Presentation on theme: "Who are these people? What do they have in common?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Who are these people? What do they have in common? Alexander Graham BellThomas EdisonAlbert EinsteinLeonardo Da VinciWinston ChurchillWalt DisneyAgatha ChristieHans Christian Anderson and…
2 Tom CruiseCherLindsay WagnerHenry WinklerWhoopi GoldbergGeorge BurnsMagic JohnsonWolfgang Amadeus Mozart
3 They all have learning disabilities, and yet each has overcome his/her specific challenge in order to be successful!
4 Learning disabilities (LD) are more common than most people realize; estimates suggest that as many as 1 in 5 people in North America have a LDMany people have some degree of learning disabilities and are often not aware of it (they have just learned to cope with their challenges)
5 For each of the following points, rate yourself on a scale of 1 -3 if they relate to you 1 = never, rarely, only sometimes2 = frequently, on occasion3 = usually, typically
6 Academic Symptoms poor performance on group tests reversals in reading and writingdifficulty in copying accurately from a modelslowness in completing workeasily confused by instructionsdifficulty with tasks requiring sequencing
7 Cognitive Symptoms * difficulty with temporal (time) concepts * difficulty discriminating size, shape, color* difficulty with temporal (time) concepts* distorted concept of body image* poor organizational skills* difficulty with abstract reasoning and/or problem-solving* disorganized thinking* often obsesses on one topic or idea* poor short-term or long-term memory* delays in development milestones (e.g. motor, language)
8 Physical Symptoms general awkwardness poor visual-motor coordination hyperactivityoverly distractible; difficulty concentratinglack of hand preference or mixed dominance
9 Behavioral/Social Symptoms * impulsive behavior;lack of reflective thought prior to action* low tolerance for frustration* excessive movement during sleep* poor peer relationships* overly excitable during group play* poor social judgment* inappropriate, unselective, & often excessive display of affection* behavior often inappropriate for situation* failure to see consequences for his actions* overly gullible; easily led by peers* excessive variation in mood and responsiveness* poor adjustment to environmental changes* difficulty making decisions
10 When considering these symptoms, it is important to remember that… l) No one will have all of these symptoms.2) Among Learning Disabled populations, some symptoms are more common than others.3) All people have at least two or three of theseproblems to some degree.4) The number of symptoms seen in a particular childdoes not give an indication as to whether the disability ismild or severe. It is important to consider if the behaviorsare chronic, and appear in clusters.
11 What are Learning Disabilities? * The primary characteristic of a learning disability is a significant difference between a child's achievement in some areas, and his or her overall intelligence* It is considered to be an ‘invisible disability’
12 * Disorders affect the ability to: -understand or use spoken or written language-do mathematical calculations-coordinate movements- direct attention
13 Boys are more commonly identified with a LD The most commonly identified LD is dyslexiaThey occur in very young children, but the disorders are usually not recognized until the child is about 10 years old (memorization skills are more challenging)
14 Learning disabilities typically affect five general areas: l) Spoken language- delays, disorders, and deviations in listening and speaking2) Written language- difficulties with reading, writing and spelling3) Arithmetic- difficulty in performing arithmetic operations or in understanding basic concepts4) Reasoning- difficulty in organizing and integrating thoughts5) Memory- difficulty in remembering information and instructions
15 Typically children with LD are above average in intelligence; they often get by in school by memorizationLearning disabilities are life-long challenges; there is no cure!
16 Types of Learning Disabilities Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)A condition characterized by impulsivity & inattentiveness, & occasional hyperactivityAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)- A condition characterized by hyperactivity, impulsivity & inattentiveness
17 AutismA behaviour disturbance characterized by self-stimulation, self-injurious behaviour, or the absence of speech
18 Dyslexia- The inability to read words & sentences, or other types of representational systems like clocks or directions
19 Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAP) - A disorder where the information is taken in through the ears but is not accurately processed by the brain (the brain does not process what is actually heard/said)
20 Developmental Aphasia - Poor speech due to problems in processing language; inability to use language appropriately by children who have intact communication systems and adequate intelligence
21 Dysnomia- Difficulty in using words; problems between storage in the brain and retrieval from the brain when words are required
22 DysgraphiaThe inability to write; problems with fine motor skills- The inability to identify written symbols of language
23 Dyscalcula, or Developmental Arithmetic Disorder (DAD) - The inability to do mathematical calculations
24 Treatment Options- specially trained educators may perform a diagnostic educational evaluation assessing the child’s academic & intellectual potential and level of academic performance- may require special education, or accommodation in the classroom (assistive technologies)- the basic approach is to teach learning skills by building on the child’s abilities & strengths, while correcting & compensating for disabilities and weaknesses
25 - may involve other professionals such as Speech and Language Therapists - psychological therapies may also be used
26 some medications may be effective in helping the child learn by enhancing attention & concentration (Ritalin for ADHD)
27 An identification of a Learning Disability is a life-long challenge, but it need not be a ‘life-sentence’.Learning strategies can enable someone with LD to overcome the perceived limitations, and lead to personal success.