Presentation on theme: "What are communicable diseases?"— Presentation transcript:
1What are communicable diseases? *Diseases that are spread from one person to the next*Diseases that are “catching”*Diseases that are caused by germs or pathogensExamples of pathogens include: viruses, bacteria, protozoa, parasitic worms and fungiExamples of common communicable diseases…Cold Flu Pneumonia HepatitisMononucleosis STD’s HIV/AIDS
2How communicable diseases are spread: Direct Contact: Exposure to infected body fluids such as blood or saliva.Vectors/Reservoirs: Germs are spread by an animal or insect, usually through a biteAirborne: Germs are spread through the air, for example when someone coughs or sneezes.Food and Water: Food and water can become contaminated with germs and people can get sick when they eat or drink them.Indirect contact: Pathogens remain on surfaces that were in contact with an infected person.
3Be smart about food prep! Protect Yourself!Wash your hands!Don't share food,drinks orpersonal items!Get vaccinated!Stay home if have afever or are infectious!Be smart about food prep!
4The common COLD Cause- Symptoms- Treatments- Virus – more than 200 types including rhinoviruses and corona viruses can cause the coldCause-sore, scratchy throat, sneezing, and a runny nose. Other symptoms that may occur later include headache, stuffy nose, watering eyes, hacking cough, chills, and general sick-feeling lasting from 2 to 7 days. Some cases may last for two weeks.Symptoms-Bed rest, drink lots of fluids, medication to treat the symptoms. There is NO CURETreatments-
5Prevention: get the flu vaccine Cause-Respiratory illness caused several different virusesTirednessCoughSore throatFeverAches and chillsHeadacheSymptoms-The FLUComplications of the flu…Bronchitis, pneumonia, can cause death in high risk groups (people with chronic disease, infants and the elderly)Fluids and bed restMedication like Tylenol to bring the fever down and relieve symptomsTreatment:Prevention: get the flu vaccine
6H1N1(aka:The Swine Flu)H1N1 is a new strain of the flu virus that is a combination of flu viruses that affect pigs, birds and humans.Symptoms:FeverCoughSore throatBody achesHeadachestiredness*Some people also have vomiting and diarrheaIf you have any of these symptoms you should seek medical treatment right away! Your doctor may give you an antiviral medication like tamiflu, which help to make the symptoms milder.Treatment: Rest!Drink lots of fluids, especially if you have diarrhea!Stay home from school if you have a fever, and limit your contact with othersDid you know that this flu virus affects children and teens more than other flu viruses do…Prevention- Get the H1N1 VaccineAND….
7Preventing colds and the flu... Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze—throw the tissue away after you use it.Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. If you are not near water, use an alcohol-based hand cleaner.Stay away as much as you can from people who are sick.If you get the flu, stay home from work or school. If you are sick, do not go near other people so that you don't make them sick too. Do not return to school until your doctor says you can!Try not to touch your eyes, nose, or mouth. Germs often spread this way.Do not share drinks, food, lip gloss…..
8How are the cold and the flu different???? Caused by DIFFERENT Viruses (more than 200 for the cold, only a few for the flu)The flu comes on more QUICKLYSome of the symptoms are different….with the flu there is usually a high fever, aches and chillsThe flu is more serious, and can be deadlyThere is a vaccine to prevent the flu(seasonal and H1N1)
9Hepatitis BHepatitis B is a serious disease caused by a virus that attacks the liver. The virus, which is called hepatitis B virus (HBV), can cause lifelong infection, cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver, liver cancer, liver failure, and deathTransmission (how do you get it??)Contact with the body fluids of an infected person*Sexual contact *Blood to Blood contactTreatment- Bed rest, medications, do not drink alcoholSymptoms:Jaundice (yellowing of eyes and skin)Tiredness and weaknessWeight loss, loss of appetiteAbdominal painPrevention: vaccine, do not share needles, abstinence (no sex or drugs!)
10an infection of the lungs, which can be caused by a variety of microorganisms, including viruses, bacteria, and parasites.Pneumoniafeverchillscoughunusually rapid breathingbreathing with grunting orwheezing soundslabored breathingvomitingchest painabdominal paindecreased activitySymptomsTreatments :antibiotics(bacterial)antiviral medicationsbed restPrevention: vaccine* don’t share food or drink, or be around sick people
11Mononucleosis Facts About Mono: Symptoms How do I get it? Treatment: Infectious mononucleosis is sometimes called "mono" or "the kissing disease“. It is an infection usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).Facts About Mono:constant fatiguefeversore throatloss of appetiteswollen lymph nodes headachessore muscleslarger-than-normal liver or spleenskin rashabdominal painNot everyone who is exposed to EBV gets sickOnce you have it, you will carry the virus for the rest of your life, although you probably will not get sick from it again!SymptomsHow do I get it?Treatment:Kissing someone who has itSharing food, drink, utensils, toothbrushesNo cure…bed rest, fever reducing medications, treat other symptoms, people usually get better in 3-4 weeks
12Cause: Varicella-Zoster Virus An itchy rash of spots that look like blisters can appear all over the body and may be accompanied by flu-like symptoms.Cause: Varicella-Zoster VirusChicken PoxSymptoms:Rash of bumpy fluid filled red bumps that can rupture and scab over. This rash is very itchy. Other symptoms include a fever, abdominal pain, sore throat, and headache (last 5-7 days on average)Treatments:No cure/symptoms can be treated .Prevention:Varicella Vaccine