Primary Sexual Characteristics The body structures that make sexual reproduction possible Ovaries Testicles Penis Vagina
Secondary Sexual Characteristics Nonreproductive sexual characteristics Female breasts Deepening of male voice Body hair Jalo’s Hips
When does puberty start? The Landmarks First ejaculation for boys Menarche for girls Do we remember these things?
Puberty Sequence is way more predictable than the timing. How might timing differences effect an adolescent socially?
Cognitive Development Have the ability to reason but……. The reasoning is self-focused. Assume that their experiences are unique. Experience formal operational thought
Lawrence Kohlberg and his stages of Morality Preconventional Morality Conventional Morality Postconventional Morality
Preconventional Morality Morality of self- interest Their actions are either to avoid punishment or to gain rewards. Usually before 9 yrs of age
Conventional Morality by early adolescence Morality is based upon obeying laws to 1.Maintain social order and caring for others 2.To gain social approval
Postconventional Morality Comes with abstract reasoning Morality based on your own ethical principles. Some adults reach this level
Talk is Cheap How do we turn morality into action? Teach Empathy Self-discipline to delay gratification Model moral behavior
Social Development Its all about forming an identity!!!
Identity One’s sense of self. The idea that an adolescent’s job is to find oneself by testing various roles. Comes from Erik Erikson’s stages of Psychosocial development.
Identity Some teenagers take their identity early by sharing their parents values and expectations. Some teenagers will adopt a negative identity- opposition to society, but conforms to a peer group.
Intimacy Towards the end of adolescence, intimacy becomes the prime goal. Can you list the intimacy differences between men and women?
Trust vs. Mistrust AgeImportant Event Description Birth - 18 months FeedingInfants form a loving, trusting relationship with parents; they also learn to mistrust others.
Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt AgeImportant Event Description 18 months - 3 Years Toilet Training Child's energies are directed toward physical skills: walking, grasping, and toilet training. The child learns control along with a healthy dose of shame and doubt.
Initiative vs. Guilt AgeImportant Event Description 3 - 6 YearsIndependenceChild becomes more assertive, takes more initiative, becomes more forceful.
Competence vs. Inferiority AgeImportant Event Description 6 - 12 YearsSchoolThe child must deal with demands to learn new skills while risking a sense of inferiority and failure
Identity vs. Role Confusion AgeImportant Event Description AdolescencePeersTeens must achieve self-identity while deciphering their roles in occupation, politics, and religion.
Intimacy vs. Isolation AgeImportant Event Description Young AdultRelationshipsThe young adult must develop marriage-seeking relationships while combating feelings of isolation.
Generativity vs. Stagnation AgeImportant Event Description Middle AdultParentingAssuming the role of parents signifies the need to continue the generations while avoiding the inevitable feeling of failure.
Integrity vs. Despair AgeImportant Event Description Late AdultLife Reflection Acceptance of one's lifetime accomplishments and sense of fulfillment.