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Critical Reading Strategies: Overview of Research Process Week 3.

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Presentation on theme: "Critical Reading Strategies: Overview of Research Process Week 3."— Presentation transcript:

1 Critical Reading Strategies: Overview of Research Process Week 3

2 Critical Thinking A rational examination of ideas, inferences, principles, conclusions –Uses criteria for critiquing –Clarifies –Considers content appropriateness –Questions own thinking –Uses skepticism

3 Critical Reading Active, intellectual process where the reader uses interpretation and objective assessment of written material –Identify concepts –Clarify concepts –Question assumptions and rationale –Determine supporting evidence

4 Four Levels of Critical Reading Preliminary understanding: skimming –Title –Abstract –Identify main theme

5 Critical Reading Levels (cont) Comprehensive understanding: –Variables and concepts Definitions Relationships –Terminology –Main idea or theme –Restate in own words

6 Critical Reading Levels (cont) Analysis understanding: –Understand parts –Begin to critique –Summarize in own words each part Synthesis understanding: –Put together –Explain relationships –Critique

7 Critiquing A process of objectively and critically evaluate content for scientific merit and application to practice, theory, and education. –Uses criteria: research process –Find strengths as well as weaknesses

8 Abstract Brief ( words) Comprehensive (succinct) –Research purpose –Research questions and/or hypotheses –Methodology –Results –Implications for practice or future research

9 Research Problem or Purpose Researcher presents a picture of area researched –Abstract –Introduction –Aims –Conceptual framework

10 Purpose Why study was done is defined –Introduction –End of Literature Review –End of Conceptual Framework

11 Literature Review and Framework Presents main concepts investigated –Review of Literature –Literature Review –Theoretical Framework –Related Literature –Background –Conceptual Framework

12 Hypothesis, Problem or Question Quantitative Research –Problems, hypotheses, questions Qualitative Research –Questions and purposes Found: –Under separate headings –Introduction –Background –Results or Findings

13 Design Blueprint of study –How purpose and problem were studied –Differs by qualitative or quantitative Found –Procedures –Methods

14 Sample Who are the subjects and how were they selected? –Type –Size Found: –Methods –Methodology –Subjects –Sample

15 Instruments: Measurement tools Validity –Measurement instrument measures what it is supposed to measure Reliability –Measurement instrument is consistent in measures.

16 Procedures and Data Collection How data or information collected How measures or instruments used Found –Procedures –Data collection

17 Data Analysis and Results Procedures for analyzing data –Statistical tests –Descriptive/inferential tests results –Procedures to analyze themes, concepts, observational data Found –Results –Findings –Method

18 Discussion of Findings Ties parts together for a whole New findings Unexpected findings Found –Discussion

19 Implications, Limitations, and Recommendations Based on findings Suggest applications for practice and education Self critique Found –Conclusion and recommendation –Discussion –Implications

20 References Resources used in research or article –Primary –Secondary Support for material presented


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