various levels of participation: mass participation to excellence Focus on learning the basics/enjoyment up to sporting excellence Focus is placed all trying to get all involved regardless of age, race, gender, up bringing etcExcellence: reaching national standard and publicly recognisedPerformance: improving standards to training and coachingParticipation: exercising in leisure time for a variety of reasons (lifestyle and social)Foundation: learning the basic/enjoying PA
7 Department for Culture, Media and Sport Government department responsible for sport It organises how sport is funded in the UK National lottery is now the primary source of funding in the UK- money from ticket sales. The money is distributed to UK Sport and the 4 home country sports councils, to support mass participation and sporting excellence.
8 UK sport They want world class success! Responsible for elite level sport and is funded by DCMS.What do they do?Promote standards of behaviourDistributes public and NL moneyCo-ordinates major eventsSupports with world class coachesEvaluate the work of NGB’s.
9 United Kingdom Sports Institute (UKSI) FOCUS IN THE UK: National institute of sport A network of centres that provide practical support for UK athletesProvide all the support to reach the top (physio, nutrition, coaching, management)Lottery and government funded (public funding)Aims: increase sporting successDevolved = a system that is decentralised with power.EIS: English institute for sportSINI: Sports institute for northern IrelandSIS: Scottish institute of sportWelsh institute for sport
10 Home country organisation Sport England: responsible for EnglandIncrease participationKeep people activeCreate opportunitiesPromote volunteering and coachingDevelop club linksSports council for Northern Ireland, Sport Scotland and Sports Council for WalesYou do not need to be bogged down with detail about each for the exam….just know an overview for all.Likely exam question: ‘with reference to the home country organisations such as sport England……’
11 Key definitions- MUST LINKS TO AFFECTS ON MASS PARTICIPATION AND SPORTING EXCELLENCE Opportunity: having the chance to take partDisposable incomeAbility/fitnessTimeProvision: having the conditions or physical tools to take partAccessSuitable equipmentTransportEsteem: linked to respect, values and appreciation. The perception of society affects the likelihood of taking part.Self-confidenceSelf-belief
12 Minority groupsUse pages 282 onwards to summarise the 5 key minority groups.Young, elderly, disabled, women, ethnic minoritiesI would like to know;the key issues linked to the group,the impact of social and cultural factors andthe measures to increase participation.