Presentation on theme: "Educating the Student with Asperger’s Syndrome"— Presentation transcript:
1Educating the Student with Asperger’s Syndrome Chiko Noguchi
2What is Asperger Syndrome? A developmental disorder that affects a child's ability to socialize and communicate effectively with others. Children with Asperger's syndrome typically exhibit social awkwardness and an all-absorbing interest in specific topics. Doctors group Asperger syndrome with four other conditions that are called autistic spectrum disorders or pervasive developmental disorders. These disorders all involve problems with social skills and communication. Asperger syndrome is generally thought to be at the milder end of this spectrum.
3Asperger Syndrome differs from Autistic Disorder in that early cognitive and language skills are not delayed significantly.Individuals with Asperger Syndrome are motivated to be social, but do not know how. Social interactions are often one sided, verbose, and insensitive.
4Signs and symptomsEngaging in one-sided, long-winded conversations, without noticing if the listener is listening or trying to change the subjectDisplaying unusual nonverbal communication, such as lack of eye contact, few facial expressions, or awkward body postures and gesturesShowing an intense obsession with one or two specific, narrow subjects, such as baseball statistics, train schedules, weather or snakes
5Signs and symptomsAppearing not to understand, empathize with, or be sensitive to others' feelingsHaving a hard time "reading" other people or understanding humorSpeaking in a voice that is monotonous, rigid or unusually fastMoving clumsily, with poor coordination
6Medical professionals do not know of the cause or cure for Asperger Syndrome There is no specific treatment or intervention to consistently alleviate or reduce symptoms of this disorderAsperger Syndrome occurs much more frequently in males
7In the classroom, a child with Asperger Syndrome may show: Strengths in areas of verbal abilityWeaknesses in nonverbal areas such as visual motor and visual spatialMild motor clumsiness and awkwardnessOveractivity and inattentionWell developed language skills but problems with turn taking in conversations.Often have pedantic speech, using awkward phrases and big words.
8Teachers often mistake students with AS as being unmotivated, disobedient, and uncooperative, due to their typical appearance, peak skills, and intelligenceA student with excellent reading skills may have difficulty with comprehension, and a student with excellent ideas may neglect writing assignments due to poor fine motor skillsA student who can compute complex equations may not be able to make change at the grocery store
9Students with AS may experience difficulties dealing with: Changes in routines and surprisesDealing with sensory overloadTransitioning from activity to activity, subject to subject, classroom to classroomUnstructured periodsOrganizationsettling down after becoming upset/excited
10Students with AS may exhibit behaviors such as: Inefficiency to inhibit behaviorIntense reaction to changePreoccupation with specific objects or topicsRepetitive behaviorsEmotional outburstsBehaviors that injure the self or others
11As educators, we must remember that behavior problems of children with AS may be due to misunderstanding situations, instructions and/or overstimulation.Behaviors can often be corrected by modeling appropriate behavior and guidance.
12Interventions in the classroom Use classroom situations to teach about emotions, feelings, and appropriate behaviorEncourage structured play to boost social skills-board games, cardsUse behavioral intervention, social skills groups, relaxation techniques
13In order for a student with AS to succeed in school, he/she may have modifications in their IEP’s such as:Increased time on tests due to organizational, writing, and attention problemsReduced written assignments or permission to use alternatives to writing such as tape recorders, and word processorsModified testing arrangements
14What Can We Do As Teachers? Develop a visual schedule that the student can refer to on their desk, binder, or lockers. Alert students and parents of any changes in the schedule that may come up such as fire drills, field trips, assemblies.Familiarize students around the classroom and the school at the beginning of the year. Make sure the student feels comfortable going through the cafeteria, bathroom, etc independently so that he/she does not have to feel frustrated or anxious throughout the day.
15What Can We Do As Teachers? Establish clear, classroom rulesModel appropriate behavior and conversation skills.Provide a safe place for a student to calm down if the student feels anxious.Use special interests of the student with AS to link teaching new ideas or other skillsUse social stories when appropriate