Lawrence Kohlberg and his stages of Morality Preconventional Morality Conventional Morality Postconventional Morality
Preconventional Morality Morality of self- interest Their actions are either to avoid punishment or to gain rewards.
Conventional Morality Morality is based upon obeying laws to 1.Maintain social order 2.To gain social approval
Postconventional Morality Morality based on your own ethical principles.
Talk is Cheap How do we turn morality into action? Teach Empathy Self-discipline to delay gratification Modal moral behavior
Social Development Its all about forming an identity!!!
Identity One’s sense of self. The idea that an adolescent’s job is to find oneself by testing various roles. Comes from Erik Erikson’s stages of Psychosocial development.
Identity Some teenagers take their identity early by sharing their parents values and expectations. Some teenagers will adopt a negative identity- opposition to society, but conforms to a peer group.
Intimacy Towards the end of adolescence, intimacy becomes the prime goal. Can you list the intimacy differences between men and women?
Trust vs. Mistrust AgeImportant Event Description Birth - 18 months FeedingInfants form a loving, trusting relationship with parents; they also learn to mistrust others.
Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt AgeImportant Event Description 18 months - 3 Years Toilet Training Child's energies are directed toward physical skills: walking, grasping, and toilet training. The child learns control along with a healthy dose of shame and doubt.
Initiative vs. Guilt AgeImportant Event Description 3 - 6 YearsIndependenceChild becomes more assertive, takes more initiative, becomes more forceful.
Competence vs. Inferiority AgeImportant Event Description 6 - 12 YearsSchoolThe child must deal with demands to learn new skills while risking a sense of inferiority and failure
Identity vs. Role Confusion AgeImportant Event Description AdolescencePeersTeens must achieve self-identity while deciphering their roles in occupation, politics, and religion.
Intimacy vs. Isolation AgeImportant Event Description Young AdultRelationshipsThe young adult must develop marriage-seeking relationships while combating feelings of isolation.
Generativity vs. Stagnation AgeImportant Event Description Middle AdultParentingAssuming the role of parents signifies the need to continue the generations while avoiding the inevitable feeling of failure.
Integrity vs. Despair AgeImportant Event Description Late AdultLife Reflection Acceptance of one's lifetime accomplishments and sense of fulfillment.