2 INFANCY Age – birth to 12 to 18 months Basic Conflict – Trust vs. MistrustImportant Event – FeedingThe form a first loving, trusting relationship with the caregiver, or develop a sense of mistrust.
3 TODDLER Age – 18 months to 3 years Basic Conflict – autonomy vs. shame/doubtImportant Event – toilet trainingThe child’s energies are directed toward the development of physical skills, including walking, grasping and rectal sphincter control. The child may learn control but may develop shame and doubt if not handled well.
4 PRE-SCHOOL Age – 3 to 6 years Basic Conflict –Initiative vs. Guilt Important Event – IndependenceThe child continues to be more assertive and to take more initiative, but may be too forceful, leading to guilt feelings
5 SCHOOL AGE Age – 6 to 12 years Basic Conflict – Industry vs. InferiorityImportant Event – SchoolThe child must deal with the demands to learn new skills or risk a sense of inferiority, failure, and incompetence.
6 ADOLESCENCE Age – 12 to 18 years Basic Conflict – Identity vs. Role ConfusionImportant Event – Peer relationshipsThe teenager must achieve a sense of identity in occupation, sex roles, politics and religion.
7 YOUNG ADULTHOOD Age – 19 to 40 years Basic Conflict – Intimacy vs. IsolationImportant Event – Love relationshipsThe young adult must develop intimate relationships or suffer feelings of isolation.
8 MIDDLE ADULTHOOD Age – 40 to 65 years Basic Conflict – Generativity vs. StagnationImportant Event – parentingEach parent must find some way to satisfy and support the next generation
9 OLDER ADULTHOOD Age 65 until death Basic Conflict – Ego Integrity vs. DespairImportant Event – Reflection on acceptance and acceptance of one’s life.The culmination of a sense of oneself as one is and of feeling fulfilled.