Presentation on theme: "Providing Effective Leadership"— Presentation transcript:
1 Providing Effective Leadership The ability to influence a group toward the achievement of goals.
2 LeadershipLeaders inspire - Motivate - others to take on challenges and to achieve goals that they don’t believe they’re capable of or motivated to achieve.
3 Leadership Are all supervisors good leaders? Are all leaders good supervisors?Are Leaders always needed?
4 Are they genetic or learned? Leadership TraitsQualities such as intelligence, charm, decisiveness, enthusiasm, strength, bravery, integrity, and self-confidence.Are they genetic or learned?
5 Traditional Traits of Successful Leaders Self-confidenceIntelligenceEnthusiasmHonesty and IntegrityJob-relevant KnowledgeHigh Self-monitoring
6 Charismatic Traits of Successful Leaders Idealized goal (A Vision)Ability to articulate the goalStrong convictionsUnconventional behaviorAssertive and self-confidentHigh self-monitoringPerceived as a change agent
7 What Skills are Required of Effective Leaders? TechnicalConceptualHuman relations (interpersonal)Networking (political)
8 Leadership Behaviors and Styles Task-Centered LeadersAn individual with a strong tendency to emphasize the technical or task aspects of a job.
9 Leadership Behaviors and Styles People-Centered LeadersAn individual who emphasizes interpersonal relations with those he or she leads.
10 Leadership Behaviors and Styles Autocratic LeadersA task master who leaves not doubt as to who’s in charge, and who has the authority and power in the group
11 People Centered Behaviors Participative: the leadership style of an individual who actively seeks input from followers for many of the activities in the organization.
12 People Centered Behaviors Consultative: the leadership style of an individual who seeks input, hears the concerns and issues of the followers, but makes the final decision him or herself, using input as an information-seeking exercise.
13 People Centered Behaviors Democratic: a leadership style that allows followers to have a say in what’s decided.
14 People Centered Behaviors Free-reign: an individual who gives employees total autonomy to make decisions that will affect them.
15 Effective Leadership Situational Leadership Theory Effective leaders change their leadership style or behavior to fit changing situations.
16 Situational Leadership Fiedler’s Contingency TheoryProposes that effectiveness depends upon a proper match between a leader’s style of interacting with subordinates and the degree to which the situation gives control and influence to the leader.
17 Fiedler’s Contingency Theory Situational FactorsRespect for followersStructured jobs (task)Influence over employmentprocess (position power)
18 House’s Path-Goal Theory The leader’s job is to assist followers in overcoming obstacles in the way of attaining their goals by providing the proper leadership style.
19 House’s Path-Goal Theory Path-goal theory has identified two sets of situational factors:Characteristics of the EmployeeExperience - Ability - PersonalityCharacteristics of the JobTask Structure - Goal ClarityGroup Cohesiveness
20 Hersey/Blanchard Theory Similar to Fiedler’s theory with a couple of differences:First, more attention is placed on the concept of employee readiness or the ability and willingness of an employee to complete a task.
21 Hersey/Blanchard Theory Second, the H/B model focuses on what one does as a leader.Given where the employee is in terms of readiness level, the leader will exhibit a certain behavior.
22 Hersey/Blanchard Theory H/B identified four specific leadership styles based on the maturity of the follower:TellingSellingParticipatingDelegating
23 Do Credibility and Trust Matter? Supervisory qualities of honest, competence, and the ability to inspire.TrustThe belief in the integrity, character, and ability of a leader.
24 How Do You Build Trust? Demonstrate that you are working for others’ interests as well as your own.Practice opennessSpeak you feelings / Tell the truthLet employees know what ishappeningBe consistent in your valuesMaintain confidences
25 Do Men and Women Lead Differently? YesWomen tend to adopt a more democratic leadership style. They encourage participation, share power and information, and attempt to enhance followers’ self-worth.
26 Do Leaders Always Make a Difference? NoIn most cases the answer is yes but not always