2 On what criteria are research proposal judged? The Format of a Research ProposalOn what criteria are research proposal judged?Do you have a clear idea of what you plan to research? Does your proposal have focus?Is it a topic worthy of academic study and significance?Do you demonstrate an adequate understanding of the debates in the literature on this topic?Is the project feasible? Do you have a realistic idea of how you are going to tackle the investigation?Is it doable within the time constraints?Does the bibliography and referencing conform to accepted conventions? Is it technically faultless?
3 The process of developing a research proposal The Format of a Research ProposalThe process of developing a research proposalBroad ThemeParticular TopicProblem within the topic
4 The format of a research proposal: Chapter 1: Introduction Research Background (introduction)Research Problem and Research QuestionsThe engine of your thesisHow to identify Research Problem?Literature Driven.READ, READ, READ & NO SHORT-CUTDemonstrate that you are familiar with the academic debates on the issues chosen.It should focus on a gap in the debates /a puzzle / an ambiguityYou should be able to explain why it is a problem and why it is worthy of study.If the answer to the question is already known, or one on which there is scholarly consensus, then the question is not worth pursuing.Questions can start with “can?”, “should?”, “is?”, “how?”, “what?”, “why?” etc.
5 Chapter 1: Introduction Research ObjectivesDerived from research questionsObjective: Which is the problem your thesis hopes to address and aimed at an academic audience.Your thesis must have an academic aim as its central aim.Consider starting your objectives with words like “To…:explore, investigate, analyze, determine, understand, compare, evaluate, assess.Significant of the studyAcademic/ theoretical i.e; To understand the phenomenaStrategic/practical i.e; To provide recommendation for policy makers.Definitions of Terms
6 Chapter 2: Literature Review A review of the relevant literatureThe literature review is crucial to formulating the framework of the research.Examine past and recent studies that act as a basis for proposed study.Begin from comprehensive perspective moving to more specific studies (that relate to your problem).Discuss the current status of your topicAvoid the inessential literature.Emphasize on the:importance results, most recent findings and conclusion of other studies. Any contradict findings?trend from previous researchIn what context is most of the literature locatedMethodology or design (that could be duplicated or should be avoided)
7 Chapter 2: Literature Review Emphasize on the .. (conti.)The interpretation of the key conceptsWhat theoretical model relates to your research topic?Demonstrate that you have some sense of the debates in literature around the topic.Must show relationship between literature & Problem Statement.Discussion of the relationship between the important variables provide basis for hypothesis development.The literature review help you to formulate the framework of the research.
8 Chapter 3: MethodologyDescribe “How you are going to do”-> Research design.Unit of analysis (respondents): individual? Company? Provide justification!!Purpose of study: Exploration? Description? Hypothesis testing?Research Design:Sampling Procedure…Justification!!!Data Collection Method:Quantitative? Survey / secondary data.. Justification!!!Qualitative?? Structured or semi structured Interview?/ Participant Observation?.. Justification!!!Reliability & validity of the instrumentResult of the pilot testData Analysis techniques: Parametric/non-parametric/qualitative? … Justification!!!
9 4.0 Indicative Structure of a Thesis Chapter%of reportIntroductionBackground &Purpose of the study.Research Problem, Research Questions, Research ObjectivesSignificant of the study102. Literature ReviewEvaluation of the existing body of knowledge on the topicTheoretical Framework (if applicable)demonstrate an adequate understanding of the debates in the literature on the topicHypothesis formulation (if applicable)303. MethodologyResearch DesignPurpose of study (exploration/Description/Hypothesis Testing?), Sampling, Unit of measurement, Measurement, Data collection Method, Data Analysis TechniquesJustification for choice of methods204. Finding/ResultPresentation & Discussion5. ConclusionSummary of what you found out in relation to each research questionYour contribution to knowledgeLimitation of your research & suggestion for future researchImplication of your research for practice or policy