Presentation on theme: "About Erik Erikson Divide your poster into 8 sections Student of Sigmund Freud First to recognize a lifespan nature of development Identified 8 interdependent."— Presentation transcript:
About Erik Erikson Divide your poster into 8 sections Student of Sigmund Freud First to recognize a lifespan nature of development Identified 8 interdependent stages The 8 Stages of Psychosocial Development.
Adler’s Psychology Theory Believed that personality arises from our attempt to overcome or compensate for fundamental feelings of inadequacy. Our natural drive for superiority explains motivation. Our drive for superiority as a universal drive to adapt, improve oneself, and master’s life’s challenges. Inferior Feelings can lead to an inferiority complex Inferiority Complex: Exaggerated feelings of weakness and inferiority. Early childhood experiences can set momentous influence over adult personality.
The 8 Stages of Psychosocial Development Each individual goes through these 8 stages in their life. Each stage is characterized by specific task that must be mastered. If these tasks are not mastered, it throws, us off balance and makes it harder to deal with later crises. As each stage is complete, we continue to build towards a positive, and healthy development and happy life. Those who are plagued with unfavorable outcomes will continue to face frustrations and conflict while trying to develop as a person.
Trust vs. Mistrust Infants: Age 0-1 Positive Outcome: Develop secure attachment and trust people and environment Event: Feeding, sleeping, changing diapers Negative Outcome: Develop mistrust to people and things in environment, even to themselves
Autonomy Vs. Shame and Doubt Toddler: Age 1-2 Positive Outcome: They will develop self confidence Event- Begin to walk, explore, and become toilet training Negative Outcome: Children may feel ashamed of his/her behavior and doubt their abilities.
Initiative vs. Guilt Early Childhood: Age 2-6 Positive Outcome: Child positively accepts that certain things are not allowed. Event- Independence Children have developed motor skills, and become more involved in social interaction Negative Outcome: Child may feel guilty.
Industry vs. Inferiority School Age: Age 6-12 Positive Outcome: Develop a sense of self-worth Event- School; children learn to make things, use tools, and acquire skills to be a worker/provider. Transition from the world of home to peers. Negative Outcome: Develop a sense of inferiority
Identity vs. Role Confusion Adolescence Age: 12-18 Positive Outcome: Strong identity, ready to plan for the future. Event- Development of peer relationships; ask the question “Who am I?” Negative Outcome: Unable to make decisions and choices
Intimacy vs. Isolation Young Adulthood: Age 19-40 Positive Outcome: Form close committed relationships with others. Event- Develop and intimate relationship with another human being. Negative Outcome: Fear commitment, feel isolated and unable to depend on anybody.
Generativity vs. Stagnation Adulthood Age: 40-65 Positive Outcome: Having children and nurturing, and/or helping the next generation. Event- Parenting; ability to look outside oneself and care for others. Negative Outcome: Remain self-centered and experience stagnation later in life.
Integrity vs. Despair Late Adulthood: Age 65-death Positive Outcome: Accept death with a sense of integrity Event- Reflection on life; One looks back on their life and one’s role in the big scheme of things. Negative Outcome: Despair and fear death