2A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb. The following sentence contains two clauses.Kate noted the day’s events in her journal before she went to bed.
3There are two kinds of clauses: independent and dependent. An independent clause expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence.Kate noted the day’s events in her journal.
4There are two kinds of clauses: independent and dependent. A dependent clause does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence.Most dependent clauses are introduced by words like although, before, because, so, that, when, while, and that.before she went to bed
5Kate noted the day’s events in her journal before she went to bed. A dependent clause can be joined to an independent clause to add to the complete thought that the independent clause expresses.Kate noted the day’s events in her journal before she went to bed.Some writers keep journals so that they can remember details about events.
7Simple and Compound Sentences Sentence StructureSimple and Compound Sentences
8Simple SentencesA simple sentence contains one independent clause and no dependent clauses.Malika sings.Ben competes at chess every day after school.
9Compound SentencesA compound sentence contains two or more independent clauses and no dependent clauses.Malika sings every day, and she practices with the choir.
10Compound SentencesIndependent clauses can be joined by a comma and a coordinating conjunction (for, and, nor, or, but, so yet) or by a semicolon.The choir rehearsed late on Tuesday, and the director praised their hard work.The choir rehearsed late on Tuesday; the director praised their hard work.
17Compound-Complex Sentences A compound-complex sentence contains two or more independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses.While she was fishing, Amy saw many deer, and she tried not to disturb them.
18Compound-Complex Sentences Amy unhooked the salmon from the line, and she threw it back into the stream so that it could live.