2 Types of illness you may see in the classroom Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)Coxsackievirus (Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease)Head LiceImpetigo (Bacterial Skin Infections)Influenza (Flu)MeaslesMenigitisMononucleosis (Mono)Norovirus (Stomach bug)Otitis Media (Ear Infection)
3 Types of illness continued Pertussis (Whooping Cough)Rhinovirus (Common Cold)Rotavirus (Diarrhea)Strep ThroatMethicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)Clostridium difficile (C-Diff)
4 Community OrganismsMost of the illnesses listed are considered community illnesses meaning that you can come across them anywhere in the community. MRSA and C-diff were once considered nosocomial infections that occurred mainly in hospitals and other healthcare facilities. Unfortunately, due to improper use of antibiotics we have seen these illnesses begin to crop up in community settings.It is important to be aware of the types of illnesses in the community to be able to recognize signs that these illnesses may have made it into your classroom.
5 Recognizing Symptoms Conjunctivitis (Pink eye) The whites of one or both eyes are pinkThere could be a dischargeBacterial pink eye is more contagious than viralContagious if there is dischargeMust be treated by prescriptionCan last a few days or weeks
6 Recognizing Symptoms Coxsackievirus (Hand, Foot, Mouth Disease) Rash that can be found on hands, feet and inside or outside the mouthNo treatmentThe virus lives in salivaUsually doesn’t last more than a week
7 Recognizing Symptoms Head Lice Can happen to anyone Lice can travel on backpacks, sleeping bags, pillows, combs and brushesAvoid head to head contactEggs (nits) are hardest to get rid of and look like dandruffMany treatments available
8 Recognizing Symptoms Impetigo (Skin infections) Caused by strep or staph bacteriaPuss filled blisters and open sores that crust overVery contagiousMust have an open cut or sore to get infectedAvoid direct contactMake sure the wound is covered
9 Recognizing Symptoms Influenza (Flu) Best protection is the flu vaccineCough, fever, body aches, chills, sneezingIsolate students suspected of illnessClean and disinfect surfaces
10 Recognizing Symptoms Measles MMR vaccine is key 2 vaccines (1 at age months and 1 at school age)Unvaccinated students could be an issueHigh fever, runny nose, cough and congunctivitusSymptoms appear 7-14 days after exposure
11 Recognizing Symptoms Menigitis Brain and spinal cord membrane infection bacterial or viralMeningococcal vaccine given at years and a booster at 16Headache, sensitivity to light, neck pain, nausea and vomiting, drowsiness and poor appetiteSpread by coughing and sneezing
12 Recognizing Symptoms Mononucleosis (Kissing disease) Transmitted by contact with contaminated salivaMost common in ages 15-17Fever, swollen glands, sore throat and fatigueCaution against sharing food, drink, utensils etc.Must be treated by a physician
13 Recognizing Symptoms Norovirus Spread through feces Causes vomiting, diarrhea and stomach crampsWash hands frequently to preventCan be spread through swimming pool waterLarge crowded spaces help the disease to spreadHydrate
14 Recognizing Symptoms Rhinovirus (Common Cold) Can only treat symptoms Runny nose, sneezing, sore throat, headacheIsolate students suspected of having the virus if possibleHave students wash hands or use hand sanitizerClean surfaces frequently
15 Recognizing Symptoms Strep Throat Severe throat pain, fever, headache, nausea and vomitingSpread by contact with contaminated salivaMust treat with antibiotics
16 Recognizing Symptoms MRSA Staph bacteria enter the body through open cuts, scrapes and other soresResistant to most antibioticsWounds can be slow to healSome people are carriers of the bacteria and can spread it even if their skin looks normal
17 Recognizing Symptoms C-diff Watery diarrhea times per day, abdominal cramping, blood in stool, fever, nausea, dehydration, loss of appetiteCan occur after antibiotic therapyBacteria can live for weeks or even months on surfacesAntibiotics sometimes destroy good bacteria which in turn can cause some bad bacteria to flourishCan be resistant to some treatments
18 School policy Do you know your school’s policy on infectious disease? What steps do you need to take to protect yourself and your students?When is it appropriate to contact a parent?Is there a school nurse that handles these issues?
19 Prevention Hand Washing Hand Sanitizer Must have soap and warm water Must rub hands vigorouslySing “Happy Birthday” song in your head two times while washingOnly use when hand washing is not an optionDoes not kill all germsMust use at least a dime sizeMust rub in and allow to dryOveruse can lead to resistant organisms
20 Is there such a thing as too clean? Yes! Believe it or not, there is such a thing as too clean. Many bacteria and germs that the body comes into contact with on a daily basis are not bad for you. They actually help the body to process coming into contact with the ones that are. Cleaning too much reduces the numbers of good bacteria with the bad.
21 takeawaysThere are many common viruses that we come into contact with on a daily basisThe viruses and bacteria do not always make us sickRecognize signs and symptomsKnow your school’s policy on infectious disease and how to handle sick childrenWipe down commonly used items on a daily basisEducate your students on proper hand washingRemind students not to share items that could be carrying germs