2 Types of SentencesStructure of a sentence is determined by the number and kind of clauses it contains.SimpleCompoundComplexCompound Complex
3 Phrase V. ClauseA phrase is a collection of words that may have nouns or verbals, but it does not have a subject doing a verbA clause is a collection of words that has a subject that is actively doing a verb.Before the first testSince she laughs at menBetween ignorance and intelligenceHe is uglier than a dog.
4 Independent VS Dependent Clause Expresses a complete thoughtIt can stand alone as a SENTENCE.AKA Subordinate ClauseContains a subject and a verb but DOES NOT express a COMPLETE THOUGHT.It cannot stand alone.Santa’s round figure is DEPENDENT on his consumption of cookies.
5 Making a Dependent Clause Work To express a complete thought, a dependent clause must be combined with, or be part of an independent clause.Genes contain the code that determines your height.
6 Independent Clause AKA Sentence Every sentence has two basic parts:A subject- tells whom or what the sentence is about.A predicate- tells what the subject is or does or what happens to the subject.
7 Simple Subject & Predicate THE VIOLENT STORM BATTERED THE SAILBOAT.Simple SubjectAsk who or what is or does something.What battered the sailboat?Simple PredicateAsk what the subject is or does or what happens to it.What did the storm do?Every word in a sentence is part of either the complete subject or the complete predicate.
8 Simple SentenceConsists of one independent clause and no subordinate clauses.Independent clause- contains a subject & verb & expresses a complete thoughtGenes contain the code for physical appearance.Subordinate/ dependent clause- contains a subject and a verb but does not express a complete thought.That determines your heightBecause inherited traits often skip a generationX x 0 = Simple Sentence
9 Simple Sentence Example Most TV family shows idealize family life.Leave It to Beaver and Father Knows Best were examples of the “ideal” American family.Wally Cleaver: Gee Dad, how come you know so much about buying cars? Ward Cleaver: Well, Wally, as unbelievable as it may seem they did have cars in my younger days. Wally Cleaver: Used cars?
10 Compound SentenceConsists of two or more independent clauses joined together.Can be joined with a comma and a coordinating conjunction, a semicolon, and a comma with a conjunctive adverb.X 2 or moreIndependent Claus
11 Compound Sentence Examples The TV father worked, and the TV mother stayed at home with the TV children.TV families often owned dogs, but you rarely saw a cat (CAT)Housekeepers were family too; they often gave wise advice.
12 Complex SentenceConsists of one independent clause and one or more subordinate/ dependent clauses.or 2= Complex Sentence
13 Examples of Complex Sentences A 1970s sitcom called The Brady Bunch featured a blended family that consisted of two of the original parents, three girls, and three boys.Although it was not as popular as other programs at the time, the show went on to become an enduring classic.
14 Compound-Complex Sentence Consists of two or more independent clauses and one or more subordinate/ dependent clauses.2 or more independent clauses1 or more dependent clauses+= Compound-Complex Sentence
15 Examples of Compound-Complex Sentences On January 12, 1971, All in the Family appeared on TV, and audiences saw a show that changed the course of TV comedy.DISCLAIMER: "The program you are about to see is All in the Family. It seeks to throw a humorous spotlight on our frailties, prejudices, and concerns. By making them a source of laughter, we hope to show -- in a mature fashion -- just how absurd they are."Each week the show broke new ground, and, as the actors tackled one sensitive subject after another, the show quickly became the number one program on television.